Rep. Earl Blumenauer Introduces Bill to Regulate Cannabis Like Alcohol

Democratic Rep. Earl Blumenauer of Oregon introduced a bill on Wednesday to federally regulate cannabis like alcohol. The bill, in a reference to pot culture, has been designated as House Resolution 420.

“While the bill number may be a bit tongue-in-cheek, the issue is very serious,” said Blumenauer. “Our federal marijuana laws are outdated, out of touch and have negatively impacted countless lives. Congress cannot continue to be out of touch with a movement that a growing majority of Americans support. It’s time to end this senseless prohibition.”

If passed, the measure would remove marijuana from the Controlled Substances Act and put the regulation of cannabis under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Removing marijuana from the CSA, where it is listed as a Schedule I drug, would allow federal grants to fund cannabis research and eliminate tight regulations on banking and other financial services. Passage of the bill would also allow for interstate cannabis commerce between states with legal pot. That would allow Blumenauer’s home state of Oregon, which is experiencing a weed glut, to export to other markets.

The Food and Drug Administration and the renamed Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Tax and Trade Bureau, part of the Department of the Treasury, would have regulatory jurisdiction over the newly legal cannabis industry. The federal government would issue permits for the cultivation, packaging, sale, and importing of cannabis.

H.R. 420, the Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act, has been referred to the House Judiciary, Energy and Commerce, Ways and Means, Natural Resources, and Agriculture committees for consideration. The text of the measure has not yet been posted to the House of Representatives website.

New Congressional Cannabis Caucus Chairs

Also on Wednesday, Blumenauer announced the new co-chairs of the Congressional Cannabis Caucus for the 116th Congress, which began earlier this month. The caucus is a bipartisan forum in the House of Representatives “to discuss, learn, and work together to establish a better and more rational approach to federal cannabis policy,” according to a press release from Blumenauer.

“The Cannabis Caucus was the first of its kind to create a forum for elected officials to collaborate on ways to address our outdated federal marijuana laws,” said Blumenauer. “Congress is clearly out of step with the American people on cannabis when national support for federal marijuana legalization is at an all-time high and we saw several states move toward legalization last November.”

Joining Blumenauer as co-chairs will be California Democrat Rep. Barbara Lee, who will be the first woman of color to co-chair the caucus; Rep. Dave Joyce, a Republican from Ohio, and Rep. Don Young, an Alaska Republican.

“Over the last decade, I’ve worked to build understanding and consensus on the need for reform and our movement is cresting. I’m looking forward to working alongside Reps. Lee, Joyce, and Young to build on the bipartisan work we’ve done to end the senseless federal prohibition on marijuana once and for all,” said Blumenauer.

Rep. Lee said that is time to end the failed prohibition of cannabis.

“For far too long, communities of color and women have been left out of the conversation on cannabis. I am committed to ensuring that marijuana reform goes hand-in-hand with criminal justice reform so we can repair some of the harm of the failed War on Drugs. We must also work to build an industry that is equitable and inclusive of the communities most impacted by cannabis prohibition,” said Lee.

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What are the Best Strains from Humboldt to Grow Outdoors?

When breeders work hard behind the scenes, the initial traits purposely bred into the next generation of lineage could have a lot to do with environmental factors.

Knowing the traits in which certain strains were designed can help you grow a consistent flowering strain that jives with your environment. Below are many factors to consider when choosing the strain to grow outdoors.

What are the Best Strains from Humboldt to Grow Outdoors?

Courtesy of Humboldt Seeds

Weather Conditions

Where you are located, and the type of climate you experience can play a huge role in the performance of your cannabis plants. In Humboldt, there are many different geo-zones. Each strain is adapted to grow through all types of weather.

Researching the traits of each strain before investing in seeds can save a lot of future trouble. Getting caught up in the hype of the latest strains and selecting something out of relevance rather than practicality is an easy mistake and one that can be costly in many ways.

Based on Experience

Before basing everything on yield numbers alone, reflect on how much experience you have. Selecting a strain that is more user-friendly regarding growth, size, and ability to train is highly recommended.

Also know that indica-dominant hybrids will require much less maintenance and flower in a shorter time than sativa strains. Carefully read if a breeder has stated if the strain in question is better suited for Sea of Green or SCROG.

