Cannabis Smuggling Arrests at LAX Up 166% Since Legalization

Arrests for cannabis smuggling at Los Angeles International Airport are up 166 percent since the legalization of marijuana in California, according to a report from the Los Angeles Times. Officials at LAX reported that cannabis was discovered in checked luggage and carryon bags 503 times last year. In 2017 there were 400 reports for marijuana possession at the airport while in 2016, the year California voters legalized cannabis with the passage of Proposition 64, pot was found on 282 occasions. About 20 percent of those reports involved trafficking and the rest were related to passengers who had been found possessing weed or cannabis products in quantities consistent with personal use.

In 2018, Los Angeles Airport Police made 101 trafficking arrests, compared with 38 in 2017 and only 20 trafficking arrests in 2016, according to LAX police records. Ben Kroger, Jr., a criminal defense attorney that specializes in cannabis law, said that the legalization of marijuana in California and a resulting drop in prices has made smuggling weed to other jurisdictions a lucrative proposition.

“Since pot’s been legalized in California, there’s no money to be made because everyone got involved in it,” Kroger said. “They’ve got these big 50,000-square-foot [grow] houses, and they’re flooding the market. The money is outside of California.”

Kroger recently represented a client who had been caught at LAX with 70 pounds of cannabis in vacuum sealed bags packed in his checked baggage. The man had been brought to the attention of police after he discretely asked another passenger waiting for a flight to Philadelphia if she wanted to join his “drug smuggling ring.”

“This is normal procedure for these guys, and I would say 29 out of 30 times they make it through without a problem,” said Kroger.

LAX isn’t the only airport in California seeing a surge in cannabis smuggling after legalization. Sgt. Ray Kelly of the Alameda County Sheriff’s Office, which has jurisdiction over Oakland International Airport, said that officers in his department are also finding pot headed for resale in other states.

“We intercept large quantities of marijuana regularly,” said Kelly. “We find it in about 50-pound quantities … the carry-on rate for luggage. I would imagine we’re only intercepting some of it, not all of it.”

Most Passengers Found with Pot at LAX Released

The vast majority of passengers found to be possessing pot at LAX are caught with less than an ounce of weed, an amount now legal under California law. In accordance with a new airport policy that went into effect last year, those caught with legal quantities of weed at the airport are no longer subject to arrest by local law enforcement.

“In accordance with Proposition 64, the Los Angeles Airport Police Department will allow passengers to travel through LAX with up to 28.5 grams of marijuana and 8 grams of concentrated marijuana. However, passengers should be aware that marijuana laws vary state by state and they are encouraged to check the laws of the states in which they plan to travel,” reads an online posting of the policy.

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Toronto Police Seize $17 Million in Drugs During Large-Scale Bust

Nearly 29 kilograms of powder cocaine and 20 kilograms of phenacetin to cut it with. Almost 700 kilograms of the crystal methamphetamine precursor ephedrine and a sizable amount of ketamine and crystal meth. About $308,000 in cash, likely proceeds from selling drugs. And exactly 3,905 illegally-grown cannabis plants. That’s the haul—about $17 million worth—Toronto police brought in as a result of a large scale drug bust on April 25, 2019, when the Organized Crime Enforcement Drug Squad executed 29 search warrants and netted eight arrests.

“Project Dos” Drug Investigation Makes Historic Bust

Officers involved in April’s drug bust are calling it the largest seizure of illegal narcotics by Canadian police in history. The Toronto Police Service held a news conference about the raids on Thursday, explaining that all 29 search warrants were connected to a large-scale illegal drug distribution investigation codenamed “Project Dos.”

TPS executed the search warrants across the province of Ontario, in Toronto, Vaughan, Kitchener and Stoney Creek. But the bulk of the arrests took place in Toronto, where seven individuals ranging from 19 to 38 years of age were taken into custody. All are facing multiple high-level drug trafficking charges and possession of proceeds of crime charges. According to a news release, Toronto police say the illegal drug distribution network was large enough to generate profits in the tens of millions of dollars.

The suspects are scheduled to appear in court at Old City Hall on Wednesday, June 12.

Canada’s Legalization of Cannabis Lets Police Prioritize High-Level Organized Crime

The cocaine, cannabis, cash and chemicals Toronto police seized as a result of Project Dos raids likely represents a not-insignificant portion of illicit substances and proceeds from the illegal drug market. And that’s exactly the kind of law enforcement action many marijuana legalization advocates hoped would come about as a result of ending the criminalization of marijuana.

