Según estudio los adolescentes que trabajan tienen más probabilidades de probar la marihuana.

Más dinero, mas marihuana?

Un nuevo estudio ha encontrado que los adolescentes que trabajan tienen más probabilidades de consumir marihuana que sus compañeros que no trabajan. Los resultados de la investigación realizada en el estado de Washington se publicaron recientemente en el Journal of Adolescent Health.

Para llevar a cabo el estudio, los investigadores analizaron los datos del Healthy Youth Study recopilados entre 2010 y 2016. La encuesta anual de estudiantes de 8º, 10º y 12º grado incluye preguntas sobre el consumo de marihuana durante los 30 días anteriores y el estado laboral y el lugar de trabajo del encuestado.

El uso de marihuana por estudiantes mayores 

El estudio encontró que un aumento en el uso de marihuana por parte de estudiantes mayores coincidió con la legalización del cannabis. 2010 fue dos años antes de la legalización del cannabis por los votantes de Washington y 2016 fue dos años después del comienzo de las ventas minoristas legales de marihuana en el estado.

“Entre 2010 y 2016, el consumo de marihuana disminuyó significativamente entre los estudiantes de octavo y décimo grado que trabajan y los que no trabajan. “Entre los estudiantes que trabajan en el grado 12, el consumo de marihuana aumentó significativamente con el tiempo en comparación con los jóvenes que no trabajan”, escribieron los investigadores.

“Las asociaciones eran más fuertes para los jóvenes que trabajaban más horas por semana”, agregaron.

El estudio también encontró que las personas jóvenes que trabajaban en entornos más formales, como servicios o negocios minoristas, tenían más probabilidades de fumar marihuana que los jóvenes con trabajos informales como el cuidado de niños. La investigadora principal Janessa Graves, Ph.D., profesora asistente de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad del Estado de Washington que se especializa en investigación sobre adolescentes y empleo, dijo que no estaba sorprendida por los hallazgos, aunque no esperaba que hubiera tal diferencia. entre estudiantes de secundaria y estudiantes más jóvenes.

“No me sorprendió que los adolescentes trabajadores tuvieran una mayor prevalencia del consumo de marihuana”, dijo Graves. “Me sorprende un poco cómo los patrones de los alumnos de 12º grado difirieron de los de 8º y 10º grado. Los estudiantes de 12º grado están actuando más como adultos “.

Los padres pueden tener un impacto

Graves señaló que la participación de los padres con sus adolescentes y el conocimiento de su lugar de trabajo pueden tener un impacto en la prevención del consumo de marihuana por parte de los jóvenes.

“Los adolescentes mayores comienzan a actuar más como adultos, pero hay bastante buena ciencia por ahí que realmente les interesa no consumir marihuana hasta que sean mayores”, dijo Graves. “Los padres deben vigilar la seguridad de los niños en el trabajo. … Tenga esta discusión abierta sobre las ventajas y desventajas de trabajar y cómo manejar esas presiones, no solo con el cannabis “.

La atmósfera de empleo y otros factores sociales también pueden influir en si los jóvenes eligen consumir marihuana, según Graves.

“Una cosa que realmente me gusta resaltar es que gran parte depende de la calidad del lugar de trabajo”, dijo Graves. “Algunos lugares son realmente buenos para que trabajen los adolescentes. No todos los lugares de trabajo son creados iguales “.

El informe sobre el estudio, titulado “Empleo y consumo de marihuana entre adolescentes del estado de Washington antes y después de la legalización de la marihuana comercial”, señaló que investigaciones anteriores han demostrado que el consumo de marihuana por parte de los jóvenes puede ser perjudicial para su desarrollo y puede tener un efecto negativo en Desempeño académico, dependencia química posterior a la vida y salud mental.

Los investigadores concluyeron que “los estados que legalizan la marihuana pueden considerar implementar intervenciones para apoyar los comportamientos saludables entre los jóvenes trabajadores”. Graves sugirió que los precios más altos y otros pasos para restringir el acceso de los jóvenes a la marihuana también podrían ayudar a reducir la incidencia del uso.

“Lo que hemos visto desde que se abrió el mercado minorista es que el acceso ha aumentado y los costos han bajado”, dijo.

The post Según estudio los adolescentes que trabajan tienen más probabilidades de probar la marihuana. appeared first on High Times.

Exclusive High Times Video Drop: Chris Webby—Pipe Down (feat. ANoyd)

Chris Webby is one of the most prolific rappers nowadays, dropping a new track every Wednesday. While 90 percent of these songs mention cannabis at some point, roughly 30 percent of all of them are about weed.

If you don’t know Webby, check out this High Times interview from 2018, where we wrote: “In a world where the hip-hop arena is dominated by trappers and mumble rappers with tattoos on their faces and little substance to their lyrics, Webby’s well-rounded bars shine like a beacon in the dark.”

At the time, he told us one of the coolest things about marijuana is “it brings cool people together. Through my life I’ve met some of the most incredible people through just smoking a joint.”

A Long History With ‘Bong Hits’

Although Webby’s been releasing popular cannabis-related songs for more than a decade now, his first big herb-related hit came out in 2016. Sativa, a collaboration with B-Real of Cypress Hill, Demrick & Zacari, started with lyrics that would get any pot lover excited:

This shit is sublime,
Hit it and lift up your mind,
The most specific of kinds.
Particular strains I’m smoking during daytime,
Got me feeling high and energetic at the same damn time.

