How Half-Baked Labels Can Destroy a Cannabis Business

Cannabis manufacturers and consumers are currently in a honeymoon phase. Consumers love their CBD gummies and believe wholeheartedly in the benefits of cannabis-related products. But it is only a matter of time before industrious plaintiffs’ lawyers take a close look at ways to attack manufacturers. We know from other industries that product labels tend to be the entry point for plaintiff lawyers eyeing manufacturers and looking for easy targets. Any company in the business of manufacturing cannabis-related products needs to devote significant time and resources to developing labels that minimize the risk of bet-the-company litigation down the road. Most notably, manufacturers need to think through whether there are any adverse effects associated with their products of which consumers should be aware. Also, manufacturers must scrutinize any “all natural” or “organic” claims on their labels to ensure that they are not misleading consumers.

Failure to Warn of Potential Detrimental Effects

Most manufacturers are well aware of state mandated labels for cannabis products. And, based on the recent FDA public hearing on cannabis, the industry will likely see FDA labeling requirements in the near future. However, simply complying with these requirements does not insulate a manufacturer from litigation, particularly failure to warn claims. One example, dating back to the 1970s, relates to OSHA’s regulation of asbestos-containing products as it became more and more clear that certain types of asbestos could cause a rare form of cancer, mesothelioma. Among other things, OSHA required manufacturers of asbestos-containing products to add a warning to all packaging. The mandated warning included very specific language. Manufacturers largely complied and added the OSHA-mandated label to their product packaging.

FDAFast-forward 40 years and today, several of those manufacturers are now bankrupt due to litigation based on their alleged failure to warn consumers that asbestos can cause cancer. Plaintiffs have been successful in bringing these claims because the OSHA label only warned that asbestos could cause harm, but it did not mention the word cancer. Some juries have found that the language in the warning was not sufficient to caution end users of the increased risk of developing cancer. While there have also been numerous defense verdicts in asbestos litigation and many asbestos-related cases lack merit – especially against certain defendants – the plaintiffs’ verdicts and legal fees to defend these cases are staggering. Recent plaintiffs’ verdicts have ranged from $20 to $70 million.

Of course, asbestos is an extreme example since CBD has not been associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. But there are other health concerns that manufacturers should consider. For instance, one group of doctors claim to have linked consuming cannabis before the age of twenty-five to development delays. Another study purports to link cannabis consumption to increased risk of premature birth. If there are legitimate studies underpinning these concerns, manufacturers can become the target of potential lawsuits. Beware that when plaintiff law firms find a manufacturer to target, they often file thousands of cases around the country – not just one. Even if the claims are entirely bogus, the legal fees to merely defend these cases are crippling and can lead to a swift bankruptcy.

While there are risks involved with failing to warn consumers of possible adverse effects of a product, manufacturers should not try to mention every alleged adverse effect on its labels. Rather, manufacturers must do their due diligence and investigate whether claimed adverse effects are legitimate, then warn of those that appear to be based on valid scientific studies. Each manufacturer’s research department should assess the credibility of any study linking cannabis use to an adverse health effect and have a candid discussion with their attorneys on whether a warning is warranted. Do not fear lawsuits, they are unavoidable. Rather, work toward ensuring that the company and product(s) have a strong, defensible warning in the event litigation arises.

Questionable “All Natural” and “Organic” Claims

It seems like every CBD product on the market has an “all natural” or “organic” claim on the label. If the product is truly organic, fantastic. Flaunt that organic label. But several food companies have landed in hot water with these labels when there is a hidden ingredient that is not natural. What’s more, manufacturers have been sued when their product contain genetically modified organisms, or GMOs. These lawsuits come in the form of class actions at the state and federal level. Class action litigation is very expensive to defend. And they typically result in settlements for beaucoup bucks – typically multi-million-dollar settlements. Plaintiffs lawyers love these claims because their fees typically also end up in the millions. One example of this kind of class action is a case involving the well-known Kashi brand. Kashi was accused of misleading consumers by including the words “All Natural” on some of its products. Plaintiffs asserted that the products contained bio-engineered, artificial and synthetic ingredients. The class action was settled for $3.9 million.

Just some of the many CBD products on the market today.

How can all natural or organic claims lead to millions of dollars in damages? Here is an example of how these cases usually work: A group of consumers determine that an “all natural” product is not “all natural.”  Let’s call this Product A and assume it sells for $5 per unit. The consumers then find a similar product that is not labeled “all natural.” That product is $2 per unit. The consumers argue that they overpaid for Product A by $3 per unit because they thought the product was all natural. Three dollars may not sound too bad, but if the class consists of two-million consumers, each entitled to $3, that’s a $6 million damages claim against a company. That does not count the hundreds of thousands of dollars that will be spent on legal fees defending the class action.

Cannabis manufacturers should not use all natural labels loosely and should consult with an attorney experienced in product labeling class actions to determine whether they should forgo these labels. The same is true for any labels that claim a product provides unique health benefits. 