There are still plenty of marijuana-related crimes on the books in Canada, of course. There are laws against cultivating cannabis without a license or selling it without a license, and against distributing it or manufacturing it without a license. Edibles are still unauthorized on the retail market. But unless they’re caught under the influence of THC behind the wheel or driving with an open container, cannabis consumers have little to fear under Canada’s historic Cannabis Act.

Yet Canadian police agencies have been relentlessly pursuing unauthorized cannabis operators, especially retailers. These controversial enforcement actions have highlighted inequalities in Canada’s emerging retail cannabis industry. Some have argued that the limited availability and accessibility of legal, authorized cannabis retailers excludes low income individuals and people with disabilities.

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Chuck Schumer, Hakeem Jeffries Reintroduce Bill to Federally Decriminalize Marijuana

Another year, another federal marijuana decriminalization bill proposal? It’s starting to seem that way for Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, who has joined forces with New York representative Hakeem Jeffries on Schumer’s second decriminalization bill in two years.

“The Marijuana Freedom and Opportunity Act is a phenomenal step forward in terms of social, racial, and economic justice in the context of what many people view as the failed War on Drugs that has been with us for decades,” said Jeffries in a homey video that the men released on Friday as part of the bill’s announcement. They shot the clip in the neighborhood both men grew up in, at Brooklyn’s BRIC arts and culture center.

Central to the bill — which will be introduced in both houses by the dynamic duo — is the re-scheduling of cannabis so that the drug is no longer include on the federal list of controlled substances. That will allow states some wiggle room in crafting their own legislation around marijuana, and alleviate some of the worries of current cannabis providers and users that they could be subject to federal prosecution down the line for their connection to the plant.

It will also dictate a certain level of support for small entrepreneurs in any resulting legal industries. “Let’s not have some big fancy corporation, some big tobacco company make all the money,” says Schumer in the video. The bill will include coordination through the Small Business Administration to support new business owners who are women and/or people of color.

Given the wave of decriminalization measures that have recently passed across the country, timing makes sense for the introduction of the federal bill. Even in the South, certain states are making progress towards rejecting small time marijuana crime prosecution.

New Mexico’s governor passed decriminalization legislation last month. West Virginia voters will get a chance to vote on the issue, Alabama’s most populous county announced it would no longer prosecute marijuana misdemeanors, and up in New York state, prosecutors have dismissed possession warrants. In Texas, the House of Representatives approved a decriminalization bill last week, but the legislation was pronounced deceased when it reached the state’s Senate. (Dallas isn’t waiting around for state-level go-ahead, however; the city recently saw its own seismic shakeup in terms of misdemeanor prosecution.)

Though Senate Republicans, as ever, present a considerable obstacle to the passage of Jeffries and Schumer’s bill, it remains unclear that the president will be a problem in its passage. Trump — whose former aide just got going in the cannabis biz — signaled approval for Senator Cory Gardner’s cannabis legalization bill last year.

The pair of Brooklyn legislators remain hopeful that 2019 could be marijuana’s national decriminalization moment. Jeffries even sees the federal decriminalization bill as the natural next move after the First Step Act, another law that he co-sponsored and which was signed into effect by the president in April.

Of course, what the Marijuana Freedom and Opportunity Act does not do is legalize cannabis, instead allowing those decisions happen in state capitols across the country. “What we’re saying is very simple; let each state do what it wants,” summed up Schumer.

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Taking on Corporate Cannabis: The Rise of Pure CBD Exchange

With such a high number of CBD brands, a constant barrage of misinformation , and a general lack of regulation, it can be difficult knowing who to trust when it comes to buying hemp products. Low budget websites, social media scammers, multilevel marketing companies, and obscure celebrity endorsements pollute the airwaves with useless products, deals that are too good to be true, and exaggerated medical claims. Quality-oriented homegrown brands now compete to fend off bandwagon-hopping corporate invaders who see nothing but a sexy bottom line. All this boils down to the biggest question in the national CBD industry: who can consumers trust?

Since their inception, this is the question that Pure CBD Exchange and Aspen Valley Hemp Company exist to answer. These companies have discovered that there’s more to creating trust than just a polished appearance or a fancy marketing campaign. Trust is measured by a company’s genuine concern for what people are putting into their bodies and making sure that it provides as much relief as possible. Trust is knowing your patient and doing right by them. Few people can claim to know cannabis and its consumers as intimately as Pure CBD Exchange founder Dillon Gross.

Courtesy of Pure CBD Exchange

Laying Down Roots

Gross has been in the cannabis industry since the earliest days of Colorado legalization and even operated dispensaries for what became the largest retailer in Colorado. This time spent behind the counter introduced him to tens of thousands of customers ranging from college kids looking for a buzz to elderly people trying to cope with daily pain. These everyday conversations led to a deep understanding of the different goals users were seeking with their cannabis use. Each individual had a different story with cannabis, whether they were brand new to it or fighting years of stigma.