Then, in 2017, Webby dropped another weed-themed gem: Twist Again, an updated version of his mid-2000s weed anthem La La La. In it, he justifiably claimed he’d “been on that La La La since ’08 / Combine strains and taste / Lebron james of vaping…”

But it was, again, his prowess with words that drove fans crazy.

The best hit my chest and I take the whole rip
Fuck a 20 bag I’ll take the whole zip
Even if the federal government oppose it
I say fuck it and grab another nugget and puff it in public
Weed naps on my back like a Snorlax
Highest alien bouncing off of the ceiling
I need it up in my system the minute that I record that
Loud pack in a wall rat

‘Pipe Down’

About two months ago, Webby got together with his frequent collaborator and CT brother ANoyd to drop a new cannabis-themed track: Pipe Down.

Smoking that shit that be curing patients,
Tuning out any person hating with the hustle, focus, and determination
Of a Gary Vaynerchuk, and my fans are up, and they at the show, and they hands are up
Untamed animal, got no handler
They can’t see me, I call them Sand-a-ra.

Today, High Times has the honor of dropping the video for this awesome song for cannabis lovers. Shot and directed by ROOK during the Canadian portion of Webby’s Raw Thoughts Tour (to keep everything above board), and produced by JPONTHETRACK and Nox Beatz, the oneiric video features Webby and ANoyd smoking huge joints while touring Canada and performing.

“Shooting music videos while on tour is always a very on-the-fly process,” Webby told High Times. “You kinda just find random locations and say ‘hey this would be a dope shot, grab the camera.’ That main shot with the lit up ceiling was a venue in Nelson, BC. Before soundcheck we got showered up and got the shot. I was extremely hungover and sleep-deprived but we made it happen.”

Webby went on to disclose that the scene with the giant joint was actually shot in Washington state, right before crossing the border into Canada.

“We knew we couldn’t take the weed with us so we got the shot, smoked as much as we could, and left the gigantic roach next to a tree. Hopefully someone stumbled upon it and enjoyed what was left,” he said during an exclusive conversation.

Some winks for his fans include his classic Jameson bottle, and, of course, his numerous mentions of what he calls real rappers: Eminem, Triggaman and Killa Cam (Cam’ron).

ANoyd, another English-language virtuoso, drops his own goods as well:

I think I’m in the mood for a peanut butter jelly
With a corner cut knife and a tight mouth
Puttin’ marijuana in a iCloud
I smell it like The Rock with the eyebrow

Talking exclusively with High Times, ANoyd said Pipe Down was a song that was easy to translate into video language. “It was such a smooth hip-hop vibe… We just had to capture that nostalgic feel visually. The video was shot in a bunch of random places throughout Canada,” he said commending ROOK for his ability to shoot on the fly.

“When Webb sent me the record, I started writing to it right away. Every record we have done together has been a vibe,” ANoyd concluded.

The post Exclusive High Times Video Drop: Chris Webby—Pipe Down (feat. ANoyd) appeared first on High Times.

Has Cannabis Reform Landed In The UK?

The British have finally decided that cannabis reform is overdue. In London at least, 63% of the population believe that recreational reform is a good idea.  According to a poll by The Evening Standard, the rest of England too, is getting close to a majority when the idea of recreational reform is in the room.

It is, as usual, recreational reform that is the icing on a medical cake that has yet to be baked. But that spice brownie is well on its way to the oven too. According to the British Medical Journal as of the beginning of July, the idea of broader access to regulated medical supplies for patients is mandatory.

And in the ranks of the conservative party, Crispin Blunt founded the Conservative Drug Policy Reform Group last September to lead Parliament in a long overdue discussion about the use of both medicinal and recreational cannabis use in the UK that formally “launched” during the last week of June.

But how the industry will develop here is also a big question in the room right now, especially with a country poised on the edge of one of the biggest constitutional questions in the country’s history – to Brexit or not, and how.

Justice Minister Crispin Blunt (right)
Photo courtesy of The UK Ministry of Justice, Flickr

The North American Influence Is Controversial

While Blunt, for example, sees no issue with injecting North American capital into the debate, there are others who are not so sanguine. And while the idea of Canadian reform is popular here, including the freedom of patients (and others) to grow small amounts themselves, the idea of Canadian companies influencing national policy is not. From The Daily Mail to The Guardian, there have been front page headlines about the coming financial influence of “The North Americans.”

That this discussion is also going on at a time when the UK is considering a completely new trade agreement with the world, including on pharmaceuticals, is not insignificant. Where the country’s drugs come from, far from cannabis, is absolutely on the table. Not to mention how much they cost.

Questions of basic access are likely, in other words, to be in the room for a long time here. The barriers to obtaining and filling a prescription start at its expense – which is ₤1,100 (about $1,400) per prescription. There are few people, let alone those who are chronically ill, who can afford the same. This is far from a “normalized” drug- even of last resort- at the NHS.So far, the number of actual cannabis patients in the UK (ones who go to a doctor for a prescription and fill it) is still under 100 people.

That said, it is a start. And for the first time, as of this summer, those with the money can in fact, obtain cannabis by prescription.

But what happens to those (the vast majority) who cannot? 

Patients Are Feeling Side-lined

Just as in national legalizing conversations in the United States and Canada so far, patients are being pushed aside for “the business” to take the conversation forward. But where does this business fall on matters of price and access?

So far, the number of actual cannabis patients in the UK (ones who go to a doctor for a prescription and fill it) is still under 100 people.

While patient groups are organizing, and the earliest ones to gain national attention, usually families whose children have been directly in the line of fire, are getting commercial ambitions themselves, the fact remains that patient voices are not the loudest ones in the room. Although as Blunt announced last week, he does not see recreational reform happening in the UK for the next five years.