Key Takeaway

When manufacturers are excited about introducing a product to the market, trying to compete with other manufacturers and already dealing with miles of regulatory red tape, it may be tempting to avoid self-imposed labeling requirements. But to ensure their businesses are sustainable over the long-term, manufacturers need to take necessary steps now that will limit future litigation risk.  The cost of taking preventative measures to develop a meaningful label is considerably less than the types of product labeling verdicts and settlements affecting other industries. Focus on warnings and the use of all natural labels as a starting point. Then speak with an attorney about the unique aspects of your product, potential adverse effects and the adequacy of your warning. We are here to help.

The post How Half-Baked Labels Can Destroy a Cannabis Business appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.


Navigating Child Protective Services When You Use Cannabis

As cannabis legalization continues to become more prevalent, one of the major issues plaguing the community is the involvement of Child Protective Services (CPS). More and more cases are surfacing showing that using even CBD during pregnancy or treating your child with CBD can result in the suspension of parental rights. Regardless of state legal status, the federal classification of cannabis puts in a category that can jeopardize child custody.

Parenthood and cannabis are a complex subject, made even more so by the stigma that continues to surround medicating. For those who choose to do so, it is generally because there is nothing else that works, and because medicating with the plant makes them a better parent. This doesn’t always factor into a CPS wellness check, especially when the agency believes there is child endangerment. 

While each case is different, in general, once CPS becomes involved, the life of the parent and child is upended in a traumatic way. Children are separated from their families for indefinite periods, parents lose jobs because of court requirements, and financial distress occurs because of legal costs. The legal costs are often steep because you need a specific type of lawyer to successfully defend your case.

This area of law, which is a unique mix of family, dependency, and criminal defense requires a deep understanding of the nuance involved. Allison Margolin, California attorney and founding member of Margolin and Lawrence, says that not only should a lawyer understand the complexities of CPS and cannabis, but they should have an open mind. Finding this blend in a legal expert is not easy, especially when each state has a specific set of laws about child endangerment and parental drug use as abuse. 

For example, in California, a positive toxicology screen at the delivery of a newborn or a substance-exposed infant don’t call for a report unless other factors are present that show risk to the child. Pamela Tripp, Attorney at Law and Child Welfare Legal Specialist, says CPS workers in California are now being trained to factor a parent having a medical card into their investigation. She says that while it is generally preferable that a person have a card, not having one doesn’t mean your children will be taken away.

“The focus becomes, and this is established through current case law, as to whether the cannabis use impairs their ability to safely parent their children, whether they are medicating in the presence of the children and most importantly, is the frequency and amount of consumption (similar to alcohol which is also a legal drug) ,” Tripp tells High Times.

There are many reasons that CPS may open a case, but the major factors are socioeconomic and racial. One study found that despite substance usage being the same, Black women were ten times more likely to be reported for positive toxicology screenings during delivery. Another study found that Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS)and the Department of Public Health (DPH) in Illinois received more reports from rural regions than urban. It also found that DCFS received more reports about maltreatment of infants that were credible, and questions if that is because the white infants were more likely to test for opioids and cocaine, while Black infants were more likely to test positive for cannabinoids.

In a lot of the stories about CPS involvement, parents are doing everything legally and safely, but sometimes a parent may not be following the law. This could be because they can’t afford or access a medical program, or they live in a state with a limited list for qualifying conditions. They could travel for work or something important and are caught cannabis in a state that doesn’t offer reciprocity to medical patients (meaning you travel from one medical state to another and your card is honored). Having a medical card doesn’t guarantee protection, especially when the federal law views it as Schedule I. 

“As I stated previously, in the area of child welfare practices, I am of the opinion that a medical card provides the parent with credibility, but because there is a conflict between state and federal law, child protective services agencies are not required to accept the card without question because if they want to, they have the ability to lean on federal law,” says Tripp.

Kelley Bruce, co-founder of Cannamommy, found out firsthand that having a medical card doesn’t always protect a parent when CPS was called on her in 2012. Despite living in Colorado and being a medical patient, her outspoken efforts to educate the public about the benefits of cannabis began a difficult legal battle. She was without a support system at the time and had no idea about the first step. After a relentless search, she found representation and fought the charge of consuming a Schedule I illicit drug in front of minors.

Bruce says that during the investigation process with CPS, it’s difficult to have a voice, because you are at their mercy and basically begging them to believe you’re not putting your children in danger. She says that once CPS decides there is criminal activity, they report it to law enforcement. The most important thing to do is keep up with the recent information about local laws to add a layer of protection Bruce points out. 

“It is important that you have information, good information behind you to be able to move conversations forward.  In my community, I am lucky because people listen to us.  It is a difficult conversation, and everyone is uncomfortable and so having a true understanding of the core issues is critical,” Bruce tells High Times

Bruce continues to educate the public about the benefits of responsible cannabis use as a parent, moving conversations forward by supplementing the community with access to information. Her nonprofit Cannamommy.org offers an online clinic featuring free 20-minute consultations with board-certified Registered Nurses and reduced-rate webinars and classes for mothers looking for up-to-date legal information and details about cannabis products. Cannamommy also offers a safe space for mothers dealing with CPS to discuss their fears and has an Advocate Program certifying mothers to supply local support for those who need it.