Resistance to Pathogens

Losing a crop to powdery mildew or mold can be devastating, so taking these careful steps early on will save your crop close to harvest. Many of the Humboldt strains have incredibly high resistance to pathogens.

As powdery mildew is a huge problem in California (much like Spain), selecting a resilient strain is an excellent way to start. Many growers learn about powdery mildew and mold from first-hand experience; however, this may not be the case if you have the right seeds for your environment.

What are the Best Strains from Humboldt to Grow Outdoors?

Courtesy of Humboldt Seeds

Stealth and Security

You should know how much growing space you have, as well as how secure and private it will be. Perhaps you are growing in a small rooftop and cannot have huge plants on show. Or it could be the opposite, and you have an open space for the plants to grow as big as trees.

Whatever your scenario is, do your research and see what performs best in certain conditions. There are small-sized, indica varieties that are perfect for Sea Of Green and stealth growers. In the same sense, there are hybrids that if left untrained can grow substantial amounts of cannabis.

Wind Resistance

You may have seen a plant that looked great indoors, but when left outside during the summer months, it did not take well to strong winds and began to lose its structure. This can be a problem for growers who live in mountainous regions, so having a strain with high wind resistance genetically built-in is smart.

What are the Best Strains from Humboldt to Grow Outdoors?

Courtesy of Humboldt Seeds

Light-Sensitive and Light-Hungry Plants

This is where a bit of experience and knowledge comes into play. So, note that this is an essential factor to consider. Light-hungry plants may sound standard to most, but light-sensitive plants? A perfect example of this is Girl Scout Cookies compared to OG Kush.

Those who have grown the Cookies will know she prefers to be grown outside. On the other hand, the OG Kush strain is a very light hungry plant. The way a plant feeds and whether it’s dependent on micro and macronutrients can also be down to the amount of light it prefers, under the rate of photosynthesis.

The Best Early-Flowering Varieties to Grow

These are the best varieties from Humboldt Seeds to grow if you live in an area with shorter summers, unpredictable rainfall, high humidity: Mango Sapphire, Bubba’s Gift, Bubba Kush, Black D.O.G and Master Kush.

These strains have a short flowering time, medium size, and stalky structure. Each will be highly resistant to cold and wet weather, and perform better than the other strains designated for different climates.

What are the Best Strains from Humboldt to Grow Outdoors?

Courtesy of Humboldt Seeds

The Best Late-Flowering Varieties to Grow

For those lucky enough to be in a Mediterranean or Californian climate, then the best strains to grow with large space is Amherst Sour Diesel, Blueberry Headband, 707 Headband, Lemon Kush Headband, and Lemon Garlic O.G. Each of these can take the intense lighting and will perform with excellent results.

The Best CBD Varieties to Grow

If your sole purpose is to grow for medicinal purposes, then the best CBD-rich varieties to grow are Blue Dream CBD (10 percent THC / 10 percent CBD) and Green Crack CBD (6 percent THC / 12 percent CBD). Both of these strains are CBD-rich hybrids of the original famous Blue Dream and Green Crack.

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Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Brings Former Marijuana Policy Project Director to Her Staff

In her much loved dinner prep Instagram livestreams, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has made it clear that she thinks marijuana prohibition is a “tool” used to oppress people of color in the United States. But other than the fact she’d legalize cannabis and advocate for the release of people who have been incarcerated for nonviolent drug offenses, she hasn’t released much info on her ideas around cannabis.

Those looking for clues to any potential strategy got another one this week, when Ocasio-Cortez announced that Dan Riffle, health care and tax reform expert, would be joining her staff as senior counsel and policy advisor.

That’s big news for those with an eye on weed issues because, in addition to holding past staff positions for other members of Congress, Riffle was once director of federal policy for the Marijuana Policy Project. He left the organization back in 2014; attributing his departure to the overwhelming influence of big business in the legalization movement and how it shapes policy in terms of how cannabis is accessed.

Upon leaving MPP, Riffle told Vox in an interview: ”We used to talk three or four years ago about how we’re creating this industry, yet nobody in the industry gives to MPP. But now that they do give at least a little, it’s like, ‘Be careful what you asked for.’ Because we owe them now, and they get to drive the agenda.”

