Dear Danko: Expert Grow Advice On Closet Grows, Light Leaks, Flushing, And More

High Times’ cultivation specialist Danny Danko answers all your burning questions about being the best grower you can be. But first, some quick tips from the expert himself:

  • Always check and adjust the pH level of your nutrient solution after you’ve added the nutrients.
  • Keeping cuttings warm and moist will result in higher rooting success rates and healthier clones.
  • Lack of nitrogen is the most common nutrient deficiency and starts with leaves yellowing.

Subject: Lighting for Auto-Flowering Strains
From: Joe in Berwick, ME

For years, I’ve been using 400-watt high-pressure sodium (HPS) lighting during the vegetative stage and 1,000-watt lighting during the flowering stage. I recently had my first grow with auto-flowering Lemon Skunk. Long story short, I ended up using a 12/12-hour day/night light cycle and yielded very loose and light buds. What light intensity and schedule should I use for autos?

Dear Joe,

Auto-flowering plants are strains that will flower at a certain age, regardless of the photoperiod. They’re made by utilizing ruderalis genetics, a low-THC cannabis that came from Russia and other northern parts of Eastern Europe where the plant adapted to the short growing season by flowering early. The advantages of growing auto-flowering plants is that they can be harvested in less than three months from planting, even in the middle of summer. The best lighting schedule for auto-flowering plants is 18 hours on and six hours off throughout all stages of life.

Subject: Empty Closet
From: Reefer Franklin

I just recently lost a whopping 75 pounds of body fat and had to basically throw out my entire wardrobe because it no longer fits—good problem, right?—and a happy accident happened. I magically ended up with an empty closet! I figured instead of refilling it with clothes, I would fill it with about 15 mothers and five father plants. The dimensions are 24” x 54” x 100”, and I only want to use this space to keep mothers and take/root clones; after that, they go into a perpetual “sea of green.” What are the basics I need to get by—mainly, can I get by with some T5 lights, or something less heat- and money-intensive than HID? What sort of ventilation setup should I consider, and what other things of that nature might I be overlooking?

Dear Franklin,

Congratulations on losing all that weight! And also on your decision to start growing your own. First, I don’t know what you mean by father plants. If you’re referring to males, you have no need for them in your grow space unless you’re planning on breeding, and it sounds like you’re just getting started, so that’s probably something we should leave to the professionals for the time being.

You will need mother plants, however, so that you can take clones from them and root them in this small space before they move on to their “sea of green” area. T5 fluorescent lighting is perfect for this area, and HID (high-intensity discharge) fixtures might give out too much light and heat for what you’re looking to do. Save the HID for your flowering area.

As for ventilation, you want to keep the air moving in your space, so you’ll need some fans and ducting, as well as another fan to circulate air inside the space as well. Invest in a nice exhaust fan to pull out spent air through an activated-charcoal filter to reduce odors. Shoot for a temperature of around 75°F in your space and a humidity level of 50 percent for the healthiest mother plants and clones.

Subject: Light Leaks
From: Vape O’Rhyzer

Greetings from Colorado, and thanks for all the great advice in the magazine. Knowledge is power, and you are enabling a powerful army of cannabis cultivators from coast to coast. My question: Can a brief light leak during the 12-hour dark period cause a plant grown from a feminized seed to turn male? Or does the “feminizing process” sometimes just not take with some seeds?

I’ve grown other seeds from the same pack of Acapulco Gold from Barney’s and haven’t had a problem, so I hadn’t been checking the sex of the plants. When I looked today, though, I discovered tons of male pollen sacks on the plant. Fortunately, none had opened yet. The other two seeds I planted at the same time (707 Headband and Cindy 99) haven’t shown their sex either way yet, so I can’t tell if the problem affects just the one plant or if I need to start over. But I did have one brief light leak when the plants were just a week or two into the 12/12-hour day/night light cycle, and I’m wondering if that could be the cause. I appreciate what you and High Times are doing to advance the cannabis culture.

Dear Vape,

Thanks for the kind words! I’m happy to help people grow better cannabis, and it’s nice to hear that they’re learning from my work. You are correct that light leaks during the flowering period of a feminized plant can shock the plant and make it react by becoming a hermaphrodite, or a plant that exhibits both male and female traits. It really depends on the genetics of the plant and the length of the interruption of the dark cycle. Some plants are more affected by light leaks than others. If you discover any male pollen sacs forming on your plants, get rid of those plants entirely and start over with fresh seeds. Growing out hermaphrodites will result in a harvest of flowers full of seeds, a most unfortunate and horrendous outcome.

Subject: First-Timer Strains
From: Chris

Hi. I’ve never grown marijuana before but I want to give it a try. I’ve been researching everything from soil and tent kits to lighting and nutrients. There’s a lot of conflicting information to go through on the internet. My plan so far is to grow four plants in soil in 5-gallon containers. I will start with seeds in a 4’ x 4’ x 72” grow tent with lights and ventilation. I want to grow two plants high in THC and two plants high in CBD all in the same tent. Both strains should be easier for a first-time grower. I’ve seen that it’s possible, but my problem is that I can’t figure out which two strains will vegetate at the same time and grow at the same height. Is this realistic, or should I just try one strain? Hopefully you will know of a high-CBD strain and a high-THC strain that will work for me.

Dear Chris,

There are many strains you can grow inside your tent, and it’s not that important that they grow to the same height. You can always raise the smaller ones or make any other adjustments necessary. Some of my favorite CBD-rich strains at the moment are bred in Spain by Dinafem Seeds, where they utilize in-house lab testing in their breeding projects and work with the most CBD-potent strains available such as the original Dancehall from Reggae Seeds. A few of my suggestions from Dinafem would be Dinamed CBD, which tests between 10 and 14 percent CBD with very low (0.4-0.6 percent) THC content, Early Amnesia CBD or Haze Autoflowering CBD.

As for THC-rich strains, there are so many to choose from, but I’ve been enjoying Cherry Vanilla Cookies, bred by Professor P of Dynasty Genetics; Sundae Driver, from Cannarado Genetics; and Do-Si-Dos, bred by NorcalICMag and available from the Archive Seed Bank. Those are three potent choices, but, as I mentioned, there are many others available. As a beginner, you should also look into feminized and/or auto-flowering varieties that are easier to grow.

Subject: Thieves and Unflushed Plants
From Mariah L.

Lately, there have been thieves running around snatching pot plants. One of my outside grows got hit, but I have another very close by, so I harvested what was left of the first and a couple of the others. Some of these plants haven’t been flushed with water. Is that bad for the taste and/or quality of the plant? And if yes, is there anything I can do once I’ve already clipped them?

Dear Mariah,

It’s awful that people think they can go around stealing other people’s plants. These “rippers” are a common problem around harvesttime and there’s a special place in hell reserved just for them. Your plants were harvested early and you didn’t get a chance to flush them with plain water for the last week or two of growth. It’s not the end of the world, however. Hopefully you weren’t heavily feeding your outdoor plants to begin with, so there wouldn’t be so much excess nutrients to flush out. As long as you take the time to dry and cure your flowers properly, you should be able to enjoy them. Flowers that are overfed with nutrient salts tend to taste acrid, burn improperly and need to be relit over and over. I hope you avoided this fate.

Subject: Cat Poop
From: Bill From Tuscaloosa

l live in an illegal state, and actually prefer to pay someone to grow and transport weed. But all my guy has is top-shelf shit, and it is getting expensive. I have some seeds from Mexican crap that I bought years ago, and a spare closet. I’m probably going to use a no-till method and LED and fluorescents and cover the closet walls with aluminum foil. There is no door on the closet and I want to make sure the cat doesn’t take a deuce in there. Any advice?

Dear Bill,

Wow, there’s just so much to unpack here. First of all, why would you want to grow crappy Mexican seeds? Also, please don’t use aluminum foil on your walls. Flat-white paint is nearly as reflective and doesn’t create hot spots or places for bugs to hide. As for keeping your cat from defecating in your closet, you’re going to need a door or barrier of some kind. If you want your plants to flower, they need 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness, so you’ll need to contain and light-proof your closet anyway. A door or some kind of lightproof barricade will ensure your plants can flower, and keep your cat from pooping on them and also from eating them.

Send your cannabis-cultivation questions to deardanko@hightimes.com.


Originally published in the November, 2019 issue of High Times magazine. Subscribe right here.

The post Dear Danko: Expert Grow Advice On Closet Grows, Light Leaks, Flushing, And More appeared first on High Times.


Cannabis Economics & Creating Efficiencies for Profit Margin

News of cannabis glut and falling wholesale prices has been dominating the airwaves of late, despite some recent reports showing that prices are remaining steady. As legalization continues to spread across the nation, the industry is poised to become commoditized, especially in those areas where it has been legal for a longer period of time. Whether specializing in retail cannabis products or industrial hemp, companies in the cannabis industry should be taking note of the sweeping economic implications of a maturing marketplace.

As is true in any industry, rapid growth and significant investments are sometimes followed by a slowdown (think dot-com, but less extreme). There are measures that companies can take in order to avoid negative outcomes, and a step in the right direction includes focusing on the bottom line and planning for future growth. Company leaders need to educate themselves on the competitive landscape and take the long view toward solutions for their operations.

Sounds easy enough, but how do we actually do this? One key step is to pay attention to overall expenses and create efficiencies wherever possible in order to remain competitive. This means that during the facility and systems design phase, all outcomes need to be taken into account. One of the most important – and cost conscious – things to consider is energy usage. Energy Star, the EPA-backed program for energy efficiency, says that facilities can “reduce their energy use by up to 30 percent through low or no-cost measures.” Generally, this means that efficiencies are built-in to the design with energy cost savings and sustainability in mind.

One of the largest energy outputs for a cannabis operation includes the facility’s HVAC and electrical systems. We have found that when clients step back to consider a range of alternatives, they have a more comprehensive base for this important decision. Considering outside factors, such as growth projections and specific goals, cannabis companies can make a more educated decision on the system that will provide the best economic outcome for their business. Often, those that plan ahead and look past the initial system cost, find longer term savings and lower energy usage over time.