Another resource stemming from experience with CPS is the Family Law and Cannabis Alliance (FLCA), a group co-founded by Sara Arnold aka Sahra Kant, who has thus far dealt with CPS three times. The offers national and state-specific legal guides and resources for parents dealing with CPS. In addition to offering “Parent-Protective Model Language”, the FLCA provides a long list of considerations when dealing with CPS, including advice like not letting anyone in your home without an appointment, and keeping the house and children clean. 

“It is generally better to be cooperative with the agencies, but a parent can always keep in mind that they do not have to disclose everything.  Focus on child-centered answers to their questions and don’t be too worried about testing “dirty” for cannabis, if your use is moderate, intermittent, or even recreational as long as it is not in the presence of the children,” says Tripp.

She emphasizes that a person shouldn’t be required to stop using cannabis if medically prescribed and necessary in order to maintain custody or reunify with children. Some recreational use is permissible if it’s not being consumed in the presence of children. If a parent often leaves young children home alone to buy cannabis, that is an entirely different child safety standpoint from someone who occasionally uses when out with friends and secures a reliable babysitter. 

Tripp makes it clear that comparison is based in generality, and that stories vary on a case-by-case basis. More progress is being made in this area, and resources are starting to exist for parents who constantly live in a grey area. In the meantime, however, there is still little in the way of a comprehensive plan to protect parents from random attacks to their home life.

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What’s in Your Stash? Autumn Saylor, Stay-at-Home Mom, Treating PTSD With Cannabis

Stay-at-home mom, Autumn Saylor, is a true New Englander. Born and raised in Massachusetts, she loves her Dunkin’ Donuts and her cannabis and coffee breaks, once the kids are off to school. 

Diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in 2014, from a traumatic incident she’d rather keep private, Saylor said she actually first tried cannabis at 17, long before the diagnosis.

“I was handed a spoon pipe at a party and was so nervous!” she shared. “Of course, I had no idea what to do and it showed. I drew too much and it was long and harsh. I remember a lot of coughing, followed by a lot of laughter.”

It wasn’t until 2015, when she was in her late 20s, that she considered cannabis in a medicinal way.

Courtesy of Autumn Saylor

“I’ve always had difficulty sleeping, and one night as I was pouring a glass of wine, I realized I wasn’t drinking wine because I liked it – I was drinking it so I could fall asleep. Alcoholism runs in my family. My father died from alcoholism just a few years ago. When I had that realization it kind of freaked me out. But it also put a fire under my butt to try something else that might help me with the insomnia.”

After a few close friends gifted her some flower and shared their own cannabis experiences with her, she began testing it out at home. She was hopeful she’d also get some much needed relief with the subsequent anxiety and depression from her PTSD diagnosis.

“After the first week of uninterrupted sleep, and waking up feeling refreshed and rejuvenated in the morning, I didn’t look back,” she shared. “I’m a born skeptic, and for a while I was waiting for that moment to happen when cannabis would ‘stop working for me,’ but that didn’t happen. It’s been three years now and this little plant is still working wonders for me!”

Courtesy of Autumn Saylor

Pot for PTSD

PTSD from trauma is how many people begin abusing alcohol and/or other addictive substances, in an effort to self-medicate and quell some of the said 17 symptoms that may arise. 

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, symptoms of PTSD include, difficulty sleeping, lack of concentration, feeling anxious, and easily angered. 

“I still have work I need to do, but cannabis allows me to focus, prioritize, and gives me patience – for my husband and my kids. It also helps me to have more forgiveness – especially for myself,” she shared. I believe that cannabis allows me to be a better wife and mother. My anxiety and depression has played a major role in my day-to-day life, and has affected everyone around me.”

The stigma of using cannabis is a real, especially for moms who medicate. Saylor said it was a no brainer to replace alcohol – especially in light of her father’s passing from the disease.

“I want to do my part to help normalize its use,” she said. “I live my life as honestly as I can. It’s not always easy, but anything worth having requires hard work and a little elbow grease. I’ve met some incredible women through social media, and being able to share and medicate with other moms who understand my lifestyle – not just tolerate it – is a wonderfully positive experience.”

Dunkin’ Donuts, Weed, and Ritual

Saylor’s smoking trays and sesh situations are a favorite follow on Instagram. Inspired by a combination of her love of photography and pretty, shiny things and to help create an atmosphere for herself of peace and tranquility.

“I’m a stay-at-home mom – and it simultaneously drives me nuts and I absolutely love it!” she declared. “I’m not the kind of person who unwinds easily, so putting together these smoking shrines is like my version of being in a Zen garden. I’m using colors, textures, talismans, patterns, candlelight, and sage – all to create an ambiance that makes me feel comfortable and at ease.”

As said, Saylor is a Dunkin’ Donuts coffee junkie – she likes it medium roast, regular, cream, no sugar. Her favorite mug right now is an Ember mug, a Mother’s Day present from the family. 

“The Ember mug is temperature controlled – it keeps my coffee piping hot from the first sip to the last,” she continued. “For my first sesh of the day, after the husband and kids are at work and school, I’ll snuggle into my favorite chair, break out my bong, assess where I’m at mentally, and choose a cultivar accordingly.”