At the time, Riffle identified some key reasons why this may be the case, including the trend of low-level cannabis advocates swapping time between activism and positions within the commercial industry. Riffle also pinpointed issues around funding experienced by marijuana advocates should their connections end with big weed businesses.

“Who’s going to pay for a nonprofit, collective cooperative model?” Riffle asked. “It’s hard to find somebody who is willing to do that, so it’s left to the industry to fund legalization measures, and of course the industry is going to fund industry-centered policies.”

“The industry’s goal is to make money,” Riffle told International Business Times in 2015. “But from a public health perspective, we might have other goals that are at odds with the industry’s goal of making money.”

It’s clear Cortez-Ocasio — the youngest woman ever elected to US Congress who’s currently dominating media narrative with her socialist viewpoints — tends to see cannabis legalization as a civil rights issue before a matter of consumers and suppliers. It will be interesting to see how her new senior counsel is able to influence her views on the rapidly-evolving marijuana industry, which currently operates in 33 US states on a medicinal or recreational level.

Support of federal cannabis legalization has recently become a given for any 2020 Democratic White House candidate. The prioritization of voices concerned with marijuana issues beyond commercial availability and profit margin could add some newfound complexities to the march towards country-wide pot access.

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Vermont Supreme Court Rules Marijuana Smell is Not Grounds for Search

January is already shaking out to be a big month for court rulings on the civil and criminal liabilities people should or shouldn’t face over the smell of cannabis. On the heels of a federal judge’s dismissal of a racketeering lawsuit against a smelly cannabis farmer, the Vermont Supreme Court has ruled that certain marijuana odors are not grounds for a search of persons or seizure of property. The important ruling creates a binding legal precedent across all courts in Vermont and comes at the end of a lengthy lawsuit by the Vermont ACLU.

2014 ACLU Lawsuit Ends with Vermont Supreme Court Ruling in Favor of Driver

Simple cannabis possession has been decriminalized in Vermont since 2013. And in 2018, Vermont became the ninth state to legalize cannabis for adult use. But in March 2014, a Vermont state trooper pulled over Rultand resident Greg Zullo and ended up seizing his vehicle when Zullo refused to consent to a search. The officer asked to conduct the search after reportedly smelling “burnt cannabis” inside the vehicle. The trooper said he pulled Zullo over because snow was covering his car’s registration sticker.

Zullo consented to a search of his person. But police had to tow his vehicle in order to be able to search it legally. During that search, police found only a grinder and a glass pipe with cannabis residue. Neither items constituted a criminal or civil offense under Vermont law. But Zullo’s refusal to consent to a search of his car resulted in the seizure of his property anyway. Zullo, a black man who was 21 in 2014, took his case to the Vermont American Civil Liberties Union, which sued the State of Vermont over the search and seizure.

Last Friday, the Vermont Supreme Court ruled in the ACLU’s favor. Associate Justice Harold E. Eaton Jr. ruled that the state trooper was wrong to seize Zullo’s vehicle after saying he smelled burnt cannabis. Furthermore, Justice Eaton Jr. ruled that the smell of burnt cannabis cannot constitute legal grounds for searches and seizures. Throughout the proceedings, Vermont had tried to argue that it was immune from such lawsuits. State attorneys tried the case though a number of statutes involving reasonable suspicion and probable cause.

Vermont Supreme Court Sets Crucial Precedent Against Searches Initiated Because of Cannabis Odors

Ultimately, however, the state Supreme Court ruled that “an odor of marijuana is a factor, but not necessarily a determinative factor, as to whether probable cause exists.” In other words, just smelling burnt cannabis doesn’t amount to a valid reason to search a person’s car. And that’s because the (slight) smell of burnt cannabis “is far less probative as to whether a car contains marijuana than, say, an overpowering odor of fresh marijuana emanating from the trunk of a car,” Justice Eaton Jr. wrote.

Furthermore, the Supreme Court’s ruling clears the way for Zullo to seek damages and restitution. In the Summary of his 50-page ruling, Justice Eaton Jr. wrote that “a direct private right of action for damages based on alleged flagrant violations” of Zullo’s civil rights is available against the state. No word yet, however, on whether or not Zullo will pursue further action against Vermont.