“When you’re dealing face-to-face with locals, whether it’s in an urban dispensary or in a mountain town like Aspen, you’ve got to earn people’s trust,” Gross said. “You can’t look someone in the eye and sell them products you don’t believe in. You have to listen, and you have to deliver quality.”

Courtesy of Pure CBD Exchange

The Path to Quality

Quality can be an elusive concept in cannabis. It took Gross years of experience running stores, developing product lines, wholesaling, and testing products to truly filter through all of the nonsense. A well-intended desire to differentiate yourself as a brand can often lead companies to overcomplicate the definitions of quality. Sometimes creating the highest caliber product means being on the cutting-edge, but when it comes to plant-based medicine, the path to quality is most often found by going back to nature.

For example, some will preach the benefits of hyper-purified CBD isolate, though it loses
much of its value when stripped away from other cannabinoids. Some preach the values of
nanotechnology and particulate sizes that haven’t been scientifically proven to do anything but
intimidate customers into spending extra cash. The further you go in attempting to purify
something that was already effective, the more you remove it from its original composition. The
goal of curating CBD products should be an end result that resembles a rich profile of terpenes
and a full spectrum of diverse cannabinoids.

Courtesy of Pure CBD Exchange

Full spectrum, Full circle

Pure CBD Exchange provides clean organic full spectrum oils while their newest brand, Aspen Valley Hemp Company , provides the flower itself. Aspen Valley enables consumers to use hemp in the way they choose, the way that best fits their lifestyle. Pure CBD creates quality Co2 extracted oils that provide patients with potent products that capture the essence of the plant. Both companies focus on inclusion and practicality by selling products at accessible price points. For some, CBD is only a practical treatment if it can be used daily—something that can’t be accomplished if prices are astronomically high.

A focus on quality and affordability is the patient-first mentality that allowed Pure CBD Exchange to grow from a tiny unfunded start-up, into a leader in CBD e-commerce. Superior trust, experience, and higher standards have put the company in an excellent position to continue to expand throughout the nation as the CBD market booms in the coming years.

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The High Times Mother’s Day Gift Guide For Your Favorite Lifted Ladies

Two things: she raised you and quite frankly, you may be one of the reasons she uses cannabis in the first place. Moms hold us down in ways we can only begin to fathom, and as such they deserve to be honored not one, but 365 days of the year. To get you started, we picked out some of our favorite gifts, in case the lady in your life enjoys a gentle high as much as you do.

Courtesy of Lagunitas

CannaCraft

Got a beer-loving momma, perhaps one who is cutting back on the suds in favor of marijuana? There’s a rather refreshing drink on the market that she might welcome in a beautifully-wrapped cooler this Mother’s Day. Santa Rosa’s CannaCraft linked with Petaluma-based Lagunitas Brewery last year to create Hi-Fi Hops, an alcohol and carb-free mineral water infused with just enough cannabinoids to provide a cute kick, coming to live from the sun-grown buds of CannaCraft’s AbsoluteXtracts line.

Check the 5mg THC, 5mg CBD Hi-Fi Hops blend for a mellow experience, or if Mom’s into a headier sip, there’s a 10mg THC version. The product comes in a brown bottle that serves as a visual trick, feigning beer-ness when the liquid inside actually has a lot more to do with a tasty Topo Chico.

A note: this is not the corporate-free bev one might expect from the local labeling. Heineken acquired Lagunitas back in 2017, the same year the microbrewery put out SuperCritical Ale, an actual boozy beer whose hoppy taste mingled with cannabis terpenes. In the face of dropping beer sales, many of the world’s biggest alcohol companies are in the process of churning out some of their own cannabis beverages. Basically, the mom described above is not the only one thinking it’s time to go green.

Price: $10 per 12 oz. bottle, available in California

Courtesy of Goldleaf

Goldleaf

We’ve suggested Goldleaf’s elegant prints as gifts before — last year, we hyped the brand’s collaborations with Colorado dispensary Lightshade for dad. Truth be told, the line has a plethora of gifts for the design-wild cannabis lover, from flashcards that teach peer-reviewed scientific marijuana facts to the knowledge-hungry, to the recently released Cooking Journal, which unites helpful dosing calculations, creative terpene flavor pairings curated by Jamie Evans a.k.a. The Herb Somm, and recipe templates for the seasoned cannabis cook.