The orange and white “Poke Bong,” is a take from Pokemon, but it’s sadly seen its last bowl full, retired now after a fatal crash. She now uses the pink bong – a gift from her husband. The gold grinder is made by Instagrinder. Saylor said she prefers a bong, but enjoys joints, as well.

“Most of the objects in my smoke sets are of sentimental value, creating a nostalgic mood,” she adds. “The little Buddha figures where a gift from a cousin; the wire poker came from another cannabis mom, and the semi-precious stones were gifted to me by my doula during my first pregnancy.”

Courtesy of Autumn Saylor

Saylor said the high THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) cultivars are helpful to lift her out of depression, but too much THC can also trigger negative emotions.

“I’ve found that a good 2:1 ratio of CBD/THC gives me a good balance,” she shared. “Otherwise, too much THC amplifies the little nagging voice in the back of my mind, triggering anxiety. I also take smoke breaks, using a vape pen, or I take a 25 milligram capsule, made by the Commonwealth Cannabis Company in Southborough, Massachusetts.”

A typical morning dose is about 1 gram of flower, and Saylor said she’ll micro-dose throughout the day, as needed, with a Pax Era – allowing her to choose the right temperature, flavor and duration for each sesh. 

“I enjoy the Tangie pods from Liberty Cannabis,” she continued. “Tangie gives me uplifting energy and has a phenomenal citrus-sweet flavor.”

At the end of the day, after the kids are tucked in, she and her husband will enjoy a session together.

“It’s like having a special meal together – it’s our time to unwind, share our day with each other, make plans for the weekend, and sigh a little over how big the kids are getting!” she laughed. “For me, it’s the height of luxury, sitting on the back porch, toking on a King Palm packed with Purple Punch, easing into that gentle euphoria – usually leading into sweet pillow-talk and sweet dreams.”

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Study Finds Legal Cannabis Reduces Illicit Grows in National Forests

Conversations about the effects of legalizing cannabis frequently focus on a few key issues: economic opportunity, social justice, the potential for new medical treatments, and other health benefits. What’s less talked about, however, is how cannabis legalization impacts the environment. Researchers have long documented the ways unchecked outdoor cannabis cultivation can strain resources and negatively impact the environment. And data from the U.S. Department of Justice shows that a significant amount of illegally produced cannabis is grown on federal lands— especially, national forests.

But what if legalization was making a difference? That’s exactly the question a new, first-of-its-kind study set out to answer. Do cannabis-related policies have any effect on illicit grow operations in U.S. national forests? The answer appears to be that yes, legalization does impact illegal grows. In fact, it reduces them significantly.

Expanding Legalization Reduces Illicit Grows in National Forests by a Fifth or More, Study Concludes

As the legal cannabis industry in the United States expands, demand for cannabis products is growing with it. But in the U.S. market, supply and demand have yet to find their equilibrium. So despite the major changes in the production and consumption of legal cannabis over the past decade, the unregulated, illicit market still dominates. As recently as 2018, experts estimated that legal sales accounted for over $10 billion of the $50 billion in total cannabis sales that year. Put simply, the illicit marijuana market isn’t going anywhere, at least in the short term.

Of course, supplying that market requires a significant number of illicit grow operations. And based on data about law enforcement seizures of outdoor-grown plants, national forests appear to be prime real estate for unlicensed cultivators. Illicit grows in Oregon, Colorado and California feed the bulk of the illegal market’s supply. National forests cover 24 percent of land in Oregon and 21 percent in Colorado. California has more national forests, 20, than any other state. Not coincidentally, illicit grows are highly prevalent in national forests in those states (and other legal cannabis states) despite their shifts toward regulated commercial production.

Even in an economic environment that continues to incentivize illicit cultivation, however, legalization is cutting down on the number of grows in national forests. “Recreational cannabis legalization is associated with decreased reports of illegal grow operations on national forests,” according to “Cannabis legalization by states reduces illegal growing on US national forests,” a study just published in Ecological Economics. And that’s good news, not just for the legal industry, but for the flora and fauna of America’s forests.

Two Ways to Reduce Illicit Grows in National Forests: Legalization or Incarceration

There’s lots of data out there documenting the scale and scope of illicit cannabis grown in U.S. national forests. But there has been no published empirical research on how cannabis policy changes and law enforcement efforts are affecting illicit cultivation.

To address that gap, USDA Forest Service researchers gathered data on the number of reported grow sites in 111 national forests between 2004 and 2016. Then, they analyzed that data alongside changes in state cannabis laws. Researchers also used their dataset to run simulations allowing them test how different policy scenarios would impact grows in national forests. So in addition to testing how recreational legalization impacted reported grows, researchers also simulated changes to cannabis tax codes and even changes to law enforcement. Here’s what they found.

In the first place, recreational legalization significantly lowered the number of illicit grows reported on national forests.

Likewise, in a simulated elimination of legalization in all states, the study estimated illicit grows would increase by double digit percentages. Conversely, simulated expansion of legalization would reduce growing on national forests by a fifth or more, researchers found. Moreover, most of that reduction would happen in California. Going further and simulating a nationwide legalization of cannabis, the study estimated that illicit national forest grows could be cut in half and eventually eliminated.