That also means that every Canadian company entering the market (in particular) will have to continue to sing the same medical song they have been humming across Europe- at least in public.

The UK is NOT Germany – But It’s Not Canada Or The US Either…

No matter how much more “liberal” supposedly, the English people are on the whole CBD question (there is already far more CBD for sale in the UK than just about anywhere else), the UK market is still far behind Germany. Why? Since March 2017, insurance companies auf Deutschland have been required to cover the drug – from sprays and pills to floss when prescribed by a doctor.

There are, by latest calculations about 50,000 German patients.

That said, it is clear that the British do not seem to give a fig about the entire “novel food” discussion and are literally, in some cases, daring the police to raid stores and shut down establishments. The idea of rebellion against EU rules seems very obvious on the CBD front.

Beyond this, however, it is also clear that “Canadian” much less “American” cannabis reform is not necessarily the only model in town.

As the British, in other words, do finally embrace the cannabis question, it is very likely that the face of the same will be of a unique Limey strain all of its own.

The post Has Cannabis Reform Landed In The UK? appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.

The Pechoti Method: Can You Put Weed in Your Belly Button?

While there are the purists who swear by joints, cannabis users continue to find new ways to ingest the plant. There’s edibles, topicals, vaporizers, bongs, sodas, dabs, and sublinguals, to name a few. Perhaps it’s the creative powers of cannabis in action. One method of intake, known as the Pechoti Method, asks you to put cannabis oil in your belly button. While the Pechoti method has gained recent online attention, it’s far from new. While the exact date the Pechoti method came to existence is unclear, we know it’s used in Ayurveda traditions, an ancient Indian medical system known to be one of the oldest health care systems. So what is the Pechoti Method, how does it work, and who should use it? High Times spoke with a physician and naturopath to learn more.  

What is the Pechoti Method?

The Pechoti method, or Nabhi Chikitsa in Ayurveda traditions, refers to putting oil in the belly button for medicinal purposes. Oils such as tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil are often used for their antibacterial and antiviral properties. As cannabinoids are known to reduce nausea, fight inflammation, and kill cancer cells to name a few, it’s natural that Ayurvedic medicine practitioners turned to cannabis oil. As it’s not metabolized in your liver, it’s non-psychoactive.This delivery system is named after the Pechoti gland, which is believed to be located behind the belly button and continues to exist after the umbilical cord is cut.

“When you’re formed as a human all of your nutrition is going through your belly button,” says traditional naturopath and registered master herbalist Dr. Lakisha Jenkins. “That’s your source of nutrition from the time you begin to develop, so why can’t it be the rest of your life?” 

While Ayurveda traditions have an ancient tradition of using this gland, Western medicine isn’t convinced. It’s been reported by anecdotal sources the existence of a gland underneath the belly button.

“Through my study of anatomy, histology, embryology, and genetics I have never seen such a gland and wouldn’t be able to speak about the potential to receive essential oils as the Ayurvedic medicine recommends,” says cannabis researcher Carlos Rizo, MD.

How does it work?

“There are about 72,000 veins that run directly through your belly button throughout your entire body,” Dr. Jenkins says. “It’s directly connected to veins for your stomach.”

According to Dr. Jenkins, our gut contains many cannabinoid receptors and determines central nervous system disorders. Therefore, when you apply cannabis oil into the belly button, it’s systemically absorbed throughout the body. In Ayurveda, this method of intake is an integrated approach to endocrinology, both with cannabis and other herbs.

“Your endocrine system and hormones are the cause of a lot of the common ailments that are plaguing the human existence,” Dr. Jenkins says. She says to use the most organic and clean oil extraction that you could possibly have in order to get maximum efficacy, adding that Rick Simpson Oil also works.  

Who can benefit from it?

The Pechoti method is similar to cannabis suppositories, in that it’s systemic (absorbed by your whole system rather than localized) yet non-psychoactive. It’s an option for children or those who don’t react well or can’t ingest cannabis, such as a pregnant woman combating morning sickness or a cancer patient experiencing nausea and vomiting. However, anyone can put cannabis oil in their belly button. Dr. Jenkins says that people who have central nervous system disorders, neurological disorders, endocrine system insults, or gastro-intestinal issues, all of which are associated with chronic disease, can benefit from the Pechoti method.

“If you have reputable sources to teach us how the Pechoti method works, maybe patients that don’t tolerate cannabis may be able to use it,” says Dr. Rizo.  

Herbalists, naturopaths, and Ayurvedic and other traditional forms of method have trusted in this method of taking herbs strongly enough for it to pass the test of time. We need more research to understand its benefits fully, but you’re likely not going to hurt yourself by kicking back with some cannabis oil in your belly button.

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High Folks: K CAMP’s Hot, Rare Approach To The Cannabis Industry

Shining like the Black Sun, K CAMP is the center of attention in the visuals for his latest single Lottery. Throughout the video, he invites us to keep our eyes on him, while a group of hip-hop dancers amplify the vibrations that accompany the hard thump, bounce, and click of the track. “Lottery” is the first single released off of Wayy 2 Kritical, the rapper’s latest project with his in-house producer Bobby Kritcal, and it is only an introduction to the heatwave of energy surrounding the artist slash entrepreneur at this time in his career. 

K CAMP was raised in Northside Atlanta and has that recognizable “ATAlien” hunger to be bigger than life. He has had to shift his focus a lot since he first stepped on the Atlanta music scene back in 2009, and he has a new approach to life: learn the business of everything inside and out.