But our must-have for Mom this year may well be this print from the ikebana line Goldleaf dreamed up with Broccoli Magazine, the women-run, design-oriented cannabis print magazine often seen as a front-runner in promoting diversity in the weed media world. Not only does the image perfectly express the brands’ commitment to making cannabis lovely, it’s also a totem for changing marijuana culture. With this arching arrangement on her wall, Mom will be opening up her visitors’ minds to the possibilities of the plant in 2019. In other words, a decor option that proves that marijuana has moved far beyond the (albeit wonderful!) Cheech and Chong tie-dye vibes of their college days. A high more chic, you could say.

Price: $23.99 (maple or walnut poster rails $35.99), available online

Courtesy of Etain

Etain

Or maybe Mom has rather simple needs when it comes to her marijuana. She’s not that into bubbly drinks or fun wall hangings — she uses cannabis to feel better, in the most efficient way possible. If that’s the case (and you’re located in New York state), check out the offerings from women-run, family-operated company Etain Health. Their products come in four different THC-CBD ratios, and in forms like lozenges, tinctures, vaporizers, and oral spray. The company also produces a water-soluble powder, unique to New York, that can be dissolved in beverages for fast-acting relief.

COO Hillary Peckham was the youngest person to be given a medical marijuana license in New York — a victory that meant a lot to her, given the help that cannabis provided when a failed hip surgery kept her from walking comfortably for two years.

Price: High CBD “Dolce” vaporizer $135, available in New York State

Courtesy of MagicalButter

MagicalButter

Gone are the days in which Mom is forced to labor over a hot stove, stirring her cannabis butter for hours just to make a decent batch of brownie. You know she has a lot on her plate these days — but her lipid game need not suffer as long as she has you to drop one of the most sensible $175 that you’ve ever spent. For you, her wise offspring, have caught wind of the MagicalButter MB2e, which bills itself as “the first countertop botanical extractor designed for creating recipes infusing the essence of healthy herbs.”

The machine is automated, with a built in thermostat, can be operated with the push of two buttons, and is about the size of a thicc coffee thermos. With this baby, Mom can make weed butter with the same amount of ease as a crockpot meal.

Another plus: no need for Mom to limit the usage of this handy gadget to ganja. Any herb, from rosemary to lavender can be processed with the MB2e, and the output is far from restricted to butters — it can be used to convert your favorite plant into oil, infused grain alcohol, tinctures, or a body lotion.

Price: $174.95, available online

Courtesy of Caitlin Rose Sweet

Caitlin Rose Sweet

Sure, you could get her a nice bouquet this year, but we recommend that among the peonies and birds of paradise you stick in one of this Brooklyn-based artisan’s lovely, smokable buds.

Caitlin Rose Sweet is a queer ceramicist whose work honors the body and looks to ornament the small moments of ritual in our lives. She has a lovely line of smoking accoutrement from lemons to vaginas to fast food to globular breasts (their nipples serve as the mouthpiece) and witchy hands that work as incense burners — or in a pinch, ashtrays — we also love her sweet little rosebud chillums.

Mom will love that her gift purchase put money in the pocket of an artist who has been working in weed since well before the era of Coachella cannabis flower hair wreaths. You will likely get lost for a hot minute on Sweet’s website while selecting the perfect prize for la madre; her conceptual art includes warped and woven cozy caves that encourage mental flight.

Price: $60, available online

Courtesy of Bhang

Bhang

Of course, there’s nothing wrong with getting Mom a nice sweet with a cannabis kick. We’re nearly sure that she won’t mind something from Bhang Chocolates, which was founded in 2010 — a timeline that makes the company one of the old-timers of the edibles industry at this point.

The brand’s aim is to become one of the best-known marijuana chocolate brands in the world. With such lofty ambitions, it goes to figure they know what’s up when it comes to taste. The minty 42.5g ice chocolate bar comes divided into 10 milk chocolate squares, each with 10mg of THC — that’s a lot of power for Momma on her day of days.

Bonus: word on the street is the line of chocolates will soon be available in Canada, so there will be a wide geographic coverage for this particular line of dolce vida.

Price: Ice chocolate bar 100mg $18, available in select dispensaries

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Attorneys General from 33 States Call for Passage of Cannabis Banking Bill

Attorneys general from 33 states and five federal territories called for passage of a bill pending in the U.S. Congress that would allow legal cannabis businesses access to the banking industry. In a letter sent to congressional leaders on Wednesday, the National Association of Attorneys General called for the approval of the Secure and Fair Enforcement Banking Act, also known as the SAFE Banking Act.