But researches also ran tests from the opposite direction. Instead of legalization, they simulated increases to law enforcement presence. And while they found that increasing law enforcement would also reduce reported illicit grows, the gains were significantly less compared to legalization. For example, if law enforcement budgets and officer counts doubled from their current numbers, illicit national forest grows would decrease by 10 percent, at most.

Cannabis Taxes Contribute to Illicit Grows in National Forests

Based on their statistical analysis, the authors of the study show that legalization would have a much more positive effect on reducing illicit grows than a massive uptick in law enforcement expenditures. “Arguably, our models hint that outright, national recreational cannabis legalization would be one means by which illegal grows on national forests could be made to disappear.”

But separate from policy changes and better-calibrated supply and demand, researchers also tested how cannabis taxes are impacting illicit grows in national forests. And they found that taxes are actually contributing to those grows. “The imposition of taxes on legal cannabis sales […] appears to make illegal cannabis growing somewhat more frequent on national forests,” the study found. In other words, as long as the after-tax price for legal cannabis is higher than illicit products, taxing cannabis will encourage illicit cultivation.

Cannabis Legalization Can Protect National Forests

The study’s findings are significant for a number of reasons. But legalization’s potential to protect national forests is a key one. The unregulated use of pesticides and fertilizers, clearcutting, terracing and the poaching of wildlife by grow site workers create real and lasting environmental damage. So reducing illicit forest grows is a win not only for the environment. It’s also a win for everyone who visits and manages and ultimately enjoys the forests.

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El Método Pechoti: ¿Puedes poner marihuana en tu ombligo?

Si bien hay quienes juran que lo mejor son los porros, los consumidores de cannabis continúan encontrando nuevas formas de ingerir la planta. Hay comestibles, tópicos, vaporizadores, bongs, sodas, toques y sublinguales, por nombrar algunos. Tal vez sean los poderes creativos del cannabis en acción. Un método de ingesta, conocido como el Método Pechoti, le pide que ponga aceite de cannabis en el ombligo. Si bien el método Pechoti ha ganado atención en línea recientemente, está lejos de ser nuevo. Si bien no está clara la fecha exacta en que se creó el método de Pechoti, sabemos que se utiliza en las tradiciones ayurvédicas, un antiguo sistema médico indio conocido como uno de los más antiguos sistemas de atención médica. Entonces, ¿qué es el Método Pechoti, cómo funciona y quién debería usarlo? High Times habló con un médico y naturópata para aprender más.

¿Qué es el Método Pechoti?

El método de Pechoti, o Nabhi Chikitsa en las tradiciones de Ayurveda, se refiere a poner aceite en el ombligo con fines medicinales. Los aceites como el aceite de árbol de té y el aceite de eucalipto se usan a menudo por sus propiedades antibacterianas y antivirales. Dado que se sabe que los cannabinoides reducen las náuseas, combaten la inflamación y destruyen las células cancerosas por nombrar algunas, es natural que los practicantes de la medicina ayurvédica recurran al aceite de cannabis. Como no se metaboliza en el hígado, es no psicoactivo. Este sistema de administración recibe el nombre de la glándula Pechoti, que se cree que se encuentra detrás del ombligo y continúa existiendo después de cortar el cordón umbilical.

“Cuando te estás formando como un ser humano, toda tu nutrición pasa por el ombligo”, dice la naturópata tradicional y herborista maestra registrada, la Dra. Lakisha Jenkins. “Esa es su fuente de nutrición desde el momento en que comienza a desarrollarse, ¿por qué no puede ser para el resto de su vida?”

Si bien las tradiciones ayurvédicas tienen una antigua tradición de usar esta glándula, la medicina occidental no está convencida. Se ha informado por fuentes anecdóticas de la existencia de una glándula debajo del ombligo.

“A través de mi estudio de anatomía, histología, embriología y genética, nunca había visto una glándula así y no podría hablar sobre el potencial de recibir aceites esenciales como recomienda la medicina ayurvédica”, dice el investigador de cannabis Carlos Rizo, MD.

¿Como funciona?

“Hay alrededor de 72,000 venas que recorren directamente el ombligo en todo el cuerpo”, dice el Dr. Jenkins. “Está directamente conectado a las venas del estómago”.

Según el Dr. Jenkins, nuestro intestino contiene muchos receptores de cannabinoides y determina trastornos del sistema nervioso central. Por lo tanto, cuando aplica aceite de cannabis en el ombligo, se absorbe sistémicamente en todo el cuerpo. En Ayurveda, este método de ingesta es un enfoque integrado de la endocrinología, tanto con cannabis como con otras hierbas.

“Su sistema endocrino y sus hormonas son la causa de muchas de las enfermedades comunes que afectan a la existencia humana”, dice el Dr. Jenkins. Ella dice que debes usar la extracción de aceite más orgánica y limpia que puedas tener para obtener la máxima eficacia, y agrega que el aceite de Rick Simpson también funciona.

¿Quién  se puede beneficiar?