“I’m not the same K CAMP I was […] I’m more in my entrepreneurial artist lane,” he says. “It’s my duty to turn up for the whole team. We’re the black sheep. We’ve been in our own little world, but people look at the outcasts for influence. We like it. We’ve got our own fans, our own shit, and our own sound. With Wayy 2 Kritical, we’re standing on our tiptoes to clear the competition.”

The CEO of the RARE Sound music label isn’t just here to collaborate and add pressure to the rap music scene; he’s making a name for himself in the cannabis industry as well. He has partnered with Timeless Vapes to create the RARE Limited Edition Vaporizer and Battery Combination Pack for his fans who enjoy good weed and dope aesthetics.

“The creative process was really dope when creating this pen,” K CAMP exclaims with a deep, cool southern twang. “I wanted to create something upscale like a piece of art […] that my fans could really appreciate.” 

Courtesy of RARE Sound/Timeless Vapes

The vaporizer is minimalist, with a white and peach design paired with a black and grey flip case. According to Ryan Downing Manager of Collaborations at Timeless Vapes, collaborating with K CAMP only made sense. “Timeless has been a fan of K CAMP’s music, branding, and lifestyle for some time. We all decided it was time to link up and make this happen. Timeless Vapes is a lifestyle brand and K CAMP fit that mold perfectly for this collaboration,” says Downing. 

The company also has collections with rappers 2 Chainz and Dizzy Wright. 

When he first started indulging in cannabis, it was just for experiential purposes, but as he has gotten older and wiser, everything he does is a lot more intentional.

“I feel like I was the last one out of my partners to start smoking,” K CAMP shares with High Times. “I started smoking in high school at my partners trap house. They used to always smoke, [while] I just wanted to [play] NBA 2K. When I did hit my first blunt, I was laughing and geekin’ out of control. I finally got [used] to it, and I’ve been smoking ever since.” 

Once K CAMP started to build his own relationship with the plant, he became conscious of cannabis’ power to cultivate community, joy, and individuality, which are ideals that he advocates for through his music and business ventures.

“A lot of people beef [about] stupid shit, [but] weed calms your nerves, [it] helps you think a little bit, [and it] helps you get a little more creative,” he says.

“Cannabis directly helps create happier moments creatively and spiritually, so it’s definitely important for these low-income black communities to have access to the same cannabis being offered in suburban and trendy urban areas,” said K CAMP. “ At the end of the day, it’s the same with food. You don’t want to be putting stuff in your body that doesn’t meet a certain standard.” 

Recently, Illinois became the 11th state to legalize the sale and use of recreational cannabis. The state plans to expunge and pardon 800,000 residents with small non-violent cannabis charges and create social equity programs that prioritize individuals from low-income black communities that have been disproportionately affected by anti-cannabis legislation.

But in states like Georgia, where cannabis is only medicinal (low-THC oils), some lawmakers remain ignorant and forbidding about how the war on drugs has poorly affected black communities. A January 2019  report by the Drug Policy Alliance showed that in 2017, 73% of marijuana charges were handed out to blacks living in the state. 

“With drug laws having affected urban communities the hardest, I [want to] create a whole brand that can give back to those communities directly impacted by these archaic laws.  And I’m lucky enough to have great partners and a supportive team around me to really build the foundation for that,” says K CAMP.

ONLYONETWO, a ghostwriter, cannabis enthusiast, and the creative director for comedian, actor, and artist Spoken Reasons, says that the cannabis industry needs more African-Americans, like K CAMP, taking stake and ownership in the industry. “As long as he’s knowledgeable and producing clean [products] I’m all for it,” he shared via text.

K CAMP is in rare form, and he wants the world to understand that his vitality and uniqueness are unmatched, and he’s only going to shine brighter.

“I want you to say, ‘K CAMP is one of the greatest to ever do it’,” he leaves off. “They slept on us for so long, but we still come out on top. They said I wasn’t going to do it; now it’s bigger than life. I want to set an example as an artist and a businessman. I’m not afraid to push boundaries or speak what I feel. I just hope you think, ‘Damn, I want to do it like K CAMP did it’.”

The post High Folks: K CAMP’s Hot, Rare Approach To The Cannabis Industry appeared first on High Times.

New Study Finds Decreased Rates of Teen Pot Use in States With Legal Cannabis

A new study has found that the rate of cannabis use by teens has gone down in states that have legalized recreational marijuana. Results of the research were published online on Monday by JAMA Pediatrics.

To conduct the study, researchers analyzed survey data on marijuana use by 1.4 million teenagers from 1993 to 2017. During that time period, 27 states and Washington, D.C. legalized medical marijuana, while seven states legalized the recreational use of cannabis.

The study found that states with laws legalizing the recreational use of cannabis saw an 8 percent drop in the rate of teens who reported using marijuana during the previous 30 days and a decrease of 9 percent in the rate of frequent cannabis use. Frequent use was defined as the use of marijuana at least 10 times during the previous 30 days.

Mark Anderson, an associate professor in agricultural economics at Montana State University in Bozeman and lead author of the study, noted that states that had only legalized medical marijuana did not see an associated drop in teen use.

“Just to be clear we found no effect on teen use following legalization for medical purposes, but evidence of a possible reduction in use following legalization for recreational purposes,” said Anderson.

The researcher theorized in an email to Reuters that the drop in teen use in states with legal recreational cannabis could be caused by a decline in the number of people selling marijuana on the black market.