Importantly, Justice Eaton Jr.’s ruling sets a significant and crucial legal precedent for courts across Vermont. A Supreme Court ruling means that no lower court can use the smell of burnt marijuana as cause for initiating a search. Vermont residents can still face searches and seizures over the smell of fresh cannabis, however. And driving under the influence of cannabis remains a criminal offense.

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The Details of Kentucky’s New Medical Marijuana Bill Have Been Revealed

Perhaps all Kentucky needs to move forward with medical marijuana legislation is a 78-year-old Republican lawmaker to admit he threw his prescription pain meds in the trash—and smoked a joint instead. Cannabis advocates are hoping that’s the case after Wednesday’s announcement of Kentucky’s House Bill 136, which would make cannabis legal for those with debilitating illnesses and excruciating pain.

“For those that don’t know, I had colon cancer seven years ago, and when I left the hospital, they gave me that nice bottle of Oxycontin,” said Daniel DeVerl “Malano” Seum, the state senator, at a press conference. “I threw it in the garbage can and went home and smoked a joint.”

Such revelations are not the norm for Kentucky politics, but they may be what’s needed if the bill’s sponsors make headway on providing patients access to cannabis. The state’s law enforcement has expressed split opinions on the support of cannabis legislation.

“My opposition to this legislation isn’t because I lack compassion for the sick, but because I think it’s wrong to herald marijuana — with its many proven negative qualities,” Sheriff Cain of Daviess County testified before the House Judiciary Committee regarding last year’s unsuccessful medical cannabis proposal HB-166.

Kentucky Senate President Robert Silvers went so far as to respond to Wednesday’s press conference by calling cannabis a “gateway drug.”

“He then said he is open to discussion but has not been given any ‘studies and facts’ saying marijuana has ‘medical and therapeutic value,’” reported Lexington NBC affiliate LEX18.

“There are 20,000 studies,” responded Seum to Silver’s seeming ignorance of the copious medical literature available on the benefits of cannabis that’s led to legalization in 33 states.

“I’m not going to go as far as to say there is adequate support in the House, but there is certainly significant discussion,” said House Speaker David Osborne, in support of the bill.

The states’ politicians behind the bill made it clear they are not (yet) total supporters of the rapidly-expanding cannabis industry. ”The intention of this legislation is not to generate tax revenue, but rather to provide relief to the thousands of Kentuckians who suffer from conditions that have not responded to traditional medicine,” said Representative Diane St. Onge, a Republican from Fort Wright.

The bill puts forth a proposal for a medical cannabis system run by the Department of Public Protection’s Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. It includes a yearly licensing fee and will put a limit on the quantity of cannabis that can be in patients’ possession. The legislation will be deliberated before the Kentucky Congress ends its session in April.

Kentucky’s noted hard-line attitude towards cannabis will make this an interesting legislative battle to follow. When former Miss Kentucky Kia Hampton was discovered attempting to bring less than an eighth to her ex-boyfriend in jail, she narrowly escaped jail time and was sentenced to two years’ probation. The state is one of the 17 left in the US that have zero forms of legalized cannabis.

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Report: Illicit Pot is Almost 50 Percent Cheaper Than That Bought Legally in Canada

New metrics from Statistics Canada are shedding light on the state of Canada’s cannabis markets. Among several key trends, the new stats show that the price of legal weed has seen a rapid increase since it became legal in October. In fact, the increase in price has been so high that legal cannabis is now significantly more expensive than weed purchased on the illegal market.

New Cannabis Stats

The new figures from Statistics Canada come from data gathered throughout the last quarter of 2018. More specifically, the data comes from an updated version of the organization’s crowdsourcing app.

This program allows individuals in Canada to input their own data. These numbers are then collected, aggregated, and analyzed. In total, this new data set includes marijuana price quotes from 385 respondents.

As reported by CBC, roughly half of those 385 price quotes were from legal cannabis stores. The others were from illegal suppliers.

When comparing stats from Oct. 17, the date on which recreational marijuana became legal in Canada, and the end of the year, analysts noticed some clear trends.