A plant in flowering under an LED fixture

As an example, we had a client looking to build an indoor cannabis cultivation operation. They had originally chosen to build their facility with high pressure sodium lighting to save money up front. Because this method of lighting typically has a lower first cost, it appeals to many companies that are starting out and wary of their budget. However, this particular client was poised for growth and looking to make sustainable choices that would impact their bottom line and meet their goals for environmentally sound business practices. We were able to create a model for them to illustrate the long-term benefits of installing LED lighting. This type of lighting allows growers to keep room temperatures higher, without compromising plant health with issues like tip burn. In addition, LED lights are more efficient and reduce the cooling load. This means mechanical systems were able to be downsized reducing first costs, and these systems also consumed less energy, reducing operational costs. Despite a higher first cost of the LED lights, the company ended up saving enough money in the reduced mechanical equipment size, as well as in the reduction of energy use from the lights and the mechanical equipment. The first costs between an HPS system and an LED system were much more comparable than originally expected, and they were able to keep their operational costs to an absolute minimum. This type of scenario has proven true over and over when models are built to show longer-term cost benefits for electrical and HVAC systems, using analysis from an experienced team of designers and engineers.

While the greater economic outlook for the cannabis industry is in flux, a thoughtful approach can help operations avoid negative outcomes. As more and more companies continue to enter the space, investments roll in and supply rises, we will all watch to see if demand will match this growth. Taking note of incremental methods for impacting the bottom line, such as smart HVAC and electrical system selection, can mean the difference between success and failure (and profit margins!) in this turbulent landscape.

The post Cannabis Economics & Creating Efficiencies for Profit Margin appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.


High Times Greats: Interview With Paul Bowles

A few months before he died, Beat patriarch Paul Bowles gave a rare interview from his home in Tangier, Morocco. To celebrate his birthday on December 30, we’re republishing Ken Krayeske’s interview with the composer and author from the September, 1999 issue of High Times.


Bookshelves line the living room walls of Paul Bowles’ tiny fourth-floor flat in Tangier, Morocco. Hardcovers and softcovers of his masterpiece The Sheltering Sky in six different languages, dozens of other editions of his novels, collections of short fiction, plays, translations of Jean-Paul Sartre’s No Exit and Moroccan folk tales, fiction by his wife, Jane, and inscribed gifts from friends like Allen Ginsberg, William S. Burroughs and Truman Capote. Bowles has lived in this home for more than half of his 60 years in Tangier. It’s a long way from Long Island, NY where he was born 88 years ago. He bolted Manhattan in the ’30s, bored with composing Broadway scores, and traveled to Mexico, Thailand and France, where Gertrude Stein advised him to rewrite his poetry and move to Morocco.

The Sahara captured his imagination, and when Jane fell ill in 1957, he stayed. After she died in 1973, he said it was too late to move. Now, he welcomes visitors and journalists alike, accommodating directors like Jennifer Baichwal, whose documentary Let It Came Dawn: The Life of Paul Bowles [Zeitgeist] was released in May. The Beat patriarch was kind enough to give us the following interview.

High Times: The last time I was here, in December ’93, you were smoking kif cigarettes [granulated cannabis mixed with black tobacco]. Do you still smoke kif?

Paul Bowles: No, I stopped two months ago.

Why is that?

No one told me to stop—no doctor or medicine man. I have emphysema. I decided it was time to stop. I smoked for years.

Did you use it for medicinal purposes, like to help with your glaucoma?

I only smoked for pleasure.

When was the first time you smoked pot?

I was in Curaçao in the West Indies. The first time I smoked, I really didn’t inhale. Then the first time I did inhale, it was extraordinary for me. It was a different world.

How old were you?

I was old enough to know better.

What year was it?

It must have been 1933.

Do you recommend smoking kif?

I can’t answer this, because I don’t know the real effect of kif on the brain and, for that reason, I can neither recommend nor advise against it.

Did kif influence your creative activities, like writing music or books?

I doubt that it had any influence on my writing. People always say it gives you ideas. I disagree with that. It gave me the possibility of concentration, that when I was writing I could go on for very long. I’m very restless. I smoked because it made me less restless and I could concentrate longer on writing. I got more done.

You wrote about smoking kif in 100 Camels in the Courtyard. Is this what moved you to write about the metaphysical?

I was smoking when I was writing that. There are four stories, “A Friend of the World,” “He of the Assembly,” “The Story of Lahcen and Idir” and “The Wind at Beni Midar.”

What about hallucinogens? Did you ever try psychedelics?

Yes. It was mescaline. The first time was in 1961. It was good.

Where did you do it?

It was in the States. Actually, I had to go out and get it for my host. He didn’t want to buy it. So he asked me to go and buy it at the drugstore. You could go out and get it at the drugstore, strangely enough. It was made by Squibb. It didn’t go on long because they had to clamp down on it. You could buy $15 worth and that would supposedly be enough for one day.

What was your impression of it?

I thought it was very strange. It wasn’t my cup of tea. I only took it twice.

What did you dislike about it?

Dislike? I didn’t really dislike it, I just couldn’t make sense with it. My host kept after me.

Who was that?

A man named John Goodwin. I’m afraid he’s dead now. He was a good host. He had bought a large estate of 700 acres in the Pocono Mountains in Pennsylvania. He had fixed it up to make it a surprise when you wandered around it. You could be in the woods and there would be a little pond and coming out of the pond would be an absurd statue, which only he could have put there.

Did you ever try anything harder, like heroin?

No. I never needed it. I’ve known people who were addicted. It is a very powerful addiction. It destroyed them.

How did it affect William Burroughs?

Bill was always trying to disintoxicate himself. I don’t think it destroyed him. He stayed here in Tangier year after year. He might as well have been in Atlantic City or Chicago. He didn’t seem to be aware that he was in Morocco.

One of the reasons Burroughs came here was because drugs were cheaper and easier to buy than in the States. Should kif and heroin remain illegal?

No. I don’t think you should stop people from doing what they please. It’s like suicide being illegal. The government should not be involved. Allen Ginsberg did a lot for that cause. It’s too bad he’s gone now.

How did you feel when he died?

I felt cheated because I wouldn’t see him anymore. He came here a few years ago for Christmas. But I couldn’t go out. I stayed in bed while he was at Christmas dinner with Virginia Spencer Carr, who is writing my biography. I couldn’t go out, it was too difficult. There would have been a lot of wheelchairs and more. So I stayed right here. I saw him in New York about two months before he died in 1995. They gave concerts of my music in New York at Lincoln Center. These were pieces I have never heard before. Some of them were 60 years old.

What did you think of the performance?

It sounded good to me. Of course, I wrote them. I wired Bill to come to lunch and come see them. He came all the way in from Lawrence, Kansas. He picked up Allen along the way.

How was lunch?

We talked about old times and the present day, what had changed and what was still continuing.

What were the old times like, with Burroughs, Ginsberg and Kerouac visiting Tangier?

Everyone would gather in Bill Burroughs’ room. We would sit in his garden and talk. Allen used to read sections of Naked Lunch aloud. He sort of put it together, as I remember. Bill didn’t know where the beginning was, or the end. He said, ‘Begin anywhere you want.’ Well, you can’t make a book that way. There had to be a beginning. There was a definite beginning scene on the subway. But I don’t remember really how it ended. I thought Naked Lunch was very comic, very funny.

You’ve said you love the absurd. Did you write any comedies yourself?

No. The absurd is fantastic. I can appreciate when other people write absurdities, but to invent them myself—I don’t think I could do very well. I don’t think it would be very funny. Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man Is Hard to Find” is an extraordinary story. It’s funny only as long as she means it to be funny, and then suddenly it becomes very serious. But when it is funny, it is funny because it is absurd.

What other absurdities amuse you?

I love Through the Looking Glass. It’s wonderful. I love the interrogation of the Red Queen and the White Queen of Alice. They begin asking what does she know. Does she know addition? What’s one and one and one and one and one and one and one and one? And Alice says, “I don’t know. I lost count.” She can’t do addition. Then the queen says, “Maybe she can do subtraction. Take nine from eight.” Alice says I can’t do that. The queen says, “Here’s another problem: Take a bone from a dog. What remains?” Alice thinks about it and says, “The bone wouldn’t remain, the dog wouldn’t remain, it would come to bite me. I’m sure I shouldn’t remain.” The queen says, “You give up?” Alice says, “Yes.” The queen says, “She can’t do subtraction either.” Well, the dog ran away because it lost its temper, so the dog’s temper remains.

Where do you think absurdity comes from?

It comes from the disregard of logic.

How important was absurdity to your writing?

I didn’t think of it.

Did any writers, absurd or not, influence you?

I don’t know what influenced me. I don’t understand the word “influence.” It’s a word like “inspiration” or “inspired.”

Then who are some of your favorite authors?

Kafka is completely original, although he is preoccupied by religious beliefs. I like Camus. He wrote two very good novels. One was The Stranger and the other was The Plague.

What about Marcel Proust?

I read his complete works in Tangiers in English. Then I decided to read him in his original tongue, French. It was difficult. I moved to the desert in Algeria so I could concentrate better. It took me a long time to read it.

Did Proust influence you to write The Sheltering Sky?

I don’t see any connection. I’m not very analytical. It would take a critic to tell me.

But isn’t it true that you started writing The Sheltering Sky right after you finished reading Proust?

Yes. Well, I hoped to write a book when I left Broadway. A novel. And I did write it—The Sheltering Sky. It’s based on a short story called “A Distant Episode.” The story is about a linguistics professor who walks around Algeria and is kidnapped. He is transported around the desert, where he is made to be their jester, improvising plays and skits. Then one day he escapes and he runs back into the town frantic. A French soldier mistakes him for a native and shoots him. Then I said, “Why don’t I write a novel about it?” I started writing it in Fez and finished it in Fez. I was in the Algerian desert in the middle. It took about nine months in 1947 and ’48.

It was published a year later, in 1949.

When I finished the book, I sent it to my agent, and she couldn’t place it. Everyone refused it. And they had actually fronted my commission on it, so I had to return the money, which is not fair. I should have kept it after I wrote it. They were unpleasant about it. They said to my agent, “We asked for a novel and he didn’t give us a novel.” What is it? I don’t know. They didn’t think it was a novel. And finally after a year of being sent around from one publisher to another, I suggested that my agent send it to James Lockland at New Directions. He had the best list anyway. He purposely didn’t publish with the idea of making any money. On the contrary, he expected to lose, because he had a lot of money from Lockland Steel in Pittsburgh. He did publish it, but he decided he would only publish 3,500 copies. That was not nearly enough. It was just before Christmas, so it lost a lot of sales. Those books were exhausted very quickly from the shelves.

Had you sketched an outline of your characters beforehand?

I never planned anything. I never planned my characters. They came out. They did what they wanted. I never planned my life. You have to accept what life brings you.