“It may actually be more difficult for teens to obtain marijuana as drug dealers are replaced by licensed dispensaries that require proof of age,” wrote Anderson. “Selling to minors becomes a relatively more risky proposition after the passage of these laws.”

Helping Teens Make Informed Decisions

Rebekah Levine Coley, a professor of developmental and educational psychology at Boston College who wasn’t involved in the research, said that legalization may lead to “increased parental supervision or discussions between parents and adolescents regarding the dangers of marijuana use in reaction to legalization and the resultant increases in political and news attention and perceived availability.”

Dr. Ellen Rome, head of the Center for Adolescent Medicine at Cleveland Clinic Children’s in Ohio, who also did not participate in the research, said that for conversations between parents and teens to be effective, two-way communication is key.

“Have frank discussions with your teen, where you ask first what they believe about teens and marijuana use before and after legalization,” Rome said. “Then share your own beliefs, and encourage dialogue – and ask what they believe will help prevent youth from using illegally.”

Another academic not involved in the study, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, a professor of pediatrics at Stanford University’s Division of Adolescent Medicine, said that discussions with parents and teens should be backed up with scientific information on the potential risks of cannabis.

“The other question is, are youth getting the message about the fact that using marijuana during adolescence is more harmful because of their brain development?” Halpern-Felsher said. “Given the legalization, we need more education around marijuana or cannabis use for youth and we don’t really have a lot of education.”

The post New Study Finds Decreased Rates of Teen Pot Use in States With Legal Cannabis appeared first on High Times.

Flooring Tips for Cannabis Growing Facilities

In the burgeoning cannabis market, grow facilities are facing more and more competition every day. New indoor cultivation enterprises are often being set up in formerly vacant industrial buildings and commercial spaces, while in other cases, companies are planning and constructing new grow facilities from the ground up. For all these establishments, continually lowering production costs while supplying the highest possible quality in ever-increasing yields is the way forward.

Whether in existing or new structures, concrete floors are ubiquitous throughout the majority of cannabis growing facilities. With the right treatment, these indoor concrete traffic surfaces can greatly contribute to a company achieving its operational objectives. Alternatively, insufficiently protected concrete floors can create annoying and costly barriers to accomplishing company goals.

Challenges in Cannabis Grow Facility Construction

As with any emergent industry, mainstream acceptance and market growth is bringing regulation to cannabis cultivation. Local governments are paying more attention to how cannabis growing facilities are constructed and operated. In addition to the standard business matters of building safety, employee working conditions and tax contributions, elected officials are increasingly under pressure from constituents to analyze the overall effect of grow facilities on their communities at large.

High consumption of energy for grow room lights and high water usage are just part of the equation. The temperature and humidity needs of a grow facility can be similar to that of an indoor swimming pool environment. While warmth and moisture are ideal for cannabis growth, they also provide the ideal conditions for the growth and proliferation of fungi and other undesirable microorganisms. Therefore, to help preserve plant health in the moist indoor climate, fumigation often comes into play.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) enrichment of grow room air, a common practice proven to increase crop yields, presents another set of safety and health considerations in dense urban environments.

Adding to these challenges, many cannabis grow facilities are producing plants destined for either pharmacological or nutritional use. This in itself demands scrutiny by regulators for the sake of the consuming public.

As a result, grow room managers and owners must stay informed about the evolution of the industry in terms of local and federal agency regulations concerning their facilities, their overall operation and their products.

Bare Concrete Floors in Grow Rooms

As a foundational construction material, concrete continues to lead the way in commercial and industrial construction. Despite the many advantages of concrete floors, when left unprotected they can present significant challenges specific to cannabis grow rooms.

  • Untreated, bare concrete is naturally porous, easily absorbing liquids and environmental moisture. Substances found in grow rooms, such as fertilizers, fungicides and other chemicals, can leach through the porous concrete floor slab into the soil and ground water. Whether organic or synthetic, concentrations of such substances can be highly detrimental to the surrounding environment.
  • Whether in an existing or newly constructed facility, it is not uncommon for the under-slab vapor barrier to be compromised during construction. When this occurs, moisture from the soil beneath the floor slab can enter the concrete and move osmotically upward, creating a phenomenon known as Moisture Vapor Transmission (MVT). The resulting moisture and moisture vapor tends to become ever more alkaline as it rises upward through the concrete slab. MVT can result in blistering, bubbles and other damage to floor coverings.
  • The warm temperatures, regular watering of plants and high relative humidity maintained within many grow rooms can contribute to a weakening of the structural integrity of unprotected grow room slabs.
  • Within the confined space of a grow room, the warm, moist air invites microbe proliferation. Food and pharmaceutical plants are high on the priority list when it comes to facility hygiene levels, as demanded by code.

Public health guidelines for cannabis cultivation facilities in various parts of the country are increasingly mirroring those of food processing. Typical requirements include having smooth, durable, non-absorbent floor surfaces that are easily cleaned and in good repair, possessing proper floor slope towards a sanitary floor drain, with no puddling, as well as an integral floor-to-wall cove base. These directives cannot be met with bare concrete alone.

Optimal Grow Room Flooring Performance

In some locations, cannabis growing facilities are already subject to strict building codes and regulations. This will no doubt be spreading to other regions in the near future. For example, the Public Health Agency of Los Angeles County publishes construction guidelines to ensure cannabis facility floors meet standards mirroring the food processing and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries, where sanitation, facility hygiene and safety are paramount. In these types of facilities, bare, unprotected concrete floor slabs are not allowed as a general rule, due to the material’s innate porosity and absorbency.