Most immediately, they noted a sharp increase in the price of legal weed.

This increase put the average price of legal weed well above the average price of illegal weed. By year end, the average price for cannabis from a legal recreational supplier was $9.70 per gram. That price is significantly higher than prices for weed on the illegal market. According to the new stats, illegal cannabis cost an average of $6.51 per gram.

Beyond changes in price, analysts also noted a few other potentially important trends. For example, they found that more consumers reported making their first marijuana purchases in the weeks following legalization. Specifically, 7.7 percent of those who provided data said they made their first-ever cannabis purchase last fall.

Additionally, the stats showed that 49.8 percent of male consumers bought weed at a legal supplier. Meanwhile, 41.6 percent of female consumers said they bought marijuana from a legal supplier.

Analyzing the Numbers

Analysts have identified potential reasons for legal weed’s rapid price increases.

Most notably, North American affairs manager at the Consumer Choice Centre, David Clement, told CBC the price changes had to do primarily with the often-expensive legal framework surrounding the industry.

“It costs half a billion a year to enforce the rules and regulations in the Cannabis Act,” Clement said. “So in order to generate the revenues to cover that they’ve implemented fees and licenses on licensed producers.”

He added: “The taxes and fees create prices that are high out of the gate, and then a lack of competition prevents those prices from being slowly pushed down.”

Canada’s State of Marijuana Affairs

The new stats come on the heels of a somewhat rocky rollout of Canada’s nationwide legalization.

In the weeks following legalization, many legal retailers ran into serious supply issues. In short, retailers were unable to keep up with consumer demand.

This was compounded when it became clear that cultivators were themselves not producing enough to supply retailers. As a result, experts predicted ongoing shortages around the country as growers focused on scaling up to meet demand.

Initially, many projected shortages for up to 18 months. But more recently, some experts have extended that timeline to as long as three years.

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Newest Member of Arkansas’ Medical Marijuana Board is a Pediatric Nurse

On Monday, Arkansas’ Medical Marijuana Commission welcomed its newest member, pediatric nurse Justin Smith. Smith has worked in pediatric care for 11 years, and currently works at Arkansas Children’s Hospital. Smith’s appointment to the Commission could help shape Arkansas’ still-emerging medical cannabis program in important ways. In his time as a nurse, the 38-year-old Smith gained firsthand experience with the benefits of medical cannabis treatments for children.

New Board Member Could Shape Arkansas Medical Cannabis Policy to Benefit Children

Arkansas’ five-member Medical Marijuana Commission found itself a member shy last month when James Miller resigned. Justin Smith, a pediatric nurse, will take Miller’s place. But he brings with him a set of experiences that his predecessor didn’t have. In his 11 years as a nurse, Smith has worked with patients who took medical cannabis treatments. And he’s seen the effectiveness of those treatments, firsthand.

“I’ve seen it with my own eyes,” Smith told the AP. “When you see that, it kind of changes your mind and perspective on things.” Smith said that his long-time experience as a pediatric nurse makes it impossible for him to deny the effectiveness of medical cannabis. “Especially in my case, when you see it work on children, you can’t really deny it has some benefits with proper application,” Smith said.

Indeed, a pair of recent studies and the FDA’s recent approval of the cannabis-based epilepsy drug Epidiolex have put the children of medical cannabis in the spotlight. So has the hit documentary Weed the People, which follows terminally ill children and their families who rely on medical cannabis treatments. This kind of exposure to the reality of medical cannabis has the power to overcome skepticism and lead to a better understand of the drug and its uses. Having a voice representing that perspective on the Arkansas Medical Marijuana Commission could be a game-changer for patients in the state.

Arkansas Medical Marijuana Program Still Has No Dispensaries

The appointment of a pediatric nurse to the empty seat on Arkansas’ medical marijuana board is important. But the more pressing question is when that board will take action to license and finally launch Arkansas’ medical cannabis program. Voters approved a measure legalizing medical marijuana back in 2016. 26 months later, the state has yet to license a single dispensary. The Commission has approved more than 6,000 patients, but has yet to send them the official license they’ll need to access a dispensary in Arkansas or out-of-state in Oklahoma.