El método de Pechoti es similar a los supositorios de cannabis, ya que es sistémico (absorbido por todo su sistema en lugar de localizado) pero no psicoactivo. Es una opción para los niños o aquellos que no reaccionan bien o no pueden ingerir cannabis, como una mujer embarazada que combate las náuseas matutinas o una paciente de cáncer que experimenta náuseas y vómitos. Sin embargo, cualquiera puede poner aceite de cannabis en su ombligo. El Dr. Jenkins dice que las personas que tienen trastornos del sistema nervioso central, trastornos neurológicos, ataques del sistema endocrino o problemas gastrointestinales, todos los cuales están asociados con enfermedades crónicas, pueden beneficiarse del método Pechoti.

“Si tiene fuentes acreditadas para enseñarnos cómo funciona el método de Pechoti, tal vez los pacientes que no toleran el cannabis puedan usarlo”, dice el Dr. Rizo.

Herbolarios, naturópatas, métodos ayurvédicos y otras formas tradicionales han confiado en este método de tomar hierbas lo suficientemente fuerte como para que pase la prueba del tiempo. Necesitamos más investigación para comprender completamente sus beneficios, pero es probable que no te hagas daño si te relajas con un poco de aceite de cannabis en el ombligo.

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Recreational Cannabis Comes to Northern Nights Music Festival

While Zhu, Big Wild, and more than 70 other EDM artists head to Northern California’s Northern Nights Music Festival on July 19-21, cannabis will also get a slice of the spotlight. For the first time in camping music festival history, attendees 21+ will officially and legally be able to buy weed and partake onsite.

Tucked in the Redwoods along the Eel River in the heart of the Emerald Triangle, the festival’s “Tree Lounge” will be Mary Jane’s mainstage, with more than 20 local farmers and brands setting up shop for the first time and a wide variety of cannabis-infused wellness programming. 

NNMF has already cemented itself as a boutique, cannabis-infused festival with previous years’ programming that centered around cannabis education and its medicinal benefits. But thanks to recent amendments to Prop 64, the organizers are taking the experience to new heights with the help of local cannabis brand Humboldt Farms and San Francisco’s City Fit Fest co-founder Nate Mezmer.  

Spanning all three days at the festival, the programming includes a variety of wellness classes, workshops and mindful gatherings open to attendees 21 and over. This wellness activation will explore movement, mindfulness, healing, and community, in combination with the restorative powers of cannabis and CBD. Dubbed “Re-Creation,” attendees can expect infused yoga and movement classes from top wellness practitioners, workshops on medicinal plants and how to use cannabis for self care, breathwork and cacao ceremonies, and even a workshop with a relationship coach on how to use cannabis to foster connection. 

Grove Stage; Photo by Peter Karas

For those who simply like a little toke with their tunes, California-based cannabis brands such as The Green Door SF, Filigreen, Flow Kana, and more will be dispensing onsite. Plus, local and visiting DJs and trance dance classes will play throughout the weekend in the Tree Lounge, joining artists like Berner, Fuego, Desert Hearts and more at the five other stages taking over Cook’s Valley Campground. 

NNMF organizers are able to offer this robust cannabis programming thanks to the new AB2020 bill, which grants local jurisdictions in California the power to authorize temporary events to permit on-site recreational sales. Before under Prop 64, state fairgrounds were the only legal place hold cannabis events. The bill went into effect in early 2019, making NNMF the first overnight music festival in the country to offer recreational dispensing at a mainstream event. Now cannabis is being treated similar to alcohol vending at the event, while NNMF re-imagine the relationship between weed and music festivals. 

Photo by Anna Katarina

NNMF organizers, who helped write the bill, say this amendment to Prop 64 sets the stage for more mainstream cannabis events and creates more opportunities for local businesses and farmers in the regulated market to interact directly with consumers. 

“I personally feel strongly that cannabis is a positive thing that can bring people together,” event organizer Matty Roberts said. “It’s great to see it be so normalized and not stigmatized.” 

Watch this space as High Times takes on Northern Nights 2019 and covers this new era of cannabis culture.

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The Winners of the 2019 Bay Area Cannabis Cup

Everyone put their best face—and flower—forward at the festival. Here are the winners of the 2019 Bay Area Cannabis Cup:

Indica Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: C.R.A.F.T. – Dimepiece
2nd Place: Topshelf Cultivation – Whoa-Si-Whoa
3rd Place:North Country Pharms – Grape Jelly Donut

Sativa Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Sovereign – Mother’s Milk
2nd Place: Team Elite Genetics – J1
3rd Place:C.R.A.F.T. – Super Lemon Haze

Hybrid Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Caliva – Z Cube
2nd Place: 3C Farms – Sasquatch Sap
3rd Place:C.R.A.F.T. – Sour Girl

Sun-Grown Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Grandpas – Grandpas T.I.T.S
2nd Place: LitHouse – Lava Cake
3rd Place:Honeydew Farms – Venom OG

CBD Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Eve Farms – Forbidden Fruit X EVE
2nd Place: C.R.A.F.T. – CBD OG
3rd Place:3C Farms – AC/OG 2:1

Preroll

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: LoadedCo – Golden State Banana Preroll
2nd Place: Sovereign – XXX OG Pre-Roll
3rd Place:Cuba Libre x Fig Farms –  Cannarillo

Edible

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: IncrediMeds – Milk Chocolate Peanut Butter Cups
2nd Place: Loudpack – Spearmint Cannabis Infused Mints
3rd Place:KEY – Red Jellie