Flooring in grow rooms, like in their food and pharma industry counterparts, should optimally:

  1. Provide a monolithic and virtually seamless surface to help eliminate crevices, grout lines and other dark, damp locations where soil and pathogens tend to hide
  2. Be impervious and non-porous, providing a surface that can isolate toxic materials on the surface for proper clean-up where needed
  3. Enable correction or improvement of the floor slope for proper drainage, with no low spots to help avoid puddling
  4. Be installed with integral floor-to-wall cove options for easier wash-down and sanitizing
  5. Have the strength and thermal shock resistance, plus the tenacious bond, to undergo steam-cleaning and/or hot power washing, where needed
  6. Enable seamless, continuous surface installation over concrete curbs and containment areas
  7. Offer antimicrobial options for highly sensitive locations
  8. Demonstrate high compressive strength and impact resistance for durability under heavy loads
  1. Display excellent abrasion resistance, allowing the system to perform under grueling daily wear-and-tear
  2. Present customizable slip-resistance options that can be balanced with easy clean-ability
  3. Facilitate the use of floor safety markings, such as color-coded traffic and work area designations
  1. Be formulated with low odor, low-VOC chemistries that meet all EPA and similar regulations
  2. Be able to contribute LEED Green Building Credits, where desired
  3. Include options for refurbishing old or damaged concrete surfaces to allow reuse of existing facility resources, as opposed to having to be demolished, thus unnecessarily contributing to landfill waste
  4. Withstand and perform in continually damp grow room conditions, without degrading
  5. Be compliant with FDA, USDA, EPA, ADA, OSHA, as well as local regulations and/or guidelines
  6. Include MVT mitigating solutions where Moisture Vapor Transmission site issues are present
  7. Provide waterproofing underlayment options for multi-story facilities
  8. Demonstrate excellent resistance to a broad range of chemicals, fertilizers and extreme pH substances

Finding an affordable floor system with all the above features may seem like a tall order. Luckily, innovative manufacturers now offer cannabis facility flooring that meets sanitation, regulatory compliancy, durability and budgetary needs of growers.

Resinous Flooring Value for Cannabis Facilities

Choosing the right floor solutions for a given cultivation facility may be one of the most important decisions an owner or manager makes. Since floors are present throughout the structure, poor selection and compromised protection of concrete slabs can end up wreaking havoc with profits and yields over time.

Few facilities can afford the inconvenience and expense of an otherwise unnecessary floor repair or replacement. Having to suddenly move cumbersome plant beds and heavy pots in order to give workers access to the floor area can be headache. In addition, the unscheduled downtime and overall juggling of resources that invariably must take place make a strong case for investing in optimal grow room flooring from the start.

An excellent long-term value, professional-grade resinous floor systems present cannabis growers with a unique set of solutions for cultivation rooms. Not only does this type of flooring offer all the desirable features listed above, but also furnish a host of added benefits to grow room operations, including:

Very High Gloss Finish

  • Highly reflective floor surfaces enable light entering the space from overhead to bounce back upward, exposing the underside of leaves to the light and potentially increasing yields
  • Exceptionally high gloss floor finishes in light colors help make the most of your existing lighting sources, significantly increasing room illumination
  • Achieving greater illumination without adding fixtures helps reduce energy consumption and associated costs

Virtually Seamless Surface

  • Fluid-applied resin-based flooring provides an impermeable, monolithic surface that is exceptionally easy to clean and maintain
  • The virtually seamless finish of resinous coated floors greatly reduces the number of locations for soil, pathogens and microbes to gather
  • Resinous floors, by incorporating integral cove bases to eliminate ninety degree angles, correcting floor slope to eliminate puddling, and allowing for a virtually seamless surface, provide an optimally sanitary flooring solution

Outstanding Moisture Tolerance

  • Designed specifically for use in wet industrial environments, cementitious urethane flooring is a top choice for humid grow rooms
  • Also called “urethane mortar”, this type of floor can help mitigate certain undesirable site conditions, such as Moisture Vapor Transmission (MVT)

Chemical, Acid and Alkali Resistance

  • Whether organic or synthetic, many soil enhancers and substances used to eradicate undesirable fungi and pests can damage concrete and shorten the usable life of foundational slabs
  • Protecting concrete slabs with monolithic, non-absorbent and appropriately chemical resistant coating systems allows concrete to perform as designed, for as long as intended
  • A proper barrier coating on the floor allows spilled or sprayed substances to be properly cleaned up and disposed of, rather than allowing the liquids to seep through the porous slab, and into the surrounding natural environment

Added Safety

  • Resinous coating systems’ slip-resistance is completely customizable at the time of installation, enabling growers to request more traction in pedestrian walkways and less slip-resistance under raised beds.
  • Epoxy, urethane and polyaspartic resinous flooring systems accommodate the installation of safety and line markings, as well as varying colors to delineate specific work areas
  • The antimicrobial flooring options available from some manufacturers offer further hygiene support in highly sensitive facilities
  • Today’s industrial resinous floor coatings from reputable suppliers are very low to zero V.O.C. and compliant with EPA and other environmental regulations

Resinous coating systems provide ideal value to informed growers who require durable, reliable and long-lasting high performance flooring for their facilities.

Support from the Ground Up

From incredible medical advances to high tensile fiber in construction materials, the expanding cannabis industry is bringing exciting opportunities to many areas of the economy. As more and more growers enter the market, so increases the pressure to compete.