On Wednesday, however, the commission will meet to decide who to award the state’s first 32 medical cannabis dispensary operating licenses. Arkansas has received over 200 applications for dispensary licenses. In July, the Commission voted to hire Boston-based consulting firm Public Consulting Group to score the applications ahead of their review. In response to demands from patients and the industry, Arkansas officials say they’ll issue official patient licenses by early February. Dispensary sales are expected to come online in late March or early April.

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Canadian Cannabis Industry Execs Warn Weed Shortage Could Last Three Years

Canadian cannabis industry executives are warning that product shortages in the country could take as long as three years to alleviate. Some insiders believe that cannabis production estimates are too optimistic, according to a report from Bloomberg.

Since the sale and use of recreational marijuana were legalized in October, product shortages have led some cannabis retailers to reduce hours or limit purchases. In Alberta, regulators originally estimated that up to 250 cannabis stores could be operating in the province by the end of this year. But product shortages caused the province to place a moratorium on issuing licenses in November. As a result, Alberta has only 65 cannabis retailers, with 20 of those located in the city of Calgary.

Chuck Rifici, chief executive officer of Auxly Cannabis Group Inc. in Toronto, said that the challenges of expanding cannabis production have made it difficult to meet the demands of the newly legal recreational cannabis market.

“There’s a lot of execution risk, people are expanding by 10, 20 times,” Rifici said. “Personally, I think we’re at least three years out from hitting real equilibrium.”

“Ultimately any manufacturing facility growing 20 times is likely to face delays,” he added.

Greg Engel, CEO of Organigram Holdings believes that it will take “a couple years” for supply to catch up with demand. And Everett Knight, the executive vice president for strategy and investments at Valens Groworks, said it could be two to three years. He said that some cultivators do not accurately predict production losses due to issues such as mold.

“It’s harder to grow cannabis than most people think,” Knight said.

However, Raj Grover, the CEO of cannabis retailer High Tide, said that supply problems are improving“on a monthly and weekly basis.”

“Our stores in Alberta are fully stocked. They’re generating great revenue,” Grover said. “I think Ontario’s decision to just open 25 stores is too much of an overstatement, they’re overthinking this a little bit.”

Government Predicts ‘Sufficient Supply’

Tammy Jarbeau, a spokeswoman for Health Canada said in a statement in November that some product shortages could be expected.

“As with any new industry where there is considerable consumer demand, we expect there may be periods where inventories of some products run low or, in some cases, run out,” said Jarbeau. “Health Canada remains confident that there is sufficient supply of cannabis overall to meet market demand now and into the future.”

But she added that shortages were not expected to be prolonged or widespread.

“As the overall supply chain gains experience in the Canadian marketplace, it is expected that such localized and product-specific shortages will become far fewer in number,” Jarbeau said.

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New Mexico’s Pot Legalization Proposal Includes Workplace Protections

A bill that would legalize recreational cannabis in New Mexico includes workplace protections for employees that use pot while off the job. The bill by Albuquerque Democrats Sen. Jerry Ortiz y Pino and Rep. Javier Martinez is expected to be introduced in the legislature later this month, according to media reports.

The bill that legalized medical marijuana in New Mexico in 2007 did not address the issue of employees using cannabis while not working. Consequently, some patients have been fired after testing positive for cannabis use in workplace drug tests. Those that have challenged their termination in court have not been successful. Many states with legal medical marijuana, including Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, New York, and Rhode Island have workplace protections for patients. Albuquerque attorney Jason Bowles believes that his state should follow suit.

“There are no protections right now in New Mexico for workers who use medical marijuana legally,” Bowles said.

Provisions in a draft of the legalization bill make it illegal to take adverse action against employees for a positive drug test for cannabis or for legal conduct outside of the workplace. Workers would not be protected if employers could show “by a preponderance of evidence that an employee’s lawful use of cannabis has impaired the ability to perform the employee’s job.”

The bill would not protect employees who use or possess cannabis at work. Some exceptions for businesses and schools for action taken to comply with federal law are also included in the working draft of the bill.