“Our banking system must be flexible enough to address the needs of businesses in the various states and territories, with state and territorial input, while protecting the interests of the federal government,” the letter reads. “This includes a banking system for marijuana-related businesses that is both responsive and effective in meeting the demands of our economy,”

The SAFE Banking Act was introduced in March by Democratic Rep. Ed Perlmutter of Colorado and approved by the House Financial Services Committee later that month. Due to federal drug and money laundering regulations, even cannabis businesses operating legally under state laws are often unable to obtain financial services regularly used by other industries. Consequently, companies in the cannabis industry often do business only in cash, putting the firms and their employees at substantial risk. The SAFE Banking Act would protect financial institutions who do business with legal cannabis businesses and likely make more banks willing to serve the industry.

Restrictions Make Regulation Difficult

The letter, which was signed by a bipartisan group of the nation’s top prosecutors, noted that current restrictions make regulation of the legal cannabis industry more difficult.

“The resulting grey market makes it more difficult to track revenues for taxation and regulatory compliance purposes, contributes to a public safety threat as cash-intensive businesses are often targets for criminal activity, and prevents proper tracking of billions in finances across the nation,” the attorneys general wrote.

Xavier Becerra, the attorney general for California, the nation’s largest legal pot market, said in a statement that the bill “would reward taxpayers and small and local licensed businesses who play by the rules,” and support economic development.

“This is simple: not incorporating an $8.3 billion industry into our banking system is hurting our public safety and economy,” said Becerra.

The letter was signed by the attorneys general for Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California Connecticut, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

It was also signed by attorneys general from five other jurisdictions including the District of Columbia, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

The SAFE Banking Act (H.R. 1595) is currently pending before the House Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security. The bill has so far garnered 175 cosponsors in the House of Representatives, which represents more than 40 percent of the votes needed to pass in that body.

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Jacksonville, Florida City Council Member Files Bill to Decriminalize Marijuana

A member of the Jacksonville, Florida city council filed a bill on Thursday that would decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana. The measure, the Jacksonville Civil Citation for Small Quantity Marijuana Possession Ordinance, would give law enforcement officers the option to issue a civil citation for possession of 20 grams or less of cannabis. The bill was authored by Councilman Garrett Dennis, who said in a statement that the ordinance would allow police to concentrate on more serious matters.

“Our officers’ focus should be on violent crimes, and although illegal, possessing 20 grams or less of marijuana should not be life-altering,” said Dennis. “Civil citations would be the first step in minimizing arrests, but still holding the individual accountable.”

Alluding to efforts to legalize the use of recreational cannabis by adults in Florida at the state level, the councilman added that “having an option to issue a civil citation would essentially support legislation coming out of Tallahassee, and ultimately assist with the overcrowding of our jails and the court system.”

Bill Would Impose Fines Instead of Jail Time

If passed, those cited under the ordinance with possession of 20 grams or less of marijuana would face a fine of $100 instead of jail time. Offenders would also have the option of completing 10 hours of community service instead of the fine.

Dennis, who represents Jacksonville’s District 9, said that his constituents have been calling for reform of the city’s cannabis policy to help avoid the collateral damage inherent in criminal convictions for even minor offenses.

“During my reelection campaign, I spoke to many citizens whose lives were thrown into a downward spiral due to possessing minimal amounts of marijuana,” he said. ” Families were in debt because of legal issues, loss of employment or the inability to secure gainful employment; based on these misdemeanor arrests.”

Under the ordinance, an individual could receive a maximum of three civil citations for possessing small amounts of marijuana. If an offender charged under the proposed law fails to pay the imposed fine or complete the required hours of community service, they could face a fine of $500 instead.

Dennis’ bill seems to punish those who choose to fully exercise their right to due process under the law. Civil citations issued under the ordinance can be challenged in court, but if a judge finds that a violation occurred, the offender faces a fine of $500 instead of $100.

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Según estudios,el uso de psicodélicos se relaciona con un mayor bienestar.

A pesar de su clasificación como sustancias de Lista I, los científicos y psicólogos (y el famoso C.I.A.) han realizado estudios sobre psicodélicos durante décadas.

El uso terapéutico de psicodélicos como el LSD y la psilocibina, u hongos mágicos, han sido un punto focal de esta investigación para entender si las psicoterapias basadas en psicodélicos pueden tratar la depresión, la ansiedad, el TEPT, el abuso de sustancias y otros problemas de salud mental. Además, los investigadores también están interesados ​​en comprender cómo los psicodélicos generalmente afectan a la psicología humana, incluso en individuos sanos.