Vape Pen

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Raw Garden – Orange Cookie Pie Cart
2nd Place: Raw Garden – Extreme Punch Cart
3rd Place:Apex Extractions: Pinnacle Vape – Alien Rock Candy

Infused Product

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Sovereign / Emerald Genetics – Mother’s Milk Solventless Geode
2nd Place: Sovereign / Emerald Genetics – XXX OG Solventless Geode
3rd Place:Lola Lola – Trance

Indica Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Noble Farms x Summit Boys – Pac Girl Live Resin
2nd Place: URSA Extracts – Zkittles Live Resin
3rd Place:Raw Garden – Banana Punch Refined Live Resin Diamonds

Sativa Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Raw Garden – Italian Soda Live Resin Sauce
2nd Place: Raw Garden – Rose Water Live Sauce
3rd Place:Cresco Labs – Cherry AK Live Resin Sugar

Hybrid Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Apex Extractions X Poseidon Estates – Wedding Crasher #18
2nd Place: Pacific Reserve x Summit Boys – Pacific Forbidden Banana Live Resin
3rd Place:Noble Farms x Summit Boys – Gelato Live Resin

Topical

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: C.A.D – Nana’s Cooling
2nd Place: Mary’s Medicinals – Transdermal Compound 1:1
3rd Place:C.A.D – Mimosa Roll-ON

People’s Choice

Best Glass

1st Place: Dab Nation – Serum & Tonic Substance
2nd Place: Huni Badger – Vertical Vaporizer
3rd Place:Dr. Dabber – SWITCH

Best Product

1st Place: The Hemp Candle – Butt Naked
2nd Place: Lithouse – Dark Dosi
3rd Place:Summit Boys – Caviar

Best Booth

1st Place: The Hemp Candle
2nd Place: LitHouse
3rd Place:C.R.A.F.T.

The post The Winners of the 2019 Bay Area Cannabis Cup appeared first on High Times.


The Winners of the 2019 SoCal Cannabis Cup

From sun-grown flower to vape pens, we’re pleased to announce the winners of the 2019 SoCal Cannabis Cup:

Indica Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Triple Seven – Wedding Cake
2nd Place: Top Shelf Cultivation – Woah-Si-Woah
3rd Place: Team Elite – Cookie dough

Sativa Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Nameless Genetics – Insane Gummie Bearz
2nd Place:
Team Elite – Orange Juice Flower
3rd Place:
Top Shelf Cultivation – Candyland

Hybrid Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Team Elite – Nova Cane
2nd Place:
Triple Seven – Peanut Butter Breath
3rd Place:
Choice : cultivated in collaboration with SOGARMY – MAC 1 CAPS CUT

Sun-grown Flower

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Loudpack – Guava
2nd Place:
Honeydew Farms – Sundae Driver
3rd Place:
Honeydew Farms -Venom OG

Preroll

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Golden State Banana – Banana Indica Preroll
2nd Place:
Choice : cultivated in collaboration with SOGARMY – MAC 1 CAPS CUT
3rd Place:
Loudpack x Lift Ticket – Cuvee Cookies x Birthday Cake

Edible

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Chill, The Highest Chocolate – Acai Berry Blast
2nd Place:
Defonce – Hazelnut Dark Chocolate
3rd Place:
Dr Norms – Chocolate Chip Cookies

Infused Product

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Loaded – Mimosa Infused Hybrid Preroll
2nd Place:
Tikun – Midnight Tincture
3rd Place:
Tikun – Avidekel Tincture

Vape Pen & Cartridge

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Moxie – Pina Colada Dart Pod
2nd Place:
Raw Gardens – Orange Cookie Pie
3rd Place:
Raw Gardens – Strawberry Jack

Indica Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Team Elite – Sh3rb3t Sauce
2nd Place:
Apex x Cali Kosher – Papaya
3rd Place:
Raw Gardens – Banana Punch

Sativa Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Team Elite Genetics – Orange Juice Live Resin Sauce
2nd Place:
Apex x Redwood Remedies – Bananna Pudding
3rd Place:
Choice : cultivated in collaboration with SOGARMY – The Shire

Hybrid Concentrate

Jesse Faatz

1st Place: Team Elite – Peach Soda Sauce
2nd Place:
Apex x Cali Kosher – GMO
3rd Place:
NUG x Monterey Kush Co – Kandy Kush

CBD Vape Pen & Cartridge

1st Place: Airo Pro – Buddha’s Smile
2nd Place:
Quarter – AM Uplift
3rd Place:
Double Barrel – Smoke Tint

People’s Choice

Best Booth

1st Place: Choice
2nd Place:
Burning Bush
3rd Place:
Ethos

Best Product

1st Place: Choice – Mac1 Indoor Flower
2nd Place:
Burning Bush Dab Dots
3rd Place:
Ethos – Mandarin Cookies

Best Glass

1st Place: Choice – Mothership Glass
2nd Place:
Cobra Extracts – FLO
3rd Place:
Dab Nation Dabber

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Leading Cannabis Brand Bhang Corporation Goes Public

Florida-based cannabis company Bhang went public on Thursday, with shares in the company beginning trading on the Canadian Stock Exchange. Shares in the company are listed under the ticker symbol BHNG and were up more than 70 percent in Friday morning trading.