By choosing light reflective, seamless and moisture tolerant resinous flooring that meets regulatory guidelines for grow rooms, managers can help reduce their overhead costs on multiple fronts — and get a jump on the competition.

The post Flooring Tips for Cannabis Growing Facilities appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.

Environmental Sustainability in Cultivation: Part 2

The first article of this series discussed resource management for cannabis growers. In this second piece of the series on how indoor farming has a reduced impact on the environment, we’re going to look at land use & conservation. There are really two aspects and we have to be up front and acknowledge that while our focus is on legal cannabis farming, there’s a significant illegal industry which exists and is not subject to any environmental regulation.

“Streams in Mendocino run dry during the marijuana growing season impacting Coho salmon and steelhead trout who lay their eggs in the region’s waterways.” One biologist reported seeing “dead steelhead and Coho on a regular basis in late August and September, usually due to water reduction or elimination from extensive marijuana farming.” The quotes are from an extensive article on cannabis land use by Jessica Owley in the U.C. Davis Law Review.The concept that land will stay in its natural state is a mixture of idealism and reality.

This is going to continue until it’s more profitable to go legit. For this article, we’re going to focus on the legitimate cannabis grower. On the land use side, we usually hear four main reasons for indoor growing: remaining land can stay in its natural state, fewer space usually translates to fewer waste, you conserve land and natural resources when you don’t use fossil fuels, greenhouses can be placed anywhere.

The concept that land will stay in its natural state is a mixture of idealism and reality. Just because someone only has to farm five acres of land instead of one hundred acres doesn’t necessarily mean they’re going to leave the rest in its pristine natural state. Granted the footprint for automated greenhouses is significantly less but the key is what happens to that extra space. Assuming that it will all be preserved in its natural state isn’t realistic. What is realistic is the fact that a developer may not want to build tract houses abutting a commercial greenhouse operation. If they do, likely there’s going to be more land set aside for green space than if a farm was sold outright and a series of new homes were plunked down as if it were a Monopoly board.

Combined with workforce development program funding, urban indoor farming is getting more attractive every day.That’s not the same kind of issue in urban areas where the situation is different. Despite the economic boom of the past ten years, not every neighborhood benefitted. The smart ones took creative approaches. Gotham Greens started in Greenpoint, Brooklyn and has expanded to Chicago as well. “In early 2014, Gotham Greens opened its second greenhouse, located on the rooftop of Whole Foods Market’s flagship Brooklyn store, which was the first ever commercial scale greenhouse integrated into a supermarket.”

Green City Growers in Cleveland’s Central neighborhood is another example. “Situated on a 10-acre inner-city site that was once urban blight, the greenhouse—with 3.25 acres under glass–now serves as a vibrant anchor for the surrounding neighborhood.”

The beauty of greenhouse systems even those without greenhouse software, is they can be built anywhere because the environmental concerns of potentially contaminated soil don’t exist. The federal government as well as state and local governments offer a myriad of financial assistance programs to encourage growers to develop operations in their areas. Combined with workforce development program funding, urban indoor farming is getting more attractive every day.

As for the argument that greenhouses save energy and fossil fuels, I think we can agree that it’s pretty difficult to operate a thousand-acre farm using solar power. To their credit, last year John Deere unveiled a tractor that will allow farmers to run it as a fully autonomous vehicle to groom their fields while laying out and retracting the 1 kilometer long onboard extension cord along the way. It’s a start although I’ll admit to my own problems operating an electric mower without cutting the power cord.

In a 2017 article, Kurt Benke and Bruce Tomkins stated, “Transportation costs can be eliminated due to proximity to the consumer, all-year-round production can be programmed on a demand basis, and plant-growing conditions can be optimized to maximize yield by fine-tuning temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions. Indoor farming in a controlled environment also requires much less water than outdoor farming because there is recycling of gray water and less evaporation.”

The overall trend on fossil fuel reduction was verified this week when the Department of Energy announced that renewables passed coal for the first time in U.S. history.  And on the water issue, Ms. Owley had a salient point for cannabis growers. “The federal government will not allow federal irrigation water to be used to grow marijuana anywhere, even in states where cultivation is legal.” That’s not a minor detail and it’s why outdoor farming of cannabis is going to be limited in areas where water resources and water rights are hotly debated.

The post Environmental Sustainability in Cultivation: Part 2 appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.

Jay-Z Announces Partnership With Top Cannabis Company Caliva

Jay-Z is one of the most dynamic figures in contemporary culture. He is a master of
transformation, a modern-day alchemist who seems capable of turning virtually anything he
touches into part of an ever-growing cultural, artistic, business, and financial empire.

Now, he’s turning his attention to the legal cannabis space. And in typical Jay-Z form, his entry
into the legal industry is promising to be transformative—not only for the artist but for the
industry as a whole.

Jay-Z Announces New Partnership with Caliva

High Times has just learned that Jay-Z has formally entered a partnership with Caliva, a leading cannabis company based in California.

Founded in 2015, Caliva currently owns 14 cannabis licenses and is one of California’s largest
producers of cannabis and cannabis products, cultivating nearly 11,000 pounds of cannabis
annually.

Under the terms of the new partnership, Jay-Z will take over as Caliva’s Chief Brand Strategist.
In this role, he will spearhead the development of the company’s industry-facing and
customer-facing brand.

At this time, it is unclear exactly when Jay-Z will take over his new post. Similarly, the company
has not yet disclosed any financial details regarding the partnership.

An Industry-Wide Milestone?

For many in the cannabis space, Jay-Z’s formal entry into the legal industry has implications that
extend far beyond his work with Caliva.