Sin embargo, a pesar de los hallazgos alentadores y convincentes que arrojan los estudios psicodélicos, la actitud general hacia los psicodélicos no ha cambiado. Los tratamientos médicos y terapéuticos con LSD u hongos mágicos no son objeto de debates a nivel legislativo, a diferencia del cannabis. Los psicodélicos y su uso permanecen en los márgenes, y las comunidades de “psiconautas” comprometidos con el misticismo psicodélico son los más afectados. Pero un nuevo estudio pionero titulado “Predicción de respuestas a los psicodélicos: un estudio prospectivo” podría cambiarlo todo. Publicado el viernes en la revista científica Frontiers of Pharmacology, un equipo de investigadores de EE. UU. Y EE. UU. Dice que su estudio muestra vínculos directos entre el uso de psicodélicos y el aumento del bienestar psicológico.

Un estudio innovador dice que el uso de psicodélicos aumenta el sentido de bienestar

La mayoría de las personas que han experimentado con psicodélicos, o que los usan de forma regular, probablemente aprecien la dificultad de predecir cómo van a reaccionar ante una dosis determinada. Esa misma incertidumbre existe también en la literatura científica. Los científicos no tienen un buen sentido de cómo predecir y medir las respuestas a los psicodélicos. Pero poder hacerlo es esencial para determinar el potencial terapéutico de los psicodélicos.

Para abordar esa brecha, los investigadores diseñaron un estudio para mejorar qué tan bien podemos predecir las respuestas agudas (leídas: inmediatas) y a largo plazo a los psicodélicos. E invitaron a más de 650 personas que, a través de su propia iniciativa, planearon tomar un psicodélico para participar en una encuesta en línea sobre sus experiencias. Los participantes realizaron una encuesta en cinco puntos temporales diferentes. La primera, antes de que tomaran psicodélicos; la segunda, el día de tomar uno, formando una “línea de base”; el tercero, directamente después de la experiencia, luego dos veces más a las dos semanas y cuatro semanas después de tomar la psicodélica. Esto lo convierte en un “estudio prospectivo”, ya que recopila datos a medida que el estudio avanza, y no después. El diseño prospectivo proporciona a los investigadores una mejor comprensión de las relaciones de causa y efecto, algo que ha eludido a los investigadores psicodélicos durante años.

Al analizar los datos de la encuesta, los investigadores pudieron sacar algunas conclusiones muy significativas. No solo pudieron determinar los factores que condujeron a una mejor experiencia en comparación con un mal viaje, sino que también pudieron evaluar cómo la experiencia de un sujeto afectó su sentido personal de bienestar. Y sus conclusiones son aún más convincentes. Según los investigadores, el uso de psicodélicos, con pocas excepciones, aumenta la sensación de bienestar de una persona.

Los investigadores analizan la anatomía del “Tripping”
Entonces, ¿cómo llegaron las investigaciones a la notable conclusión de que el uso psicodélico aumenta el bienestar? Primero, rompieron la anatomía de una experiencia psicodélica para ver si había algún factor que les permitiera predecir experiencias positivas o negativas. Ellos tomaron en cuenta el “conjunto” de los participantes o su actitud mental hacia la toma de psicodélicos. En otras palabras, su mentalidad va en la experiencia. Además, consideraron las intenciones del sujeto para tomar un psicodélico. Las intenciones van desde querer una experiencia mística hasta recreación y confrontar sentimientos y recuerdos difíciles. Finalmente, los investigadores consideraron el entorno de la experiencia. ¿Los usuarios psicodélicos estaban en un espacio que los hacía sentir cómodos y seguros? ¿Cómo influyó eso en su experiencia?

Además de esos factores contextuales, los investigadores también dividieron la experiencia psicodélica en tres componentes. Por un lado, está la experiencia cumbre intensa y epifánica “de tipo místico”. Por otro lado, está la experiencia “desafiante”, el proverbial “mal viaje”. Para ambos, los investigadores recopilaron datos sobre la presencia de efectos visuales y alucinaciones. También registraron lo que los investigadores llaman “factores extra-farmacológicos”, cosas como el estado de ánimo, la personalidad, la actitud, la perspectiva, etc.

Usando esta compleja configuración experimental, los investigadores enviaron dos hipótesis relacionadas. Uno, ese bienestar subjetivo aumentaría sustancialmente dos semanas después de la experiencia psicodélica. Y dos, que la naturaleza de la experiencia psicodélica (buen viaje o mal viaje) predeciría la magnitud del cambio en el bienestar subjetivo. Pero lo que encontraron superó sus expectativas.

Tener un buen “trip” con psicodélicos aumenta el bienestar psicológico
Vamos a desglosar lo que concluyó el estudio.

Primero, las investigaciones dicen que sus datos apoyan el principio general de que los psicodélicos mejoran el bienestar psicológico, incluso en individuos que ya están sanos. Para los investigadores, esto hace que los psicodélicos sean una anomalía entre las drogas con potencial de uso indebido. A diferencia de otras drogas, los psicodélicos parecen tener más asociaciones positivas con la salud mental que negativas.