What did you think of Bernardo Bertolucci’s filmed adaptation of The Sheltering Sky in 1990?

I didn’t like it at all.

Lately there have been several documentaries made about your life, like the 1996 documentary, The Complete Outsider. Did you see the movie?

Yes. I didn’t like it very much.

What do you think they meant by the title?

I don’t know. I don’t feel like an outsider.

Are you a religious person?

No.

Were you raised Christian?

No. My parents didn’t have any religious affiliation at all. I was told as a child that although people might believe in God, that I mustn’t. I’ve never been a deist. My grandparents were not. They were all atheists. Religion was a subject which was forbidden to be discussed in the house. Religion and sex were out.

What do you think of Christianity now?

Christianity is a mix of paganism and Judaism, but the one good thing Christ did was to evoke empathy, like with the Golden Rule. “Do unto others as you would have done unto yourself.’’ However, I can’t understand the idea of the virgin birth and life after death. How can Christ claim he was the son of man, as if God had a son? Jesus had to be insane to say that.

What about Islam? Living in a Moorish country, did you ever consider it?

The cannibalism of Christianity repulses the Moors. Although I sympathize with them, I don’t think Islam is all that great either. I would never join an organized religion.

Sartre recanted and accepted God on his deathbed. As you grow older, do you think about God?

No, I can’t do that. You can’t suddenly decide to be a deist.

You’ve done your part to preserve Moroccan culture, such as recording Moroccan music and documenting it.

In the 1960s, I had a Rockefeller grant to do that, but I had to give everything I recorded to the Library of Congress in Washington. And after many years—13 years later—they decided they could issue two records of that music. They didn’t do it earlier because of the Vietnam War. They had no money. At least they said they had no money. That I don’t believe.

Were there political motivations?

No. I don’t know why it would be. They didn’t want to allocate the funds necessary. It would have meant giving the funds to the Library of Congress for archives and they weren’t prepared to do that. Now Rounder Records in the States are making them into CDs.

Have you heard the Police’s song, “Tea in the Sahara” on Synchronicity (named after the first section of The Sheltering Sky)?

Yes. The words are silly—“Tea in the Sahara with you.” I didn’t think it was a bit of genius, but that’s a popular song, I suppose.

You’ve said you’re a composer first and a novelist second. Why?

Writing music is more difficult than writing words. There is so much more to writing one score.

What do you think about the idea that people are moved by your work?

It’s satisfying. It doesn’t change my opinion of the work, however. I don’t think the work is better because of that.

What is your opinion of your work?

I don’t have much—I mean, not very high. You can’t admire yourself very well.

Is there anything you would have done differently?

No.

Do you have any advice for budding writers?

If you write a novel, don’t go back and reread it, because you’ll tear it apart and you’ll never, ever get anywhere. Just write straight through, get a body, get an end and then go back.

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Consumer Protection Laws & CBD Products—What You Need to Know Before Going to Market

By now, cannabis companies have heard that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a slew of warning letters to sellers of CBD products for selling unapproved and mislabeled drugs and illegally adulterated food, as prohibited by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. However, companies marketing CBD products should know that making any health-related claims about their products also exposes them to liability under state and federal consumer protection laws. These laws additionally prevent CBD sellers from misrepresenting how much CBD is contained in their products, and even govern how companies communicate with their customers via text message. As the former head of consumer protection enforcement in Colorado and a lawyer routinely defending consumer protection class actions in California, we have seen firsthand how not considering these laws when developing a sales and marketing strategy can result in protracted and expensive litigation.

Consumer Protection Laws – Federal and State

Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Act provides that “unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce . . . are declared unlawful.”1 The FTC enforces this law, and has clarified that “deceptive” practices involve a material representation, omission or practice that is likely to mislead a reasonable consumer under the circumstances.In other words, a claim is deceptive if an average consumer would believe and rely on the misleading claim to buy something. With the rise of social media marketing, the FTC has also issued disclosure guidelines for companies and influencers promoting products online.3 Every state has some form of consumer protection statute that similarly prevents deceptive marketing, and is typically enforced by the state’s attorney general. Many state laws also allow for consumers to bring actions themselves.

Both the FTC and state attorneys general have used these laws for decades against companies making scientifically unsupported health claims about their products. Just this month, the FTC and the Maine attorney general filed a lawsuit against two dietary supplement companies who were claiming that their products were a “miraculous natural solution” for life-threatening diseases. According to the lawsuit, the companies violated a 2018 settlement that required them to not make any health claims about their products without first conducting at least one randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to support the claims.4 While much of the enforcement around dietary supplements has focused on unsubstantiated health claims, other actions have been brought for improper “expert” endorsements as well as misrepresenting the amount of active ingredient contained in the supplement.5 In other words, these laws are used to police all manner of labelling and marketing of products, including those containing CBD. The FTC has already issued warning letters to CBD companies several times this year, and has stated that CBD sellers could be subject to enforcement for making unsubstantiated health claims.6

While consumer protection laws are largely focused on the content of advertisements, there are also laws that address how sellers can communicate with consumers. The Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) restricts telemarketing and the use of automated systems to contact consumers, and applies to both voice calls and text messaging. Both the FTC and state attorneys general can enforce the TCPA, and consumers can bring private TCPA actions as well. Because the TCPA allows for courts to award $500 per violation—that is, per illegal call or text—companies can face judgments into the millions of dollars.

Recent Consumer Protection Lawsuits in the Cannabis Industry

Cannabis is proving to be an attractive target for consumer protection litigation.All companies need to navigate consumer protection laws when they market their products, but class action lawyers may be pursuing cannabis companies in particular because of the products’ legal uncertainty, and because they provide opportunities for unique claims of deception. For example, a nationwide class of consumers recently filed a lawsuit in California against a CBD company that had received a warning letter from the FDA in November of this year, alleging that they would not have purchased the company’s CBD products if they knew selling the items was illegal.7 The consumers claimed violations of a variety of California and Arizona consumer protection laws, including those related to breach of warranty and unfair competition. Other lawsuits have been brought because products did not contain the amount of CBD as represented on the label, or because the product claimed to not contain THC when it did.8

Cannabis companies have been subject to TCPA class actions as well. Florida’s largest medical marijuana company has been accused of spamming customers with unwanted texts in violation of the TCPA.9 A dispensary with multiple locations in Colorado was also the subject of a TCPA class action complaint in Florida alleging that it did not obtain prior consent from consumers prior to texting them.10

Cannabis is proving to be an attractive target for consumer protection litigation. However, companies can head off lawsuits by thoroughly vetting their marketing strategies with experienced consumer protection lawyers before going to market.


References

 

  1.  15 U.S.C. Sec. 45(a)(1).
  2. See FTC Policy Statement on Deception, October 14, 1983.
  3. See Disclosures 101 for Social Media Influencers at https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/business-center/guidance/disclosures-101-social-media-influencers.
  4. See https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/press-releases/2019/12/ftc-state-maine-file-contempt-action-against-dietary-supplement.
  5. See FTC v. Nobetes Corp., Case No. 2:18-cv-10068 (C. D. Cal) (complaint against supplement company for using deceptive endorsements); “New York Attorney General Targets Mislabeled Herbal Supplements,” https://www.npr.org/2015/02/03/383578263/new-york-attorney-general-targets-mislabeled-herbal-supplements. (detailing the New York attorney general’s investigation of herbal supplements, and finding that they did not contain the ingredients as advertised).
  6. See https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/blogs/business-blog/2019/09/making-cbd-health-claims-careful-disseminating.
  7. Fausett et al. v. KOI CBD, LLC., Case No. 2:19-cv-10318 (C. D. Cal).
  8. Potter et al v. PotNetwork Holdings, Inc., Diamond CBD, Inc., and First Capital Venture Co., Case No. 19-cv-24017, (S. D. FL); Horn v. Medical Marijuana, Inc., Case No. 15-cv-701-FPG, (W.D.N.Y.).
  9. Jaslow v. Trulieve, Inc., Case No. 4:19-cv-RH-CAS (N.D. Fla.).
  10. Stinnett v. Hobby Farms, LLC d/b/a A Cut Above, Case No. 9:18-cv-81449-RLR (S.D. Fla.)

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How to Grow Cannabis Plants for Concentrate Production

While flower is still the most popular way to consume cannabis, the concentrates market is booming. Some predict concentrates will be nearly as popular as flower by 2022, with an estimated $8.5 billion in retail sales. That’s a lot of concentrates and, chances are, cannabis producers are already feeling the pressure to keep up.

Concentrates refer to products made from processing cannabis – often resulting in much higher THC or CBD percentages. The category includes oils, wax, dabs, shatter, live resin and hash. Consumers are increasingly drawn to these cannabis products for their near-immediate and intense effects. They’re often consumed through vaporization, dabbing or sublingual absorption and are sometimes favored by those who want to avoid smoking. Cannabis growers who have traditionally focused on flower yields may decide to prioritize quality and potency levels in order to tap into these changing consumer tastes.

What Growers Should Focus on to Produce High Quality Concentrates
We’ll let you in on a little secret: making good concentrates starts with good flower. If you’re starting with low-quality flower, it’s impossible to create a high-quality concentrate. Whatever qualities inherent to the flower you’re starting with will be amplified post-processing. So, really, the concentrate-making process starts at the seedling level, requiring the right care and attention to coax out the results you’re looking for.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), just one of hundreds of cannabinoids found in cannabis.

But what makes good flower? While this can be a subjective question, those producing concentrates generally look for flowers with big, abundant trichomes. Trichomes are the small, dewy structures found across the cannabis plant on buds, leaves and even the stem. They’re responsible for producing the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes – the chemical compounds that give a strain its unique benefits, aroma and taste. Evolutionarily, trichomes attract pollinators, deter hungry herbivores and provide some defense against wind, cold and UV radiation.

Generally, trichomes indicate how potent the flower is. Plus, what we’re most often looking for when making concentrates is higher cannabinoid and terpene profiles, while also ensuring absolute safety.

What measures can growers take to produce crops that are ideal for concentrate production? Start with the following:

Avoiding Contaminants
Just like you would wash your fruits and vegetables before consumption, consumers want to be sure there’s no dangerous residuals in the concentrate they are ingesting. Growers can avoid any post-process residuals by taking a few key steps, including:

  • Photo: Michelle Tribe, Flickr

    Cutting out the pesticides. Any pesticides that are on your flowers before they go through processing will show up in your concentrates, often even more – you guessed it – concentrated. This is a serious health concern for consumers who might be sensitive to certain chemicals or have compromised immune systems. It’s dangerous to healthy consumers, too. Rather than spraying hazardous chemicals, growers could consider integrated pest management techniques, such as releasing predatory insects.