Broad Legalization Measure

The bill by Ortiz y Pino and Martinez is a broad cannabis legalization measure that would permit the use and sale of recreational marijuana. The measure would allow the personal cultivation of up to six cannabis plants and establish a framework for the regulation and taxation of commercial cannabis production and sales. Local jurisdictions would be required to decide whether to allow cannabis dispensaries through elections. In addition to the employee provisions, tenants, parents, and students would be protected from sanctions for using cannabis either recreationally or medicinally.

Vermont is the only state that has legalized the recreational use of cannabis through action by the legislature. All other states that have legalized the adult use of pot have done so through the citizen initiative process. Despite polls that show support for cannabis legalization in New Mexico, Ortiz y Pino believes it may be difficult to get the bill passed by the legislature.

“It’s going to be tough,” said Ortiz y Pino. “The House will probably vote for it. The Senate is going to be its usual thirty-years-behind-the-times self.”

“I think it’s a generational or a cultural thing more than anything,” Ortiz y Pino added, noting that the average senator is older than most representatives.

Emily Kaltenbach, the director of the New Mexico chapter of the Drug Policy Alliance, said that experience with previous unsuccessful cannabis legalization efforts in New Mexico shows it won’t be easy to get the bill passed.

“We have yet to get a piece of legislation through both chambers,” Kaltenbach said. “So even if the governor is open to signing a bill, that doesn’t mean that in this next year there is something [going] to the governor’s desk.”

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Product Selection Should Start With The Entourage Effect

“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.” First said by Aristotle, this phrase has been used in countless situations to break down the concept of synergy.

Just think about it.

Whenever you decide to make a purchase that will affect the quality of your life, you’ve already made the decision that it is right for you—the whole. What it really breaks down to is which product contains the best “parts” that will influence you on the choice of a specific product.

Here some everyday examples:

  • You’ve already decided on a certain type of car you want to buy; it’s the bells, whistles, and upgrades that you ultimately choose to go into your garage.
  • You’re looking to find the love of your life, but it’s certain qualities and characteristics of that person to truly know if they are right for you.
  • You’re attempting to replicate your grandmother’s famous recipe of which there are over 20 ingredients; if you leave one out, it just doesn’t turn out the same.

When the final outcome needs a decision, it’s the “parts” that effortlessly work together to make the dynamic “whole”.

Choosing the right CBD product is no different.

With a significant number of choices on the market, whether you’re new to the space or looking for something more effective, the quality of your CBD is vital to your health and well-being.

When choosing the best product for you, there is one term that sets quality products from sub-par ones:

It’s called the Entourage Effect.

The Entourage Effect is the result of when multiple phytocannabinoids are included in the extraction process of hemp oil, thus working together to provide longer lasting benefits than just the isolated cannabinoid CBD. While all forms of Hemp oil (Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate) contain the beneficial properties of CBD, only full spectrum hemp oil will produce the Entourage Effect.

Product Selection Should Start With The Entourage Effect

Courtesy of Veritas Farms

How do I know if a product will result in The Entourage Effect?

It depends on what type of hemp oil it is. Here is a breakdown of the different types of oils currently on the market:

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil: Contains CBD, CBC, CBG, .3%THC, Flavonoids, Terpenes, and other cannabinoids, producing the full entourage effect. Fully integrated companies like Veritas Farms, who control the entire process from plant growth to manufacturing, are most likely the type of companies that produce full spectrum hemp oil.

Broad Spectrum Hemp Oil: Usually contains all of the above minus THC, which limits the entourage effect significantly.

CBD Oil: Most likely created from an isolate, where only CBD is extracted from the plant without any other cannabinoids. (Some companies will re-add other cannabinoids or terpenes.) This type of oil does not produce any type of entourage effect.

While this information is readily available to the public, many companies will be very creative with how they classify their product. It’s very important when selecting a product to know where it’s sourced, how it’s made, and what it contains.

The Entourage Effect is and will be a defining factor when it comes to quality products hitting the market. A quality product should include a COA (Certificate of Analysis) on not only what is in included in the oil, but how concentrated it is.

As the industry evolves, it’s important to keep the Entourage Effect as a beacon of light on quality. Hemp oil will continue to be beneficial in people’s lives, as long as it’s a product that has complete transparency and quality that a company can stand behind.

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