Los hallazgos se vuelven aún más interesantes. Por ejemplo, aquellos que usaban psicodélicos con mayor frecuencia en el pasado tenían niveles más altos de bienestar en la línea de base. Esos mismos individuos experimentaron mejoras menores en el bienestar después de la experiencia psicodélica rastreada en el estudio. Por el contrario, aquellos con menos experiencias psicodélicas anteriores mostraron una mejoría en el bienestar en comparación con su línea de base.

Además, el estudio produjo resultados fascinantes con respecto a la naturaleza del viaje de una persona y cómo influye en el bienestar. Por ejemplo, los investigadores encontraron que los viajes psicológicamente complejos son más influyentes para predecir resultados a largo plazo. Las respuestas superficiales, como efectos visuales u otros efectos sensoriales, tuvieron un efecto menos significativo en los resultados a largo plazo. En otras palabras, el poder de los psicodélicos no se encuentra en la psicodelia del disparo.

Cuando se trataba de buenos viajes versus malos viajes, los investigadores encontraron que las experiencias “pico” de tipo místico eran más propicias para el bienestar positivo que las experiencias desafiantes. Pero tener un “mal viaje” no excluye necesariamente la posibilidad de un mayor bienestar. De hecho, para algunos, el bienestar aumentó a pesar de los viajes desafiantes y negativos. En el período de 2 a 4 semanas que siguió al viaje, tomó más tiempo para que surgiera esa sensación de bienestar. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los participantes que tuvieron un mal viaje informaron una influencia negativa en su bienestar en general.

Principales conclusiones e implicaciones para la futura investigación psicodélica

En pocas palabras, los investigadores dicen que el uso de psicodélicos aumenta el bienestar. Además, tener una experiencia psicodélica positiva que produzca una experiencia mística y máxima es lo más propicio para aumentar el bienestar. Como tal, el estudio requiere más investigación para identificar los factores que conducen a producir un buen viaje y protegerse contra aquellos que llevan a viajes difíciles y desafiantes.

Y para todos los psiconautas que hay por ahí, tal vez sea la conclusión más importante de este estudio pionero: “Sentirse preparado para la experiencia psicodélica y tener intenciones claras, especialmente las relacionadas con la conexión con la naturaleza, la espiritualidad o la recreación, fue propicio para una mística. -tipo experiencia y / o protección contra una experiencia desafiante “.

En otras palabras, tener una actitud positiva cuando dosifica con psicodélicos no solo hace una gran diferencia en su viaje, sino que también afecta su sensación de bienestar a largo plazo.

The post Según estudios,el uso de psicodélicos se relaciona con un mayor bienestar. appeared first on High Times.

Denver Votes in Favor of Psilocybin Decriminalization

A Denver initiative to decriminalize the use and possession of psilocybin mushrooms was narrowly passed by voters on Tuesday, according to results posted by the city. Preliminary reports had shown that the measure, I-301, had failed, but updated numbers released on Wednesday showed that it passed with 50.56 percent of the vote. A margin of victory of less than half a percent would trigger an automatic recount.

Cindy Sovine-Miller, who worked on the campaign for the initiative, said that passage of the initiative is the beginning of a larger movement.

“It starts by forcing the conversation and protecting access,” she said. “Whether you’re using this plant for a medical reason, or a spiritual reason, or a recreational reason, you should not be going to jail or losing your children for it.”

Magic Mushrooms Now ‘Lowest Law Enforcement Priority’

I-301 amends the Denver municipal code to make possession of psilocybin mushrooms by adults 21 and older the city’s lowest law enforcement priority. It also prohibits the city from spending public resources to impose criminal penalties on adults for using or possessing psilocybin and mandates the establishment of a city panel to determine the effects of the new ordinance on the city.

In each of the last three years, an average of 50 people were arrested in Denver for possessing psilocybin mushrooms and 11 were prosecuted.

“One of the folks very much involved with our campaign was one of those people,” said Sovine-Miller. “[He] was arrested and thrown in jail, and still to this day has ramifications in his life for what he can and cannot do because of psilocybin.”

Research has shown promise for psilocybin as a treatment for anxiety and depression. An unidentified 54-year-old who uses psilocybin medicinally told local media that “I don’t think that people should be criminalized or looked upon differently because they are required to take something that can make them feel this much better.”

The results of Tuesday’s election are “unofficial until the Canvass and Certification of the Municipal General Election on May 16,” according to the Denver Election Division. If the passage of I-301 is certified, it would make Denver the first city in the United States to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms.