  • Limit foliar spraying. Some growers will use foliar spraying to address nutrient deficiency or pest-related issues through delivering nutrients straight to the leaves. However, this can also result in contaminated concentrates. If you really need to spray, do it during the vegetative stage or investigate organic options.
  • Taking the time to flush the crop. This is a critical step in reducing potential contaminants in your concentrate, especially if you’re using a non-organic nutrient solution or fertilizer. Flushing simply means only giving your plants water during the final two weeks of flowering before harvest, resulting in a cleaner, non-contaminated flower and therefore a cleaner concentrate.

Perfecting the Indoor Environment
When cultivating cannabis indoors, growers are given ultimate control over their crop. They control how much light the plants receive, the lighting schedule, temperature and humidity levels. Creating the ideal environment for your cannabis crop is the number one way to ensure healthy plants and quality concentrates. There are many factors to consider when maintaining an indoor grow:

  • Temperature regulation. Trichomes are sensitive to temperature changes and start to degrade if they’re too hot or too cold. To maintain the best trichome structure, you’ll want to maintain an ideal temperature – for most strains, this falls between an idyllic 68 and 77 degrees.
  • Adequate light. For plants to perform photosynthesis indoors, they’ll need an appropriate light source – preferably one that is full-spectrum. Full-spectrum LEDs are able to closely replicate the sun and provide ample, uniform light to your crop. Another selling point for LEDs is their low heat output, making it much easier for growers to regulate ambient heat.

    dry cannabis plants
    Rows of cannabis plants drying and curing following harvest

  • Another necessary ingredient for photosynthesis is CO2. Providing your indoor crops with CO2 can boost plant size and yields and, therefore, provides more surface area for trichomes to develop and thrive.
  • Cold snap prior to harvest. Some growers rely on this age-old tactic for one last push before harvest – lowering their temperature for a few days right at the end of the flower cycle. They believe this puts the plants into a defense mode and will produce more trichomes in order to protect themselves.

Following Best Practices Post-Harvest
You made it to harvest – you’re almost done!

When harvesting and storing your plants, handle them with care to reduce damage to trichomes. If you’re planning on immediately making concentrates, you can move forward to the drying and curing process. If you’re going to wait a few weeks before processing, freeze your plants. This will preserve the cannabinoid and terpene profiles at their peak.

As the cannabis industry continues to expand, more consumers are likely to reach for concentrates at their local dispensaries. It makes sense that businesses want to diversify their offerings to satisfy customers looking for the most effective way to consume cannabis. As with any cannabis-derived product, producers will want to prioritize quality and safety – especially in the concentrate market.

The post How to Grow Cannabis Plants for Concentrate Production appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.


Preparing Your Recall Strategies

A product recall is the removal of a defective product from the market because it can cause harm to the consumer or place the manufacturer at risk of legal action.

Although a recall is not something that companies want to be related to, preparing for it is very critical and it is an important part of crisis management.Product recalls can cost companies million dollars in profit loss and civil damages. The company senior management and employees can also face criminal action, if the investigation shows negligent acts. The company will also face loss of reputation and the trust of its customers.

Although a recall is not something that companies want to be related to, preparing for it is very critical and it is an important part of crisis management.

There are several phases when preparing a recall strategy:

Planning Phase

During the planning phase, a recall plan is developed. A recall plan is the procedure that will be followed by an appointed company’s team during an actual recall. A good recall plan will have the following components:

  • Definitions of the type of products recalls. According to federal regulations, there are three types of recalls. The company should know what type of recall they are performing to understand the risk the consumer is facing.
  • A Recall Team. The recall team is the key stakeholders that are responsible for different processes within the company. A good recall team will be multidisciplinary. A multidisciplinary team is a group of people that have different responsibilities within the manufacturing site (i.e. Receiving Manager, QA Manager, etc.) and/or outside (i.e. Legal Counsel, Public Relations, etc.) 
  • A description of the recall team member’s responsibilities must be outlined. A recall coordinator and a backup should be assigned to ensure that there is one person organizing all activities during the recall. 
  • A Communication Plan. It is important that only the appointed person that has the responsibility of external communications (i.e. media, regulators, customers, key stakeholders, etc.). In addition, there should be only one person appointed to handle all the communication within the team (internal communications.)
  • Documents to be used during the recall are:
    • Communication documents: Letters to customers, regulators and media must be drafted and kept on hand for use during the crisis.
    • Forms that will be used to keep track of product inventory on hand (still in the site), product being returned and product being destroyed.
  • A Traceability Procedure should be in place to ensure that materials used in the manufacturing of the finished good can be traced from the time of the delivery to the facility and throughout the product manufacturing process. In addition, traceability must also be provided for finished goods from the manufacturing site to its first point of distribution. This is known as traceability one step back (materials used) and one step forward (first point of distribution.)

    PlantTag
    A plant tagged with a barcode and date for tracking

  • A description of (or reference to) product quarantine (product hold) procedures that must be followed to ensure that the product that is still at the site do not leave the facility. 
  • Product Destruction The company must outline (or reference) how product will be destroyed during a recall process.

Implementation Phase

There are three processes that need to be followed when implementing the recall plan:

  • Training: The recall team must be trained on their roles and responsibilities. Employees working at the site will be receiving directives from the appointed recall team members. It is also important that they are aware about the recall plan and understand the importance of urgency during the situation.
  • Exercise: It is important that the company doesn’t wait until the incident occurs to ensure that everyone in the team understands their roles and responsibilities during the recall. Therefore, annual testing of the procedure is imperative. This implies creating a “mock recall” situation and providing the information to the team to evaluate if they fully understand their role and responsibilities. This also allows the testing of the traceability protocols and systems that have been put in place by the site. Ensure that the team understands that this is an exercise and not an actual recall. You don’t want the team members going through the emotions that an actual recall gives. However, stress the importance of their participation during this exercise. You do not communicate to customers, media or regulators during a recall exercise. 
  • Execution: This is the actual recall and full implementation of the plan. During the actual recall, you communicate to the regulators, customers and media. The company must also conduct daily recall effectiveness checks by using the forms developed for tracking product inventory, recovery and destruction. 
  • Identify root cause and implement corrective actions. Root cause(s) will be identified during the recall process by analyzing the information resulting from the investigation of the incident. Regulatory agencies will actively participate in the discussion for identifying in the implementation of corrective actions. 

Improvement Phase

The recall team should always meet after the recall exercise or the actual recall incident. The team must evaluate what positive or negative outcomes resulted from the process. If there are gaps identified, these need to be closed, so the process is improved.

The post Preparing Your Recall Strategies appeared first on Cannabis Industry Journal.


Flashback Friday: Everything You Wanted To Know About Quaaludes

Before Bill Cosby admitted to drugging women with quaaludes and allergy meds, quaaludes were a staple of the American recreational drug scene, one that “everyone remembers fondly.” It’s even been called an “icon of the 1970s,” before it was discontinued in 1985—in part because of its widespread illegal recreational use. In the October, 1980 issue of High Times, we featured quaaludes as a centerfold and discussed why they were called everything from a dangerous downer to an aphrodisiac.


Q. Are Quaaludes (methaqualone) really the ultimate love drug?

A. Different strokes for different folks, really. A lot of people do ‘ludes to get high, lower their inhibitions and go to town. A lot of other people use grass, booze and fast cars for the same thing. Since lots of people expect to get horny behind ‘ludes, more often than not they do. But there are always some people who use the Quaalude euphoria as an excuse to act out pent-up hostilities or self-pity and that gets decidedly antiaphrodisiacal. And there are always some people for whom the drug euphoria becomes an end in itself, and these folks will tend to prefer getting high to making love. Basically no, sexual arousal is not a specific pharmacological property of methaqualone.

Q. Are Quaaludes as addictive as barbiturates?

A. As with reds and Tuies, regular ‘ludes users do tend to develop a tolerance to the euphoria and need progressively higher doses to get suitably stoned. But unlike barbiturates, ‘ludes don’t tend to promote heavy withdrawal symptoms—craving, convulsions, cramps—when a moderate user gives them up. Most people who do ‘ludes can voluntarily and independently kick their dose down from, say once a day to twice a week, without anything like the trouble they’d have with barbiturates.

People who get strung out on ‘ludes to the point where they’re socially dysfunctional will need help kicking the habit. The Haight-Ashbury Free Clinic detox center in San Francisco switches heavy ‘ludes junkies to phenobarbital, a far less euphoric trank, for a standard ten-day step-down kick; they could probably step them down just as easily with methaqualone itself, detox chief Dr. Daryl Inaba says, but the euphoria would probably undermine their determination to kick at all.

Q. How safe are bootleg ’ludes?

A. Alas; the boot ‘lude scene has been rendered entirely unsafe this year with the appearance on the streets of “Valium ‘ludes.” These are counterfeit ‘ludes containing massive amounts of diazepam, the active principal in Valium. People who’ve been burned with these things typically experience vomiting, prolonged sleep, hours of general spaciness on awakening and amnesia for the whole wretched, ugly episode. People who pop these weird diazepam boots along with real ‘ludes in the same mouthful stand a substantial risk of going into coma, respiratory depression and dying. Contrary to common street rumor; there’s really no dependable way to tell one of these killer boots from a real ‘lude by checking the pill markings, size or weight of the tabs. Bootleg Quaaludes are simply not a safe deal anymore.

Q. Well, how do you tell for sure if you’ve got real pharmaceutical ’ludes?

A. Your best shot is to get them on prescription, and even then it gets confusing. The William H. Rorer Company of Pennsylvania used to put out Rorer 714s. Then last year they sold the copyright to the Lemmon Company of Pennsylvania, who currently produce Lemmon 714s. But now Lemmon says it’s about to change the name of the drug itself from Quaalude to Mequin, so God knows what ‘ludes will look like a year from now.

Q. What are ’ludes supposed to be good for, anyway?

A. Their official indication in the PDR is to promote sleep for hard-core insomniacs and to promote “daytime sedation.” However almost everyone we know who’s ever done the recommended therapeutic “sleep” dose— 150 to 300 milligrams, representing a half or a whole Lemmon 714—has reported that the conscious euphoria is far more interesting than plain old tranked-out dreamless sleep. Methaqualone was supposedly developed as a nonbarbiturate sedative with a low addiction factor; and it’s still billed that way. However; very few hospitals or clinics issue ‘ludes routinely anymore, and fewer and fewer GPs are writing ‘scrips for them.