Bhang currently owns a family of eight active brands with more than 100 cannabis and hemp products including cannabis edibles, beverages, oral sprays, pre-rolls, terpenes, and hemp-derived CBD consumer goods. The brand’s products are manufactured, sold, and distributed by the company directly and through licensing agreements with partners in jurisdictions with legal cannabis.

Bhang Expanding Its Reach

Bhang’s licensing arrangements include partnerships with Origin House/Crescp in California, Trulieve in Florida, and a 50/50 joint venture with Indiva for distribution in Canada and other international markets. The company’s plans for 2019 include launching eight new brands, offering more products, and expanding its availability to 2,000 stores from the current count of approximately 1,000.

Scott Van Rixel, the CEO of Bhang and a 2018 selectee for the High Times 100, said in a press release that going public will help fuel the company’s expansion goals.

“We’re proud to announce this major milestone for Bhang and the industry, as we see a national cannabis brand begin trading on the CSE. This public listing fuels our strategy to meet the growing demand for today’s most innovative cannabis products,” Van Rixel said. “While our model is not reliant upon accessing the capital markets, our going public transaction will allow us to evaluate new opportunities to accelerate our growth, build our industry-leading house of brands and increase shareholder value.”

He added in an interview that going public now will poise the firm to react quickly once cannabis is legalized in the U.S. nationwide.

“When [federal] legalization happens, I’d rather have the long, arduous process of going public out of the way and establish Bhang’s rightful place as a cannabis industry pioneer,” Van Rixel said.

Tasty Beginnings

Van Rixel, who is a trained chef and chocolatier, said that he started Bhang after visiting a friend’s cannabis facility nine years ago.

“Back in 2010, edibles were still coming in basic ziplock bags – no nutritional information, no serving size, no ingredient list. I brought my food industry knowledge in and we changed packaging to include that information and meet [U.S Food and Drug Administration] standards, even though obviously cannabis isn’t an FDA-approved product,” he said.

Bhang’s award-winning chocolates primed the company’s early growth and expansion into other product lines. Van Rixel said continuing cannabis legalization can make the world a better place.

“Marijuana and hemp both have a lot to offer society,” said Van Rixel. “It’s not just a way to get high. There’s real medical value and the taxation opportunities for cities and states to fund things like schools could be extraordinary.”

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Florida Court Rules Medical Marijuana Licensing Law Unconstitutional

A Florida appellate court ruled on Tuesday that a law enacted to license cannabis providers in the state does not comply with the amendment that legalized medical marijuana and is therefore unconstitutional. The ruling by the 1st Court of Appeals in Tallahassee held that the law requiring cannabis businesses to be vertically integrated and handle all aspects of cannabis production from seed to sale created an oligopoly and should be struck down.

The court also upheld the lower court’s ruling that provisions of the medical marijuana regulations enacted by the state legislature that capped the number of licenses for providers also did not conform with the amendment passed by voters in 2016. The decision by a panel of three judges is expected to be further appealed to the Florida Supreme Court, according to media reports.

Suit Challenges Vertical Integration Requirements

A suit challenging the requirement that cannabis providers in the state be vertically integrated was filed by Florigrown, a company based in Tampa.
Leon Circuit Judge Charles Dodson, who heard the case, ruled in favor of the plaintiff, finding that the regulations passed by lawmakers in a 2017 legislative special session did not properly carry out the amendment. Dodson then issued a temporary injunction requiring the state health department to begin issuing licenses to Florigrown and other applicants for medical marijuana licenses, but that order was put on hold pending appeal.

Upholding the original court’s decision, appeals court judges Scott Makar, James Wolf, and T. Kent Wetherell wrote that the regulations create “a vertically integrated business model which amends the constitutional definition of MMTC (medical marijuana treatment centers) by requiring an entity to undertake several of the activities described in the amendment before the department can license it.”

Plaintiffs Pleased with Ruling

Joe Redner, one of the owners of Florigrown, said that Tuesday’s appeals court ruling is “a good thing for the state of Florida.”

“If the Legislature can create oligarchies in any field, it’s crony capitalism,” Redner said. “They’re picking winners and losers. And that’s not fair. It’s not right. It’s not constitutional.”

Adam Elend, the CEO of Florigrown, said that the appeals court ruling has the potential to shake up Florida’s medical marijuana program and the industry.

“It drops a bomb on the current licensing scheme. It’s just changing the whole regime,” Elend said. “People are not getting medicine. The dispensaries are out of stock all the time. The products are limited, and the prices are high. That’s what happens in an oligopoly and that’s what we have.”

The appeals court also found that regulating medical marijuana providers
“without applying the unconstitutional statutory provisions”  is in the public interest, but the ruling “does not support requiring the department to immediately begin registering” new providers.

In a separate concurring and dissenting opinion, Weatherell noted that the majority opinion could cause the value of medical marijuana licenses, which can be up to $50 million or more, to drop significantly.

The majority opinion “will effectively mandate an immediate change in the entire structure of the medical marijuana industry in Florida,” Wetherell wrote.

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