The post Denver Votes in Favor of Psilocybin Decriminalization appeared first on High Times.

Sanitation Starting Points: More Than Sweeping the Floors and Wiping Down the Table

Sanitation is not just sweeping the floors and wiping down the table – sanitation has a wide-ranging function in a cannabis food manufacturing facility. For example, sanitation covers the employees (and unwanted pests), food-contact equipment (and non-food-contact equipment), trash disposal (including sewage), and more. Ultimately, sanitation systems maintain a clean environment to prevent foodborne illness from affecting human health. Fortunately, there are resources and tools to ease into establishing a robust sanitation program.

Overall, the main goal of sanitation is to produce safe food, to keep consumers healthy and safe from foodborne illness. With the cannabis industry growing and gaining legalization, cannabis reaches a larger, wider audience. This population includes consumers most vulnerable to foodborne illness such as people with immunocompromised systems, the elderly, the pregnant, or the young. These consumers, and all consumers, need and deserve safe cannabis products every experience.

FDAlogoTo produce safe food, food manufacturing facilities in the United States must at least follow the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 Chapter I Subchapter B Part 117, current good manufacturing practice, hazard analysis, and risk-based preventive controls for human food. Although cannabis is currently not federally regulated, these regulations are still relevant for a cannabis food manufacturing facility since the same basic principles still apply. Also, these regulations are a good resource to simplify a comprehensive sanitation program into more manageable components, between sanitary operations and sanitary facilities. With more manageable components, the transition is smoother to then identify the appropriate tools that will achieve a thorough sanitation program.

Sanitary operations

1) General maintenance of the facilities: The buildings and fixtures of the food manufacturing facility cover a lot of ground – hiring a maintenance team will divide the responsibility, ensuring the entire facility can be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. Furthermore, a team can build out a tool like a preventative maintenance program to restrict issues from ever becoming issues.

Figure 1: Dirty Cloth Towel in Dirty “Sanitizer” Solution
Dirty Cloth Towel in Dirty “Sanitizer” Solution (an example of what NOT to do)

2) Control of the chemicals used for cleaning and sanitizing: Not all chemicals are equal – select the appropriate cleaning and sanitizing chemicals from reputable suppliers. Obtain the right knowledge and training on proper use, storage, and proper protective equipment (PPE). This ensures the safe and effective application of the chemicals in minimizing the risk of foodborne illness.

3) Pest control: Understand the environment within the facility and outside the facility. This will aid in identifying the most common or likely pests, in order to focus the pest control efforts. Keep in mind that internal pest management programs can be just as successful as hiring external pest control services.

4) Procedures for sanitation of both food-contact and non-food-contact surfaces: Developing sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOPs) provides guidance to employees on appropriate cleaning and sanitizing practices, to balance effective and efficient operations. A master sanitation schedule can control the frequency of indicated sanitation procedures.

5) Storage and handling of cleaned portable equipment and utensils: Cross contamination in storage can be minimized with tools such as controlled traffic flow, signage, training, color coding, and more.

Sanitary facilities

6) Water supply, plumbing, and sewage disposal: Routine inspections of plumbing, floor drainage, and sewage systems prevent unintended water flow and damage.

7) Toilet facilities: Clearly defining standards for the toilet facilities and setting accountability to everyone who uses them will ensure that the toilet facilities are not a source of contamination for the food products.

Food processing and sanitation
PPE for all employees at every stage of processing is essential

8) Hand-washing facilities: Good manufacturing practices (GMPs) include proper hand washing and proper hand washing starts with suitable hand-washing facilities. For example, frequent checks on running water, hand soap, and single use towels ensure that all hands are clean and ready to produce safe food.

9) Trash disposal: While trash can be a source of cross contamination, trash can also attract and harbor pests. Scheduling regular trash disposal and controlling traffic flow of waste are two ways to minimize the risk of cross contamination from trash.

Bonus

Even after meeting these requirements, sanitation programs can be more sophisticated. An example is to institute an environmental monitoring program to verify and validate that the sanitation program is effective. Another example is in identifying and measuring key performance indicators (KPIs) within the sanitation program that can improve not just the sanitation processes, but the operations as a whole. Principally, sanitation is cleanliness on the most basic level, but waste management can encompass sanitation and grow into a larger discussion on sustainability. All in all, sanitation programs must reshape and evolve alongside the company growth.

Sanitation is interwoven throughout the food manufacturing process; sanitation is not a single task to be carried out by a sole individual. As such, it is beneficial to incorporate sanitation practices into cannabis food manufacturing processes from the beginning. Protect your brand from product rework or recalls and, most importantly, protect your consumers from foodborne illness, by practicing proper sanitation.

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