Q. If High Times isn’t that enthusiastic about ’ludes, why are you running such a snazzy Quaalude centerfold?

A. It got you to read this, right? Now you know everything you ever wanted to know about ‘ludes, and maybe a little more than you ever wanted to know.

The post Flashback Friday: Everything You Wanted To Know About Quaaludes appeared first on High Times.


High Times Greats: Interview With Marianne Faithfull

To celebrate Marianne Faithfull’s birthday December 29, we’re republishing a piece from October, 1980 in which she sat down with interviewer Ann Bardach to discuss a new album, a fresh sense of what she’d been through, and the balls to tell it like it really was.


Marianne Faithfull slouches in her hotel bed, nursing a sore throat while talking on the telephone. Though semiclad in the finest of lace and silk black minislips, her modesty is shielded by a quilted cover, secured in place beneath her chest by a tray precariously laden with a teapot, saucers of honey, plates of lemon and assorted teacups. Her impeccable diction is spoken through the huskiest tones heard since Marlene Dietrich in The Blue Angel. “Listen and understand that I intend to direct, yes, direct plays,” she explains emphatically into the receiver. “Then, you see, no one could call me another rock ‘n’ roll clone.”

The new Faithfull album takes its title and a lion’s share of its thematic concerns from the infamous, banned and highly esteemed 18th-century French novel, Les Liaisons dangereuses, by Choderlos de Lochs. Structured entirely around the letters written from one character to another, Les Liaisons remains a mesmerizing, sinister chronicle of the aristocracy’s peculiar penchant for intrigue and the amoral. (After Marie Antoinette literally lost her head, a copy of the not-for-ladies novel was found in her bedchamber, deceptively bound into a nondescript white book.) Published to a scandalized, but sufficiently titillated readership in 1782, Lachs’s novel gave new meaning to the word decadence. As opposed to de Sade’s romanticized cruelty, packaged in flypaper philosophy, Lochs stripped decadence of any lurking glitter, gloss or glory down to the bare bones of sterile self-degradation. It’s easy to see how such a novel would be of more than passing interest to one who attended and dropped out of both Catholic Convent School and the Rolling Stone Academy of Living Arts.

Marianne Faithfull was perhaps one of the few who wasn’t stunned senseless by the critical accolades and commercial bonanza of Broken English. Not long after the title track scurried up to the top of the charts, Faithfull and her backup assault troop were back home in London recording her next album. “This one is for art and me, not the critics,” Faithfull said firmly, while penning tunes in early April. “Fuck the critics.” Producer-maestro Mark Miller Mundy describes Broken English as “somewhat Gothic” in relation to what they were recording at press time, recalling that “someone we met in Germany compared listening to it with the same feeling he came away with after seeing Apocalypse Now.”

High Times: When you were 17, having made your first record, did you feel that you had an artistic impulse?

Faithfull: Oh no. I wanted to make some money. I was a cultural snob when I was 17. I suppose that I must have been extraordinary in the way that a 17-year-old girl is, from a convent in Reading. You have no idea if you are pretty or ugly or beautiful. There were no mirrors in my convent. I was probably amazing looking and I had this really extraordinary name. I’ve lost it all now of course.

High Times: While you were living with Mick Jagger you still had that attitude?

Faithfull: I didn’t live with Mick Jagger until three years after.

High Times: So that’s a myth.

Faithfull: Yes. Absolutely. You see, the myth is that I meet Mick Jagger, he writes “As Tears Go By,” I record it. That’s all shit. No—I met Andrew Oldham. He had an outtake, I recorded it. I only met Mick Jagger like “How do you do”—nothing. He was at the session and—I might not have known if I was pretty or beautiful, but I certainly knew I thought I was very special and I didn’t talk to people like that.

High Times: Because of the working-class thing or your own special beauty?

Faithfull: No, not the working class. No, no. Just because I was more special, and London at that time was, was all so cool.

High Times: Were you married to John Dunbar at that point?

Faithfull: No, no, no. No, I was just at school getting ready to go to university. John was at Cambridge. He was my boyfriend, he was my first boyfriend.

High Times: When do you meet again, live with Jagger?

Faithfull: That’s three years later. That’s 17, 18, 19. “As Tears Go By” was a hit in 1964. I immediately started to work like.. [Groans.] That really was the reason that I haven’t done anything. That’s what happens; I mean I’m not the only person that this has happened to.

High Times: You become a media phenomenon. But the role though was as this pretty, classy, mysterious girl.

Faithfull: I was so pure! I married John, I had Nicholas in 1966. I just worked very hard, and then when I was 19 and John was still not really doing anything, I was still going up to Manchester to do three clubs in one night, coming back with a thousand quid. I knew at that moment—it sounds so arrogant—but I could have done what I wanted and I decided to…

High Times: This is before the Stones?

Faithfull: Oh no, I’m married to John, I’ve had Nicholas and I’m now into my fourth hit. I got very sick of working so hard and I thought perhaps I should get with somebody with some money and then I wouldn’t have to work so hard. Because I was keeping the whole situation and I really got sick of it.

High Times: People associate your fame with Jagger and forget you were a star before you lived with him.

Faithfull: What really annoys me, the only thing that annoys me, is that it implies that I had to fuck Jagger before I got the record deal, which is bullshit! Nonsense! It so happened that Mick and Keith wrote “As Tears Go By.” That’s all they had to do with it.

High Times: When you did start living with Jagger, did you feel overshadowed?

Faithfull: Well I stopped making records.

High Times: How come you never got the credit on “Sister Morphine”?

Faithfull: Well, I suppose bad blood a lot.

High Times: But they acknowledge now that you wrote it, begrudgingly so.

Faithfull: No, what happened was Keith wrote to Allen Klein. This is what I’ve heard. I haven’t asked Keith because I haven’t seen him, but it’s possible because Keith does do these sudden fits of honor you know. He wrote to Allen Klein and said, “I don’t know whether you know this, but Marianne wrote the words to ‘Sister Morphine.’ Therefore she must get half the royalties.” Because that was something between me and Mick.

High Times: When was it written?

Faithfull: 1968. I guess when I did eventually live with Mick I just became very dazzled by it all. I’d been away from school by then for long enough to forget. My God, you know, how could I possibly compete against the Rolling Stones? Of course there was no need for me to compete, but I didn’t realize that.

High Times: It was also a time when women had limited roles in the rock world. You made a nice home for Mick to be creative in.

Faithfull: All this stuff, yeah. Yeah.

High Times: Which brings us to Tony Sanchez’s book, Up and Down with the Rolling Stones. Did you cooperate ?

Faithfull: He wasn’t a chauffeur, he was the dealer!

High Times: In Sanchez’s book, does he lie, does he distort, do you have another version? There is an incredible chapter with you, him and his girl friend, Madeline. The three of you go to bed and she overdoses and you come out of bed and you write a song about her…

Faithfull: Madeline. [Pause.] Obviously months went by in between.

High Times: You would say that in its own crude way it’s an honest book?

Faithfull: Sort of, yes.

High Times: It doesn’t bother you? The Rolling Stones are upset about this book.

Faithfull: But I mean—how can I be upset? I saved Tony’s fucking neck when Madeline died. I went to the inquest and did the whole thing for him. I knew Tony wasn’t going to slag me off in that book.

High Times: You’re very much the convent girl in it. Even during the Stones’ first bust, when you’re “the naked girl in the fur rug,” there is still a little halo over you.

Faithfull: Well, that’s nonsense!

High Times: Not “the naked girl in the fur rug” in the London bust?

Faithfull: Oh yes! Oh yes!

High Times: Is that in the police report?

Faithfull: I don’t know. I mean nobody would ever have known if I hadn’t said I was. We’d gone down to the country to get high on acid. It was the first acid, Owsley acid, we had ever had—any of us. I didn’t know the routine yet. I didn’t bring a change of clothes. We spent the day having a wonderful time in the woods and everything in the country. When we got back, I had a bath. I had nothing else to wear, but on the bed in the room was a beautiful—not really that beautiful but it looked beautiful at the time because I was very stoned—rug. So while my bath was running—you know, you can’t wait to get your clothes off because you’ve been sweating—I took all my clothes off and put the rug around me like you would a bath towel. Ran the bath, came down and sat down with my rug around me, at which point 25 policemen walked in. That’s all.

High Times: There wasn’t a panic that cops had run in on everybody’s first trip?

Faithfull: No, no, no. We were just quietly coming down by then, having a few joints. It only hit us like five hours later what had happened. It was really funny. There was nothing really there. I don’t know what they expected. I didn’t have anything on me anyway. I didn’t even have any clothes on. I just had a rug on. So there was nothing found in the pocket of my rug. Oh fuck! I didn’t know that they were so angry about that [Sanchez book]. I gathered that Keith thought and felt the same way about it almost that I did.

High Times: With the image of all of you as junkies, what did—

Faithfull: I think Tony overdid it there. I’m sure. I was already out of it by then. I never went to the south of France. I was gone. I really don’t think it could have been that bad. See, I think the turning point is that tiny incident where Anita [Pallenberg] and Keith said they were going to give Tony back his dope and he waited outside till four o’clock in the morning and they never did. I’m not joking. It’s so typical. “I’m going to get them!” You know, Tony said things in that book that he really shouldn’t have said. It doesn’t matter, it’s not the point. It was just cruel. About Anita. I’m very fond of Anita. She’s one of my few friends in New York and I see her when I can. Everyone sort of hates her at the moment. Because Anita was at the Mudd Club when I performed, Mick wouldn’t come down.

High Times: He wanted to come see the show?

Faithfull: Well, I’m quite glad he didn’t come, because it wasn’t such a great show.

High Times: You would have felt bad disappointing him?

Faithfull: Yes, I would actually, because I think he’s proud of me at the moment. And I want him to be.

High Times: What was your great moment of truth, your deus ex machina? Was that Ned Kelly, the overdose on the set?

Faithfull: Oh yeah, the overdose. Already when I was doing Ophelia, I would get back from work and stare at the river, you know. I was hardly into junk then at all yet.

High Times: Not yet?

Faithfull: I only really got into junk because I wanted to know. He was always being busted for what—

High Times: For what you had?

Faithfull: Yeah. And it’s not on. And I knew what he wanted to really do. He wanted to be such, all that, you know—–

High Times: A superstar.