Specifically, many see Jay-Z’s presence in the industry as a strong indicator of just how much cannabis’ cultural, legal, and economic status has evolved. His entry is also being hailed as a marker of where the legal industry is today and how big it’s becoming.

“Jay is one of the most successful businessmen of our time, and one of the largest brands in entertainment himself,” said High Times CEO and President Kraig Fox. “As we’ve said before, 2019 is the year of the brand for cannabis. Jay-Z entering the space is clear evidence of that.”

Transforming the Cannabis Industry

Given Jay-Z’s natural ability to transform, the Brooklyn pusher-turned worldwide musical
phenom-turned business mogul-turned cannabis industry leader is already focusing on
transforming the industry.

Specifically, he’s taking aim at social inequities that continue to plague cannabis both under the War on Drugs and within the legal industry. This is familiar territory for the rapper, who released a short film in 2016 in which he called the War on Drugs an “epic fail.”

According to Caliva, Jay-Z will focus on creating programs to enable formerly incarcerated folks
to enter the legal cannabis industry. He will reportedly focus on advocacy, job training, and
overall employee and workforce development. And through it all, his focus will remain squarely
on empowering those most harmed by the War on Drugs.

“Anything I do, I want to do correctly and at the highest level,” Jay-Z told High Times. “With all
the potential in the cannabis industry, Caliva’s expertise and ethos make them the best partners
for this endeavor. We want to create something amazing, have fun in the process, do good and
bring people along the way.”

Efforts like these are much needed in the cannabis space. Far too often, people arrested for cannabis-related offenses under prohibition find themselves locked out of the legal cannabis space after they’re released. And this creates a scenario in which cannabis’ original entrepreneurs are squeezed out of the very industry they helped pioneer.

Given all this, Jay-Z’s socially conscious entry into the legal space could bring some powerful
transformative energy.

“Jay’s focus on developing opportunities for those hurt by the prohibition of cannabis is not only smart for the business bottom line, but crucial to dismantling the decades of consequence bestowed on the segments of the population who were disproportionately impacted by the War on Drugs,” said Fox.

The post Jay-Z Announces Partnership With Top Cannabis Company Caliva appeared first on High Times.

New Subscription Service Ships Concentrates Directly to Consumers

California cannabis manufacturer Apex Extractions announced on Tuesday that it is launching a new subscription program that will deliver top-quality cannabis concentrates directly to California consumers. The Apex Fresh Club, as the program is known, will send a selection of three concentrates with cannabis sourced from some of California’s finest cultivators to a discerning clientele.

The Fresh Club

Scott Benson and Ted Hicks, who share the reigns as co-chief executive officers at the company, said in a press release that the new service will allow consumers who have come to trust the quality of Apex Extractions a regular opportunity to enjoy its premier offerings.

“The response to our products has been overwhelming, and optimizing our clients’ experience is our biggest priority,” they said. “Introducing this subscription service will help us get our product in the hands of cannabis connoisseurs quickly providing the best possible experience.”

Benson said in an interview with High Times that The Apex Fresh Club will be a way to connect artisan growers in California with consumers who have an affinity for top-shelf cannabis concentrates, allowing them to realize the full potential of each strain offered.

“I think this subscription program is really important for people who want great products and we really want to serve that market,” said Benson.

Each month, subscribers will receive a curated selection of three of the finest concentrates currently available from Apex for $139, including state excise tax. Offerings will feature some of the best concentrates available from California’s small-crop cultivators, including winners of the High Times Cannabis Cup. 

The club will be the best opportunity to acquire the concentrates that are most in demand, Benson noted, saying that “some of them are going to be really rare because it’s going to be really small boutique batches.”

Cutting Out the Middle Man

The key to bringing cannabis connoisseurs the finest quality concentrates, he explained, is getting them into the hands of customers as quickly as possible. To do this, the Apex Fresh Club avoids the usual retail supply chain, allowing it’s delivery partners to deliver each month’s selections at the peak of freshness, giving them the opportunity to enjoy each concentrate while terpene and flavor profiles are at their best.

 “And if you love it as a subscriber,” Benson added, “then it will be at the stores afterward and it’ll still have a great taste profile, but you will have gotten to experience it first, at it’s prime.”

When customers sign up for the Apex Fresh Club on the company’s website, they will be given the opportunity to customize their experience by rating their preferences for sativa, indica, or hybrid dominant strains and whether they’d like concentrates or live resin in disposable vape pens and vape cartridges. Carts should be available beginning with the August shipment.

To preserve the quality of its extracts, Apex worked with hardware manufacturers to produce pens and cartridges that operate at a lower temperature and deliver the best terpene profile and flavor. Benson explained that many pens and cartridges on the market have coils that heat the product to too high a temperature, destroying terpenes and giving the remaining concentrate a burnt taste. The Apex Fresh Club solves that problem with its premium hardware.

Oakland-based Apex Extractions has been producing top-quality full-spectrum concentrates since the beginning of Calfornia’s regulated cannabis market in January 2018. The company has earned numerous awards for its products, including High Times Cannabis Cup winners such as Banana Pudding and Sled Dawg selections as Best Sativa Concentrate, Papaya Sauce for Best Indica Concentrate, and Best Hybrid Concentrate trophies for a Starburst OG x Dosido and Wedding Crasher #18. Apex Extractions concentrates, pens, and vape cartridges are available at licensed dispensaries throughout California.

The post New Subscription Service Ships Concentrates Directly to Consumers appeared first on High Times.