Faithfull: Yeah! And I would have held him back or something or I would have died. Probably I would have died. I’d been doing Ophelia. I’m not a real actress. The only way I can do something like that, is to become…

High Times: The part.

Faithfull: Yes, so it’s possible that I had a leftover thing—feeling from playing a suicide. It was all very quick.

High Times: Playing the suicide, wanting to be an addict and going to Australia?

Faithfull: No, no, no, no. Nothing to do with being an addict. Playing Ophelia, Brian dying, the whole Hyde Park thing and then going off to Australia. It had nothing to do with smack.

High Times: Was it to do with breaking up the relationship with Jagger?

Faithfull: He was amazing. I mean, he saved my life!! I don’t know how I did it. I still don’t know how I managed to take 150 Tuinals. That’s not funny!

High Times: Let’s jump a decade. When you chose to record Broken English, I understand that this book, Hitler’s Children, inspired you to write the title track.

Faithfull: Ben [her husband] bought that book. He wanted to write the RAF Love Song. But I’m a quicker reader.

High Times: The Luftwaffe Love Song—not the Royal Air Force?

Faithfull: Well no, the RAF is Red Army Faction, Baader-Meinhof symbol. I happened to read it quicker and I was fascinated with [Ulrike] Meinhof because while we were at the end of this sort of beginning of the ’70s, while we were fucking up ourselves with drugs, or a lot of people were, they were going out robbing banks in Germany for 50 million deutsche marks. And it was interesting because it was like one of those “there but for the grace of God go I.” Except that most people say that when they look at me. But I’m still alive and she’s dead with a hole in the back of her neck. Suicide I believe. Hah!

High Times: It’s a great political song. I mean we haven’t heard things like that since “Blowing in the Wind.”

Faithfull: I’m not really very political. It’s simply my sum-up of that situation. She was the one that I felt was the only one who was politically sound and pure. Her aims were true in some way. Not right, but pure. And so pointless really. As pointless as being a junkie, but she was trying. The German people are so flipped by that war, you know. They have the highest suicide rate in the world in Berlin.

High Times: Highest overdoses too.

Faithfull: But all those people, Meinhof and Gudrun Ensen and all of them, came from East Germany. Personally, I think that’s the most brilliant thing the Russians have ever done is build that wall and keep it there. Because all that happens is it manifests itself in some kind of glamorous terrorism. Which is a really stupid thing to say, but you know what I mean. Whereas without it, something else might happen. Much bigger.

High Times: Why did you choose Heathcote Williams’s poem “Why D’Ya Do It?” to record?

Faithfull: I was looking for material. They’d just done a movie, the video of The Abdication of Queen Elizabeth II. Heathcote would love in a way—one of his fantasies is to be a bit, is to be Mick Jagger. He never would be because he’s more interested in art. He turned to me and said, “Well, I really wanted Tina Turner to do it.” So, I said, “Well, that’s great—Tina Turner or Diana Ross. Come on, Heathcote, they’re not going to do it.”

High Times: So you weren’t coaxed into doing it?

Faithfull: Oh no!

High Times: Didn’t you feel a little embarrassed singing it at first, a woman’s jealousy song?

Faithfull: Well, that rage had been building up for years! It did have to come out one day and now, thank God, it’s gone! It makes it all sound very dramatic, yes. I did it in one take, the vocal. We all did. It’s so ooh, you know, that was what was such a drag about the Mudd Club, you couldn’t hear a word. I couldn’t get the real inflection that I wanted.

High Times: Did you worry that your mother was going to hear you singing those words?

Faithfull: My mother was a dancer with Max Reinhardt in Berlin, and she is not a prude on that level at all! She never minded what book I read when I was a child, growing up. She just wouldn’t like me to read bad books. I mean I could read the Marquis de Sade but I couldn’t read pornography. She’s a bit like that. I find I have to wait. I’m not very good at singing it in the morning—I still get embarrassed about it. I’ve got to loosen up a bit.

High Times: You never went through a period where you thought, “No one has ever done this. I haven’t done anything in ten years, and now I will do something that is truly a precedent. I could make a fool of myself.’

Faithfull: I couldn’t make a fool of myself if I stuck to the truth. The only point of doing it again was to make a record that was the truth. You’ve read Tony Sanchez’s version of the truth and then there is mine! [Laughs.] Fucking hell! I’ve had lots of people come up to me from musicians to record-company people saying we can release this as an underground version or something like that. People have said this or “Take it off the album.” We’ve lost a lot of sales in England because of it. You can’t sell it in WH Smith or Boots or Woolworth’s. EMI wouldn’t press it. Though I must say for Chris Blackwell [president of Island Records], he never did that. A lot of people have been very shocked. But it hasn’t really mattered to us because it’s the best thing on the album.

High Times: After a show, a woman went up to you and said, “You know, that record saved my life.” Her boyfriend had left her and I heard that she was playing it five times every morning to get herself out of bed because the rage propelled her.

Faithfull: You realize you can actually strike back.

High Times: When did you realize that?

Faithfull: Very, very recently. Our conditioning is that you’re a victim. All that really was never true anyway because you see… There is another thing I can talk about ’til I’m blue in the face but no one will ever believe it and I don’t want to hurt Mick because it’s important for his macho trip. He likes people to think I was left miserable and all that I don’t really care. But, in fact it was mutual. It wasn’t really mutual because I did go off to do something else, which was to be an addict [Laughs.]

High Times: Contrary to myth, not the victim…

Faithfull: Yeah, so I never felt that I’d been betrayed and lost and left really at all. Only when I met Ben and I found out he was having an affair with somebody. By then I was much older and not as beautiful and a bit more insecure about it all. And then I really felt—I never felt it before—that kind of jealousy. I had always shrugged my shoulders and said, “What the fuck, if you are going to have a scene with someone, I will.” But with this one I didn’t want him to do it. I didn’t want that to happen where it spirals off into how many scenes you can have, you know.

High Times: So the rage on “Why D’Ya Do It?” is more current than from your Jagger days?

Faithfull: Yes. But presumably, like everything else, it’s a conglomeration of everything. I mean, Mick obviously had loads of scenes while I was with him, but I’ll give him this, I didn’t know about them. I only found out afterwards. And I was pretty furious, I must say, but what could I do, because I was doing the same. It doesn’t matter.

High Times: Doing it openly?

Faithfull: I didn’t tell him, you didn’t talk, you know.

High Times: You didn’t talk in the cool days.

Faithfull: Nobody talked. I didn’t particularly hide anything but I never said anything either. You just didn’t talk. Perhaps it was all that hash.

High Times: All that chic. Do you feel proud that your record is a vindication of your previous image of victim-waif?

Faithfull: Oh yeah. Very. I’m very pleased that Mick’s proud of me because I realize people have been going up to him for a long time now and blaming him. “How could you do this to this lovely girl. You destroyed her,” and blah blah blah blah blah. And at last, it turns out in the end that the truth is I learned these tricks from him. I learned how to phrase, I learned all sorts of tricks. He taught me a lot.

High Times: How did your voice change so much?

Faithfull: I think it’s time in the widest possible sense, but on the other hand, it’s probably also cigarettes and whiskey and I don’t know. I mean I was 17 and now I’m 33. If I had that voice now it would be a joke.

High Times: Your whole album is rage. Your version of John Lennon’s “Working Class Hero” is chilling.

Faithfull: There’s a lot of rage in that, there is almost too much.

High Times: Where did you get all this class rage?

Faithfull: Well, because you see I’ve had it the other way around. Because I wasn’t working class, nobody would take me seriously. Because in the ’60s you had to be working class. You had to have had a very difficult life, you know.

High Times: Did you have a lot of guilt about that?

Faithfull: No, because I was a charity boarder at school and my mother brought me up on nine pounds a week maintenance from my father and we were really poor. The fact that she was an Austro-Hungarian baroness before the First World War when there was an emperor, which is so long ago that it doesn’t mean anything.

High Times: Only in England.

Faithfull: It doesn’t mean anything anywhere. They made a lot out of that, you see. Then for years, because of that, they always thought—I’m getting into “us and them,” aren’t I?—the people who give out the jobs thought I had a private income and I’d just done all this just for fun. Some young debutante wanting to, they really did. And this didn’t look so funny when I was starving in 1973 with my mother and Nicholas. It really became a big drag. I’d never even heard “Working Class Hero” because it wasn’t on the Imagine album in London, in England. I heard it on a jukebox in Wales, and although in some ways I still feel it is a very naive song, it’s the best class song I’ve ever heard and this process he describes, that crushing number he describes, “as soon as you’re born,” and it happens to everybody, it happens to middle-class people.

High Times: On your next album will you record more songs like “Why D’Ya Do It?”

Faithfull: I just don’t think it could happen again. I mean, there was the actual incident that sparked it off with Ben and this dumb broad.

High Times: Not from hurt with Jagger?

Faithfull: I am sure I drew on all that to get to that level. In some ways I am very pleased because it is like Mason Hoffenberg telling me, “It’s like a monkey off your back.” All that sort of fury. And I don’t think anyone will ever see me as a victim again, which is very important. Because it always pissed me off so much. One of the reasons I talked to Scaduto was —it may not even be true—but I heard that Mick was going around saying, like, somebody would say, “How is Marianne?” and he would say, “It’s so sad, she’s gone mad. She is just crazy now.” I was so angry about it.

High Times: Do you think he had to believe this to sustain his ego?

Faithfull: Looking back on it now—and now that it is all over and I have got it out of my system—it must have looked to him that I was insane because he thinks that people who would want to lead the life… To Mick the whole idea of—he doesn’t have that sort of obsession with…

High Times: Obsession with what?

Faithfull: Oh, you know, that life where all you think of is scoring. And I must say, I grew out of it eventually too.

High Times: When junk had become your life, did you know you were going to survive?

Faithfull: I didn’t give a damn. Unfortunately.

High Times: Did you always think you were a survivor?

Faithfull: I hate that word. I am very strong physically.

High Times: And you knew it then.

Faithfull: I always—well, it must be. My mother must have looked after herself when she was pregnant. I had a healthy background, upbringing. No money but lots of all the right food and everything. A lot of love.

High Times: And you were raised knowing you were a pretty girl.

Faithfull: My mother adored me. She got out of the war. It obviously was the most awful thing. And then she got me.

High Times: She got what?

Faithfull: She married my father and came to England and then I turned up. And then she lost three more children and then they broke up. That was it. There was only me.

High Times: What about the rumor about your son, that it was Mick Jagger’s child, not John Dunbar’s.

Faithfull: What, Nicholas? Well you see, it all goes back to this business that I met Mick Jagger and immediately went for him. They think we must have immediately gone off and had a scene and I got pregnant. I got a baby by John. Then I did get pregnant again. I lost it. That was Mick’s and that was one of the things—that is when things started to fuck up badly with me.

High Times: Were you using junk then?

Faithfull: I wasn’t actually using junk while I was pregnant. But I was taking Mandrax and all. I was trying very hard to come to myself. I miscarried, yes. I thought at the time that it was probably my lifestyle. Then after Australia [Ned Kelly location], it was quite clear I was very sick. My mother came to Australia and Mick had to go on working. I went to Switzerland with my mother and Nicholas. And I went to see this doctor, who I told about the miscarriage. She checked me out and found out that when I had had Nicholas they hadn’t gotten my muscles back together. So when the baby got to seven months I lost it. And that was that. Well, it was dreadful because I felt very guilty about it, you see.

High Times: Not taking care of yourself.

Faithfull: Yeah. I thought I had done it. In fact we had found this isn’t true. And when I have another baby—which I think I will, probably—they tie you off with something.

High Times: Do you think drugs serve a function?

Faithfull: Drugs… I think they do actually. Obviously we all blew it because—I don’t know why, but—though I had read De Quincey [Confessions of an English Opium-Eater], I do remember that everybody seemed to think, perhaps they always do, that they had discovered something completely new and nobody had ever turned on ever. Which, of course, is nonsense. Now I think some drugs do serve a purpose. I don’t think that very heavy narcotics do, actually. Cocaine is too expensive. And heroin. You just can’t do anything ever.

High Times: An unsociable and selfish drug.

Faithfull: Yes. And also very expensive. [Laughs.] Even more expensive. I found speed very useful, I must say. Well, I do.

High Times: You, Julie Burchill and Tony Parsons. Will people use more drugs in the ’80s?

Faithfull: Yes. It is very natural. Because there is going to be more leisure time.

High Times: Why is that?

Faithfull: Because of computers, robots and all the rest of it. The people’s way of finding something to do with themselves. The working day is getting shorter and shorter. And you can only watch so much television.

High Times: And so you have to put your own cassette in your mind—a drug.

Faithfull: Well, that is one answer.

High Times: How long have you been performing “Sister Morphine”?

Faithfull: Since I started singing again, which is about three years ago.

High Times: When did you write that?

Faithfull: It is very hard to remember really. I can remember everything very well, up to when I started living with Jagger. Then things run into each other very much and I can’t really remember dates. It must have been before Australia [1969]. Yes. Yes it was, quite a bit before.

High Times: Did you write it with Mick and Keith or just with Mick?

Faithfull: No, just with Mick. It was just a tune he had. You know they get a tune, they played it for months and I got so sick of it I said, “I think we should finish this song and go on to another one.” And he said, “So why don’t you write the words?” So I did. So it was quite easy, really, because I had the structure already. Because when I was doing gigs in England and Europe before we made the record, basically people were coming to see the girl who did this “As Tears Go By” tune. And what they actually got was ‘‘Sister Morphine,” “Broken English” and “Why D’Ya Do It?” And it was really funny watching that. I enjoyed it. [Chris] Blackwell likes breaking a bit of new ground. I must say I am very pissed off at Blackwell at the moment. All these numbers we have been through.

High Times: How old is your son, Nicholas?

Faithfull: Fourteen.

High Times: Where is he now, in London?

Faithfull: Yes. With John. He lives with John all the time.

High Times: Do you feel close to him?

Faithfull: To Nicholas? Yes, I do really. It has been a long time now.

High Times: How often do you get to see him?

Faithfull: Oh, I see him at least once a week or twice a week but only with John there. Or if I take him to the pictures, they make sure he comes with his cousin, or a friend, or a this or a that. It might be him. Perhaps he is scared of me. I don’t know. He might be scared of me. He lived with me until he was seven. I mean this is one of the problems of being a junkie. You think you are responsible only to yourself, and the only person you can hurt is you. This is nonsense. Because I hurt my mother, I must have hurt him. I hurt my friends.

High Times: Do you still feel drugs are something that you have to fight?

Faithfull: You always have to watch it. I have to be careful.

High Times: Do you feel that you are out of jeopardy?

Faithfull: I am way out of jeopardy in fact. But I am sure you have to be careful.

High Times: What do you think killed Brian Jones?

Faithfull: Himself. Lots of reasons. Takeover. He was my first…

High Times: Did you live with him first?

Faithfull: No. Anita did. Then Keith got Anita. That didn’t help; I shouldn’t think that did much for Brian. But I mean, they couldn’t help that. That was a true romance. A great love, et cetera. At least that is what it looked like at the time.

High Times: What will happen to her now?

Faithfull: Anita? She has been writing. I didn’t realize that, but she has been writing for years. She showed it to me the other day. Some of it is so good. Poetry. She needs to do a lot more work on it. Like everyone does.

High Times: Do you think she will continue to write?

Faithfull: Somebody has to care, you see. I mean, I wouldn’t get anything together if I hadn’t met Ben, because he cared. He did not care that I was famous or rich. He cared that I did something.

High Times: How old is he?

Faithfull: Twenty-nine.

High Times: Everybody is older now. Rock was originally an adolescent impulse and now you’re all pushing 35.

Faithfull: That is quite normal.

High Times: Do you still use your old fan club?

Faithfull: No I don’t. I sort of dropped the whole idea really. Times have changed.

High Times: Debbie Harry has a fan club.

Faithfull: Yes, but there is a difference! I mean I am a bit different. It is a lot of work too. Not for me, but for the person doing it. They get nothing for it. The last fan club I had was fascinating. Because all the letters I got were from people who were in prison. And they are only allowed to write one letter a week or a month.

High Times: I asked to interview Mick Jagger for Playboy.

Faithfull: Did he want to do it?

High Times: He wanted to do the interview, but for Penthouse because he made a deal for free ads. Do you believe it?

Faithfull: Of course I believe it. Do you want some Scotch?

The post High Times Greats: Interview With Marianne Faithfull appeared first on High Times.


Klan Y Stuart Hablan De Cannabis, El Rap, Y Ser Padres Antes De La Final De La FMS

Cortesía de FMS Argentina.

Bienvenidos de regreso a nuestra serie, Las Voces Del Freestyle En América Latina, en High Times en Español. En esta segunda entrega, hablamos con los Argentinos Stuart y Klan antes de su participación en la final nacional de la FMS, que tendrá lugar en Buenos Aires, en ­el Movistar Arena, el 28 de Diciembre. Encontrá tus entradas acá.

Por más duro que se tiren sobre la tarima en la Freestyle Master Series (FMS), Klan y Stuart tienen una química especial abajo del escenario. Viajar juntos constantemente, siendo padres, y mayores que muchos de los otros freestylers, ayuda a generar un vínculo. Pero esta amistad viene con un toque de condimento extra: la buena hierba.

Arrancamos la conversación con una
introducción simple: vamos a hablar de faso (cannabis, marihuana, o mota).

“Vamos a hablar de faso,” dicen los dos en unísono.

Se miran y se rien.

Es un poco surrealista. Estamos en una
locación bien careta, corporativa – no podemos decir cual por el consumo de
cannabis involucrado en la jornada, pero vamos a hablar de faso, en mitad de la
tarde, y para todos cuenta como un evento laboral.

Stuart, rápidamente acota: “Yo lo primero que
quiero decir es que soy fumador activo y lo uso para todo. Es como un ritual para mi… Sea lo que sea
que tenga que hacer: salir a caminar, ir al supermercado, lo que sea… Siempre
prefiero hacerlo fumado.”

“Soy fumador activo y lo uso para todo. Es como un ritual para mi.”

Stuart

Klan también es un apasionado por el cannabis. Desde muy joven consume marihuana, aunque al igual que Stuart, comprende hoy en día que, en su versión psicoactiva, el cannabis es más adecuado para adultos.

Más allá del consumo recreativo, Klan conoce
muy bien los efectos medicinales del cannabis. Su hermano sufre de un trastorno
general del desarrollo, y el aceite de cannabis lo ha ayudado muchísimo, dice Klan.

“Con el tiempo fui metiéndome más en tema,
con lo que es el Tetrahidrocannabinol o THC, y el CBD. Es todo un mundo,” dice.

“El cannabis forma parte de mí y de mi paz.”

Klan

 “Y para mí, en mi vida, ocupa el lugar de la paz,” continúa. “A mi me brindó una personalidad más tranquila. El cannabis forma parte de mí y de mi paz.”

Re Porreros Y Re
Rapperos

El cannabis ayuda a Klan y Stuart en muchos
aspectos, incluyendo la creación musical.

“Para mi es vital,” dice Stuart.

“La imaginación activa hace que tu cabeza module todo lo que vos sabes sobre ese tema, todo lo que vos querés decir respecto a lo que estás a punto de hablar.”

Stuart

Reconoce haber escrito temas sin fumar, en momentos en que “por alguna razón extraña, no tenía cannabis.” Pero, agrega, “el cannabis te libera, libera muchísimo tu imaginación. Cuando vos estás escribiendo y se te viene una temática a la cabeza, tener la imaginación activa hace que tu cabeza module todo lo que vos sabes sobre ese tema, todo lo que vos querés decir respecto a lo que estás a punto de hablar… Ese es el mejor momento para escribir.”

“Yo cuando fumo y tengo una temática en la cabeza, escribo un tema en 45 minutos, porque se me viene todo a la cabeza.”

Klan también encuentra inspiración en nuestra
amiga, María.

“El cannabis abre muchas puertas a la hora de
componer,” comenta. “Quizás porque hace que también te olvides de lo que está alrededor…
Bueno, tampoco olvidarte porque no es que el cannabis da amnesia… Aunque
depende de que estés fumando,” bromea, mientras Stuart se ríe y festeja el
chiste.

Es corta, el cannabis ayuda a ambos a
rapperos a concentrarse y entrar en la zona. Como dice Klan, “entrar en tu
propia burbuja y fluir de otra forma.”

¿Y en el freestyle? ¿Dónde encaja en
cannabis?

“Como en la vida,” comenta Stuart. “Fumo
antes de hacer algo.”

Klan agrega un asterisco: depende de qué, y
cuanto, fumes.

“A mi me gusta entrar a freestylear relajado,
liberado, pero no roto.”

Trayendo a colación una charla que había
tenido con Stuart la noche anterior, lo cita: “Para liberarte, a veces hay que
encerrarte.”

Los chicos sueñan con el día en que se pueda fumar en el escenario mientras sus contrincantes tiran free durante su round. Es cuestión de superar los prejuicios para llegar a un punto donde el público no lo vea de forma negativa, y lxs más pequeñxs entre ellos puedan comprender de qué se trata.

El Cannabis En La
Movida

Una de mis preguntas favoritas siempre va por
la línea del cannabis en la movida del hip hop.

“Es muy bueno que estos padres entiendan quienes son los idolos de sus hijos y acepten que no somos superheroes ni personajes de plástico; somos personas y tenemos nuestras cosas… Dentro de eso está el cannabis, que me parece algo muy grato y muy liberador.”

Klan

Según Klan, la mayoría de lxs productores y organizadores de eventos entienden que casi todos los competidores de las ligas de freestyle aman el cannabis. Esto no sólo aplica a la Argentina, sino también a las ligas de diversos países hispanoparlantes, agrega.

“Creo que hoy los padres y madres que
acompañan a los chicos menores a los eventos de freestyle también son
conscientes de la realidad, de que nosotros consumimos cannabis, y saben que el
cannabis no es realmente una droga, sino una planta. Es muy bueno que estos
padres entiendan quienes son los idolos de sus hijos y acepten que no somos
superheroes ni personajes de plástico; somos personas y tenemos nuestras
cosas… Dentro de eso está el cannabis, que me parece algo muy grato y muy
liberador.

“Y una cosa más que quiero agregar, en
relación a un tema que conversábamos antes: subir fumado a competir no te
define,” concluye Klan.

“Efectivamente, a nosotros nos ayuda mucho a
relajarnos y al final rappear mejor,” dice Stuart.

Padres Y Cannábicos

Por último, tocamos el tema de la paternidad
y el consumo de cannabis, y no porque yo lo sacara a colación. Tanto Stuart
como Klan querían discutirlo.

“Yo soy padre y Klan también, por lo cual queremos ser cuidadosos con respecto al ejemplo que damos, a las cosas que decimos para el futuro. Yo siento que el cannabis es algo personal y que cada uno decide si disfrutarlo o no… Es tu decisión,” concluye Stuart. “Como es mi decisión, en este caso, es completamente personal. “A mi me va a gustar siempre el cannabis y voy a fumar toda mi vida. Siempre y cuando pueda fumar tranquilo y hacer mi vida, para mi está todo bien.”

Video y foto por CosechasArgentinas (Instagram.com/cosechasargentinas/)
Edición por Javier Hasse (Instagram.com/javierhasse/)

Pero ambos reconocen que esta opción está muy
limitada por la ilegalidad del cannabis.

“Hay un manejo de plata muy grande en
Argentina alrededor de la ilegalidad del cannabis. El hecho de que se permita
todavía vender prensado en las villas y otros lugares es evidencia clara de
esto: el cannabis se prohíbe para que aquellos a quienes se les permite
venderlo hagan más plata,” Klan dice.

“Hay que tomar el ejemplo de Uruguay, donde
por ser menos, todos se escuchan y entienden…. Eso necesitamos: escucharnos
entre todos y entendernos entre todos.”

Finaliza con una reflexión con respecto a la moderación: “es importante que todos tengan en cuenta que, como con todo, la moderación es clave. Si te tomás un cajón de cerveza vos solo, no te vas a sentir muy bien… Pero el consumo de cannabis controlado, para mi, le brinda paz a la gente.”

Si les gustó esta nota, quédense atentxs, que la semana que viene sale otra con más de sus freestylers favoritos. Si buscan una buena introducción al freestyle, chequeen la serie que sobre la historia de la épica competencia madre de todas, “El Quinto Escalón” en YouTube. Una fracción, donde Klan tira lo que se convertiría en el “punchline del año 2016” acá:

The post Klan Y Stuart Hablan De Cannabis, El Rap, Y Ser Padres Antes De La Final De La FMS appeared first on High Times.


How to Pass a Urine Drug Test

There are few statements more frightening for a regular marijuana user than “We are going to need you to take a urine drug test.” This seemingly innocuous statement is enough to send even the most rational individuals online to try to determine how to pass a urine test. Even though recreational and medicinal marijuana is increasingly becoming legal across the country, it is still standard practice for employers to request a THC urine drug test as a condition for employment or to require employees to submit to random drug testing.

While there is a ton of information online explaining how to pass a marijuana drug test, it can be difficult to determine which information is accurate and what is actually an unreliable drug testing myth. That is why we have compiled this guide on how to pass a urine drug test for weed. Below, we break down how long THC will stay in your system, offering tips to pass a drug test in 24 hours and over an extended amount of time. We also share the key to naturally passing a drug test and debunk some common drug test myths.

How Long Does THC Stay in My System?

THC can be detected in urine anywhere from two days to 11 weeks after using marijuana. The exact amount of time THC stays in your system can vary greatly depending on a few different factors, including:

  • How often do you use marijuana?
  • How long has it been since you last used marijuana?
  • What is the potency of the marijuana you use?
  • What is your body fat percentage?
  • What is your current weight?
  • Do you have a fast or slow metabolism?

The average individual gets rid of THC in the body within 30 to 45 days after using marijuana. If you regularly smoke marijuana, THC can stay in your system for up to 90 days after usage. Conversely, if you rarely smoke marijuana, all traces of THC can be out of your urine in only two days, although approximately 10 days is more typical for sparse users.

How to Pass a Urine Drug Test in 24 Hours

Even in the best possible situation, THC is found in urine two days after using marijuana. If you only have 24 hours to pass a drug test, the odds are stacked against you. In a month or even in as little as a week, a lot can be done to help individuals pass a urine drug test, but 24 hours only leaves a few options. Below are steps on how to pass a drug test in 24 hours:

1. Flush THC out of Your System with a Detox Drink

There are a few drinks available on the market that promise a same-day detox cleanse, flushing your system of unwanted toxins, including THC. After drinking one of these detox drinks, drug test taker’s urine may come up as THC-free for a small four- to six-hour window immediately following consumption. However, detox drinks are not reliable, and for many people, a detox drink will have little to no effect on the drug test results.

2. Buy a Home THC Urine Drug Test

If you only have 24 hours to pass a drug test, it is a good idea to know what your test will reveal about your THC levels. Purchase a home THC urine drug test at your local pharmacy or drugstore, and see if you pass the test. This is a quick way to see if a detox drink was effective in flushing THC from your system. However, be careful since take-home tests are rarely as accurate as laboratory tests.

3. Drink a Lot of Water and Fluids

If your home THC drug test shows that your urine tests positive for THC, you can buy yourself some time by drinking a ton of water. Having a large amount of liquid in your system will dilute your urine. In turn, your urine sample will essentially be water, and your test may be considered inconclusive. This means you will have to retake the test at a later date, giving your body extra time to flush out THC.

4. Try to Cheat and Get Away with It

We do not necessarily recommend cheating, but if your back is against the wall and you are out of options, there are ways to cheat a drug test. Most methods involve smuggling in another individual’s clean sample to your urine drug test and passing it off as your own. However, before doing so, make sure to think about the consequences of getting caught and the ethical issues that come with cheating.

How to Pass a Urine Drug Test for Weed If You Have More Than  24 Hours

If you are wondering how to pass a urine drug test naturally, the most important thing you will need is time. Passing a THC urine test in 24 hours is next to impossible, but if you have more time (around three to four weeks) there are steps you can take to pass successfully. 

1. Increase Your Water Consumption

Now that you have some time to get ready for the marijuana urine test, you do not need to be constantly chugging water. Instead, merely up your water intake to flush any THC out of your system. 

2. Increase How Much You Exercise

A fast metabolism can help your body flush THC out of your system, and the best way to increase your metabolism is to exercise. Not only that, but since THC is stored in fat cells, burning fat when you work out pushes THC out of your system at a faster rate. However, because of this, avoid exercising in the 24 hours before your urine drug test, as this can result in stored THC being pushed into your bloodstream.

3. Try a 5- or 10-Day Detox Kit

While same-day detox kits do not have a strong track record of success, 5 or 10-day detox kits tend to be more reliable. These detox kits are full of helpful supplements that aim to rid your body of unwanted toxins completely, including THC. Make sure to do some research, as there are a plethora of detox kits found online with miraculous claims of success without any evidence to back up those claims.

4. Take B Vitamins and Creatine the Day of the Test

Drinking all of that water in preparation for your drug test means that your urine will lose most of its natural yellow coloring. Get your urine yellow again by taking B vitamins, specifically B12 and B2. That way, there will be no visual evidence that you tried to dilute your urine before the test.

Another supplement to consider on the day of the test is creatine. The body breaks creatine down into creatinine, which is something that lab technicians look for in a urine sample. This can help make a urine sample that is diluted by excessive water consumption appear normal. 

What Are Some Common THC Urine Drug Test Myths?

When researching how to pass a urine drug test for weed, you are bound to encounter THC urine drug test myths. Over the years, a variety of different tips to pass a drug test have surfaced that are unequivocally false. Below are three of the most common drug test myths: 

Can I Beat a Drug Test with Baking Soda?

A common myth that can be found on countless websites is that baking soda can help you pass a urine drug test. These websites advise that you mix baking soda with water and then drink the whole concoction in one gulp. There is zero scientific evidence to back this up, as there is no reason to believe that drinking baking soda can help you pass a drug test. In fact, consuming a large amount of baking soda has the potential for significant toxicity and can present a number of health risks. 

Can Drinking Cranberry Juice, Lemon Juice or Tea Beat a Drug Test?

There are many accounts online that swear that cranberry juice, lemon juice or tea helped them pass a drug test. While this may be true for that one-off individual, there is little evidence that these beverages will help you pass a drug test. While all three are good detox beverages, chugging bottles of juice or tea is not going to lead to a passed drug test miraculously.

Can Synthetic Urine Pass a THC Drug Test?

Synthetic urine kits are often mentioned as a way to pass a drug test, supplying you with fake THC-free urine to pass off as your own. However, tests are advanced enough to notice the differences between synthetic and authentic urine, so synthetic urine is typically ineffective. 

Want More Tips on How to Pass a Urine Drug Test?

If you are interested in learning more tips on how to pass drug tests, check out the Drug Testing 101 guide. This guide will provide more information on how to pass different types of drug screenings.

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